According to the generally accepted Christian doctrine, man is born with the taint of original sin upon his soul; therefore, his nature is automatically evil. 25 And Melchizedek lifted up his voice and blessed Abram. When did he write? Unfortunately, the KJV adds to the obscurity of this idea because the translations generally rendered the Hebrew tetragrammaton (i.e., Jod He Vav He) representing Jehovah (or Yahweh) to read Lord (i.e., large capital L and small capitals ord). . What is the fundamental message of Genesis? Compare Genesis 1:1–6:13. Whether one believes him or not, the discussion has focused on whether Smith's English texts represent literal translations of extant source documents. Genesis 48:5–6 (JST, Genesis 48:5–11). Did God just place a spirit in man at one point in his evolutionary development from lower forms? “See that little ‘a.’ Now let’s look down to the cross-references. “For behold, they have taken away from the gospel of the Lamb many parts which are plain and most precious; and also many covenants of the Lord” (1 Nephi 13:26). The JST says: “And Noah and his sons hearkened unto the Lord, and gave heed, and they were called the sons of God” (JST, Genesis 8:1/Moses 8:13). 2. Israel was the covenant people with a divine destiny and the promises made to their fathers would all be fulfilled. But, if the children are born whole, then how does one account for the wickedness in our society? There are over two hundred changes or added verses in JST, Genesis, which in itself suggests the monumental impact that it would have on an understanding of its message. [or] Nephilim (i.e., giants). Our eighth article of faith states that “we believe the Bible to be the word of God, as far as it is translated correctly.” Joseph, in relating this belief, stated: If we go back to the Joseph Smith Translation [hereafter referred to as JST] in the appendix, we will find sixteen more verses of scripture which you did not read.” The questioning look on his face was obvious, but before he could even finish his next question, “What does it say?” I had already closed my book and was putting it back in my briefcase. And since the claims of Joseph Smith to be a prophet are directly tied to his claims to possess this gift, this gives us more than enough reason to reject Joseph Smith’s prophetic claims. In this regard, Elder James E. Talmage said, “The opening chapters of Genesis, and scriptures related thereto, were never intended as a textbook of geology, archeology, earth-science, or man-science.” . After the bus had gone a few blocks, I noticed the person next to me was reading his Bible. “Adam and Eve . To the expression “every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew” is added, “For I, the Lord God, created all things, of which I have spoken, spiritually, before they were naturally upon the face of the earth . Also promised is that one would be raised up in the latter days to once again bring Israel to a knowledge of the covenants (JST, Genesis 50:31). They are to believe in him, hearken to his word, be baptized in his name, and pray to the Father in his name. After a pause, he said, “What’s so good about the new one?”, “Well, I happened to notice that you just read Genesis 14. The JST clearly provides the reason why Noah, his sons, and their wives boarded the boat and were saved, while the rest of their family, friends, and neighbors all went to a watery grave. Lot’s incestuous daughters “did wickedly.”. Did Nephi see this in vision? At least one other allusion to priesthood includes the three messengers at the time of Sodom’s impending destruction, “which were holy men, and were sent forth after the order of God” (i.e., the order of the Melchizedek Priesthood) (JST, Genesis 18:23.). Following are a few small but critical corrections that add to the beauty of the scriptural account: 1. Figure 2. A careful investigation of the actual use of this word in the Scriptures will unequivocally show that 'Elohim, while plural in form, is singular in concept. Those who would not hearken became known as the sons and daughters of men. Because of his sophistries, many loved him more than God.  “A Plainer Translation”: Joseph Smith’s Translation of the Bible, A History and Commentary (Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1975), 257; also cf. ), Lest the value of the JST be missed, consider the conclusion reached in a popular Bible dictionary about the nature of the sons of God and daughters of men referred to in Genesis 6:2: “The text seems to imply that the gods married existing gigantic earthly women and that these marriages produced the mighty men . The Joseph Smith Translation of John 1:1 is fraught with egregious errors which, considered in context, have important implications on Joseph Smith’s claims to be a prophet. “We will have the men, and they daughters also.” The latter was their idea, not Lot’s, contrary to the Genesis account. The gospel of Jesus Christ taught in the beginning. See Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible, 70. Grant Building Every person was created in the image of his Eternal Father and the Only Begotten Son. D&C 76:15ff. . “The Father and the Son,” Doctrinal Exposition of the First Presidency and Quorum of Twelve,” June 30, 1916, quoted in Talmage, Articles of Faith, 465–73. , Our current book of Moses (2:1–8:30) is an almost verbatim copy of the JST, Genesis 1:1–8:18 (covering King James Version Genesis 1:1–6:13). Most of the Christian world, with the help of a few assumptions, reaches the following conclusions: Adam and Eve both openly rebelled against God and committed a wicked, evil sin—undoubtedly breaking the law of chastity. This seems a most appropriate place to conclude. The man who studies the stories and message of Genesis without the aid of the Joseph Smith Translation is like unto the captain of a ship who, while viewing the tips of many icebergs (doctrines), tries to estimate their true size and shape without considering all information available and the underlying currents which affect their movement. The fact that the gospel of redemption was taught from the beginning has to be one of the most exciting insights we encounter in our gospel study. What seemed to be the intent of his book? And Cain loved Satan more than God.” (JST, Genesis 5:4, 6/Moses 5:16, 18.). One of the most significant dimensions of this quest for insights is represented by sources that are not actually in the JST itself, but which might be considered an extension of it. 36 And this Melchizedek, having thus established righteousness, was called the king of heaven by his people, or, in other words, the King of peace. . What Is the Fundamental Message of Genesis? The JST clarifies these fundamental aspects of the nature of man: “The Son of God hath atoned for original guilt, wherein the sins of the parents cannot be answered upon the heads of the children, for they are whole from the foundation of the world” (JST, Genesis 6:56/Moses 6:54; emphasis added). . What is an intelligence? Also, they worry that if the universe has an existence independent of God, this undermines basic theology. Priesthood functions are also mentioned: “He [Melchizedek] blessed Abram, being the high priest, and keeper of the storehouse of God; Him whom God appointed to receive tithes for the poor” (JST, Genesis 14:37–38). None of the foregoing information is found in either Genesis or JST, Genesis directly, but “These things were all written in the books of Enoch, and are to be testified of in due time” (D&C 107:57). Great gospel themes are better clarified in JST, Genesis. “The sins of the parents [e.g., Adam and Eve] cannot be answered upon the heads of the children, for they are whole from the foundation of the world” (JST, Genesis 6:56/, Man’s nature is not fallen to begin with, but “they loved Satan more than God. In summary, to gain insights into the book of Genesis, it has been suggested that: However, the search of the dedicated student or teacher will not end here. What Related Extratextual Sources Are Available? 7. If he applies his knowledge properly, his ship (the good ship Inspired Interpretation) will surely sail safely through difficult waters to the blissful shore. Also, that by this sin they doomed all mankind to be born already stained with original sin upon their souls into a world of grief, sorrow, and suffering. Before considering the great gospel themes which become plain in the JST, one other preliminary observation could be made to emphasize the large amount of additional scripture that it makes available. The Joseph Smith Translation (JST; also called the Inspired Version (IV)) is a revision of the LDS-published King James Version of the Bible, but The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) has only officially canonized certain excerpts that appear in its Pearl of Great Price. . le-zikkaron ) to the nearby well, where Isaac later camped. The Lord called on men everywhere by the Holy Ghost to repent. 185 Heber J. Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon religion, made a number of changes to the King James Bible that is known today as either the Inspired Version or Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible. . Judging from the more complete revelation to Moses (found in JST, Genesis), could not ancient and modern Israel conclude that among the most important things they … From this, who could possibly reconstruct the history or operation of the priesthood for approximately twenty-five hundred years—from Adam to Moses? It would be hard to overestimate the negative psychological impact this false doctrine would have on a person’s life when trying to overcome individual weaknesses and gain eternal perfection. He was their creator and all of creation was good. Genesis 6:6 (JST, Genesis 8:15; Moses 8:25). Instead of the “stone” being the house of God, it is the “place” of the house of God. I was thrilled when this volume came out. The word Lucifer occurs only once, at Isaiah 14:12, and the word devil does not occur at all. However, the covenant is best elaborated in connection with Abraham wherein it is called an “everlasting covenant” (JST, Genesis 13:13).  The Interpreter’s One Volume Commentary on the Bible (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1971), 7. There are extratextual sources available to give us additional insights. Joseph Smith's claim that the word 'Elohim in Genesis 1:1, having a plural ending indicates that there are many gods is completely without merit. Where did it all begin? To appreciate the contribution of the JST on the adversary’s role, we remind ourselves that the word Satan occurs only nineteen times in the KJV Old Testament, and its first occurrence does not appear until 1 Chronicles 21:1. made all things known unto their sons and their daughters. 27 And thus, having been approved of God, he was ordained an high priest after the order of the covenant which God made with Enoch. Were there pre-Adamites? Eve said, “I have gotten a man from the Lord” (Genesis 4:1). It is clear that “every spirit of man was innocent in the beginning” (D&C 93:38), and can remain that way unless there is failure to yield to “the enticings of the Holy Spirit” (Mosiah 3:19). Adam and Eve taught their children in the ways of the Lord, but Satan prevailed “and they [the children] loved Satan more than God” (JST, Genesis 4:12–13/Moses 5:12–13). Cain’s unacceptable offering came only after Satan commanded it. Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts. “Every green herb” becomes “every clean herb.”, 3. What related extratextual sources are available? References to covenants do appear in Genesis, particularly in chapter 17, but the details are vague. When commanded to offer sacrifice, Adam did so in complete faith. Who was the prophet-scribe? 40 And it came to pass, that God blessed Abram, and gave unto him riches, and honor, and lands for an everlasting possession; according to the covenant which he had made, and according to the blessing wherewith Melchizedek had blessed him. Most of us probably don’t fully appreciate or have a true perspective on the value of the JST because we have been using part of it for such a long time (i.e., the book of Moses). The only direct reference to priesthood in KJV Genesis is to Melchizedek, priest of the most high God (see Genesis 14:18–20). The principles that will sanctify, save, and exalt men today are the same that applied in every age or dispensation. In it, Joseph Smith desired to restore many of the “plain and precious things taken away from the book, which is the book of the Lamb of God.”(1 Nephi 13:28) Therefore, the clearest example given of biblical prophecy regarding Joseph Smith from the JST is Genesis 50:30-33: And again, a seer will I raise up out of the fruit of thy loins, and unto him will I give power to bring forth … Therefore, one can read Genesis without recognizing that Jehovah (or Jesus Christ) is on almost every page. Genesis 14:24 (JST, Genesis 14:25–40). Then the revelation continues to indicate at what age and by whom each of the patriarchs was ordained, down to and including Noah (see D&C 107:44–52). Melchizedek blesses Abram. The introduction to Old Testament Revision 1 on the Joseph Smith Papers website notes some of the significant passages in the Book of Moses and JS’s revision of Genesis chapters 1–24. All I knew about him was where he got on and off the bus. ... Hat Tip to Joseph Smith. Thus we see the perfect justice of God in working with his children for their salvation. The Joseph Smith Translation (JST) of the Bible, also known as the Inspired Version (IV), was written by Joseph from 1830 to 1833. Jesus Christ (the Only Begotten Son) was called before the foundation of the world to be the Savior and Redeemer. from June 1830 to July 1833, which was exactly the time he was working on the Bible translation. Undoubtedly there were others who chose the path of faith and obedience, but the sacred records reflect that many in Adam’s generation did not enthusiastically lean toward spiritual things. Smith and his followers used the term translation to describe the genesis of these English scriptures, which remain canonical for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. . 30 For God having sworn unto Enoch and unto his seed with an oath by himself; that every one being ordained after this order and calling should have power, by faith, to break mountains, to divide the seas, to dry up waters, to turn them out of their course; 31 To put at defiance the armies of nations, to divide the earth, to break every band, to stand in the presence of God; to do all things according to his will, according to his command, subdue principalities and powers; and this by the will of the Son of God which was from before the foundation of the world. Other evidence of an initial restriction comes from Joseph Smith’s response to what seems to have been a 31 July 1832 request by William W. Phelps to publish portions of the Bible translation that had been made to that date. Continuing, the revelation says, “Abraham received all things, whatsoever he received, by revelation and commandment” (v. 29), which brings us back to Genesis. Genesis 19:8 (JST, Genesis 19:11). How long did it take? Righteous patriarchs did teach their children “in the ways of God” (JST, Genesis 6:12, 22, 43/Moses 6:13, 21, 41), and those who learned to “walk with [the Lord]” and “abide” in him (JST, Genesis 6:36/Moses 6:34) became the sons and daughters of God. The wording of section 132 and its doctrinal nature reflect its connection with JST, Genesis. Let us consider eight which are either obscure or completely missing in the KJV: The single most important concept to grasp in a study of Genesis is the role and mission of Jesus Christ (known in his preexistent state as Jehovah). This reference is best viewed with a frames compatible browser. He was not the first to receive it, but was counseled that he “should observe to keep all my covenants wherein I covenanted with thy fathers” (JST, Genesis 17:12). The order of events in Lot’s interaction with the wicked men of Sodom is changed. A gospel of redemption was taught from the beginning. And men began from that time forth to be carnal, sensual, and devilish.” (JST, Genesis 4:13/, The consequences of partaking of the fruit are given and then qualified by “nevertheless, thou mayest choose for thyself” (JST, Genesis 2:20–22/, After the Fall, Adam and Eve were taught “the plan of salvation unto all men, through the blood of mine Only Begotten” (JST, Genesis 6:65/, “Because of my transgression,” said Adam, “my eyes are opened, and in this life I shall have joy, and again in the flesh I shall see God” (JST, Genesis 4:10/, Eve “heard all these things, and was glad, saying: Were it not for our transgression we never should have had seed, and never should have known good and evil, and the joy of our redemption, and the eternal life which God giveth unto all the obedient” (JST, Genesis 4:11/. However, the seeric gift was not limited to translation, hence Ammon’s additional statement “that a seer is a revelator and a prophet also” (Mosiah 8:16). Genesis 5:1 (JST, Genesis 6:5; Moses 6:5). It was prepared by Orson Pratt in 1878 as he edited the Pearl of Great Price to be presented in the general conference of the Church. The Lord revealed to Joseph Smith the experience Moses had when he (Moses) “was caught up into an exceedingly high mountain, And he saw God face to face, and he talked with him” (Moses 1:1–2). Contrary to the traditional Christian view of being dejected, conscience-smitten, beaten, hanging their heads in shame, and in a general state of hopelessness, when they comprehended the implications of the Fall, Adam and Eve sort of jumped up and clicked their heels. (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1954–56), 1:27. Is it possible that most of these questions totally miss the mark? 36 And this Melchizedek, having thus established righteousness, was called the king of heaven by his people, or, in other words, the King of peace. . . Monte S. Nyman and Robert L. Millet (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1985), 51–70. The indications that at least part of this revelation was received while Joseph was studying the lives of these ancient patriarchs is very persuasive. JST, Hebrews 7:3; D&C 107:3). Those covenants mentioned directly or indirectly include tithing (Genesis 14:20), priesthood (JST, Genesis 6:7/Moses 6:7), and baptism (Moses 6:52). What great gospel themes are better clarified in the JST? Genesis 50:24-38. Smith considered this work to be "a branch of his calling" as a prophet. The translation of the Bible through Joseph Smith must be a major part, if not the direct fulfillment, of this prophecy. One afternoon, shortly after the “new” King James Version, LDS Edition came out, I boarded the Wasatch Boulevard bus going south on State Street in Salt Lake City and found that there was only one seat vacant—right in the middle of the back row. Melchizedekâs great ministry and the powers and blessings of the Melchizedek Priesthood are described. Robert J. Matthews has pointed out that “most of the revelations dealing with doctrinal subjects [found in the D&C] were revealed to Joseph Smith . Israel had a great patriarchal lineage going back to Adam. . “But behold, Cain hearkened not, saying: Who is the Lord that I should know him?  Interpreter’s One Volume Commentary, 7. A central claim in Mormon history and doctrine is the assertion that Joseph Smith was able to translate ancient documents into English by the gift and power of God.  Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, 3 vols. 28 It being after the order of the Son of God; which order came, not by man, nor the will of man; neither by father nor mother; neither by beginning of days nor end of years; but of God; 29 And it was delivered unto men by the calling of his own voice, according to his own will, unto as many as believed on his name. Continuing further, the revelation states that “Three years previous to the death of Adam, he called Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, and Methuselah, who were all high priests, with the residue of his posterity who were righteous, into the valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman, and there bestowed upon them his last blessing. This revelation to the latter-day prophet came at the time when he was being instructed to begin the inspired study, translation, or revision of the Bible. The early record provides ample examples of the consequences of such a decision. The Prophet and his contemporaries called it the New Translation, as it is also named in a revelation in the Doctrine and Covenants (D&C 124:89). for in heaven created I them.”. From the Joseph Smith … Genesis 17:17 (JST, Genesis 17:23). Instead of trying to squeeze out information that doesn’t seem to have been in the Genesis account in the first place (indeed, may not yet be revealed—consider Doctrine and Covenants 101:32–34), let us ask the following: What is the source of the book? Therefore, even though men sin, through faith in Christ, true repentance, and baptism, they can be given the gift of the Holy Ghost, and by living in the Lord’s way, be justified, sanctified, sealed up to eternal life, and eventually dwell in his presence. “See the footnote to that part of the verse that says no man can see God; it refers us to Moses 1:11, which as you know is part of the Joseph Smith Translation.” So we turned to Moses’ account where he “saw God face to face, and he talked with him, and the glory of god was upon Moses; therefore Moses could endure his presence” (JST, Genesis [preface] A revelation, verse 2/ Moses 1:2). Enoch reaffirms this teaching: “Behold, Satan hath come among the children of men, and tempteth them to worship him; and men have become carnal, sensual, and devilish, and are shut out from the presence of God” (JST, Genesis 6:50/Moses 6:49). He is the Only Begotten Son—creator of heaven and earth. 2. 33 And now, Melchizedek was a priest of this order; therefore he obtained peace in Salem, and was called the Prince of peace. Genesis 24:2, 9 (JST, Genesis 24:2, 8). . He rebelled and sought to destroy man’s agency. 14. Finally, it can be established that Joseph Smith approached the text of Scripture with his own personal agenda, consistently breaking rules of proper Biblical interpretation (i.e. Brigham Young University “Verily, thus saith the Lord unto you my servant Joseph, that inasmuch as you have inquired of my hand to know and understand wherein I, the Lord, justified my servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob . Thus Satan became the author of secret combinations of darkness. Paul R. Cheesman and C. Wilfred Griggs (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1984), 81–83. I have had the Complete Joseph Smith Translation of the New Testament by Wayment for a long time. G. Eerdmans Publishing Company, n.d.), 1:116. Did you know that you skipped over sixteen complete verses of scripture that you didn’t even read?”, Reaching into my briefcase, I pulled out my new KJV, LDS Edition. What Other Unique Textual Contributions Are Given? The manuscript of the JST shows that Joseph Smith … (“The Joseph Smith Translation: “Plain and Precious Things” Restored” Ensign, Aug 1997, lds.org) The recent LDS.org Gospel Topic Essay on the translation and historicity of the Book of Abraham affirms this new understanding of the concept of “translation” when applied to Joseph Smith bringing revealed scripture into the world. Approaching the study of the JST is a lifetime endeavor to which we each bring different levels of gospel scholarship. . Just then the buzzer rang for his stop, and as he started for the door, he looked back and grinned as if to say “Thanks!”. The translation of the Bible through Joseph Smith must be a major part, if not the direct fulfillment, of this prophecy. To call this version a “translation” gives a false impression. At Cain’s birth, Adam and Eve were filled with great anticipation. His well-worn Bible appeared to be one of the old black-covered Cambridge missionary editions, and he was reading Genesis 14. The Prophet was working on the Genesis portion of the translation on and off during the period of June 1830 to June 1835—the latter date including a period when an additional review was specifically made of Genesis 1 through 5. The big choice placed before Adam and Eve, their children, and grandchildren is identical to ours. . Since these blessings are contingent on man’s overcoming his personal sins, it is no surprise that the most persistent single injunction in the early record is for men to repent. 16. .  Joseph Smith, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ed. Genesis 4:1–8 (JST, Genesis 4:2–5:13; Moses 5:2–28). Genesis 21:33 (JST, Genesis 21:31). Before considering many unique changes, it might be observed that Joseph Smith’s work anticipates some of the very elements and themes emerging from recently discovered apocryphal texts, including segments about Adam, Enoch, Melchizedek, Abraham, and Joseph, thereby providing additional evidence of Joseph Smith’s prophetic calling. Each year, plan to attend BYU's Easter Conference. I am the Lord thy God, and will answer thee as touching this matter” (D&C 132:1–2). The Joseph Smith Translation, also called the Inspired Version of the Holy Scriptures, is a revision of the Bible by Joseph Smith, the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, who said that the JST/IV was intended to restore what he described as “many important points touching the salvation of men, had been taken from the Bible, or lost before it was compiled.” Smith died before he deemed it complete, though … Genesis 5:22–23 (JST, Genesis 6:21–7:78; Moses 6:21–7:69).  S. Kent Brown, “The Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible: A Panel,” in Scriptures for the Modern World, ed. Other sources highly relevant to a greater understanding of Genesis include the book of Abraham, Lectures on Faith, doctrinal expositions of the First Presidency and the Quorum of the Twelve (e.g., “The Father and the Son”), statements of the First Presidency (e.g., “Origin of Man”), and the sermons and writings of the latter-day prophets (e.g., Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith and the Conference Reports). Adam and Eve mourned because of Cain’s rebellion. Provo, UT 84602 The first kind of support given for this thesis is from the Inspired Version of the Bible, also known as the Joseph Smith Translation (JST). Consider two examples: 1. (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. Genesis was given to help raise a benighted people (ancient and modern) from their bondage to a renewed sense of who their creator is, who they are, what their blessings and responsibilities are, and the potential of their divine destiny. Genesis 2:5 (JST, Genesis 2:5; Moses 3:5). Excerpt from the article ‘Prophecies in the Bible about Joseph Smith’, published in the Ensign, January 1989: 1 Critics might argue that the Joseph Smith Translation contains references to Joseph Smith because he himself translated it. It only contains those portions that were modified by Joseph Smith … To whom was he writing? This is in contrast to the KJV where there is no direct call to repent in the entire book of Genesis. He was the Lord God who spoke to Adam and all the prophets.