John Calhoun (1806-1859) – The first surveyor-general of Kansas and a pro-slavery partisan. James B. Abbott (1818-1879) – Kansas pioneer, Free-State partisan and soldier. The first people who lived in Kansas were Native Americans who were nomadic (people who don't live in one place for very long). Kansas history is American history. – Pearson was one of the first settlers in Douglas County, Kansas, fought with John Brown in the Battle of Black Jack and built a home near Baldwin City that continues to stand today. Two years later they franchised their first Pizza Hut restaurant in Topeka. Andrew Horatio Reeder (1807-1864) – Free-State leader and the first governor of Kansas Territory. Rush Elmore (1819-1864) – One of the first Associate Justices of Kansas Territory. • Frank Marshall Davis (1905–1987), journalist, poet, political and labor movement activist; Arkansas City Henry Inman (1837-1899) – Soldier and author from Topeka. Samuel A. Kingman (1818-1904) – A Chief justice of the Kansas Supreme Court. William Gay (18? Josiah Miller (1828-1870) – A Free-State advocate who started one of the first Kansas newspapers. Charles Reynolds (1817-1885) – Writer and minister. Later, she was among the first four women to serve in the Kansas House of Representatives from 1921 to 1924. James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok (1837-1876) – Abilene and Ellsworth gunfighter and lawman. Unemployment Rate: Kansas, National. R. L. Pitts – From Wichita, Pitts was the first African American to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor for service in Vietnam. Alfred Fairfax (1840-??) Nick Chiles – Editor of the longest-running African American newspaper in the nation, the Plaindealer, established in Topeka in 1899. This program of “personal diplomacy” emphasizes nongovernmental contacts between people. James Madison Harvey (1833-1894) – The fifth governor of Kansas. Our cookies are delicious. Samuel Clark Pomeroy (1816-1891) – Pioneer and United States Senator. Margaret Hill McCarter (1860-1938) – Teacher, editor, and novelist. The birth rate, however, has produced a slight natural increase in population in most years. Hamilton Butler Bell (1853-1947) – Sheriff of Ford County, Kansas for three decades following lawman Bat Masterson. Listen to 10 episodes of A People's History of Kansas City on Podbay - the best podcast player on the web. Henry Newton Brown (1857-1884) – Brown fought with the Regulators in the Lincoln County War of New Mexico. Victor Murdock (1871-1945) – Journalist and member of Congress. Thomas R. Boston Corbett ( 1832-??) Walter “Big Train” Johnson ( 1887-1946) – From Humboldt, Johnson was a pitcher for the Washington Senators and inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936. Most western Kansas farms or ranches are large, covering not less than one … Charles Lawrence Robinson (1818-1894) – Free-State leader and the first governor of the State of Kansas. He was appointed the twentieth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1970. The Wichita Indians who originally lived in southern Oklahoma and northern Texas also began to push into southern Kansas, as more and more people invaded their original territory. Congressman to represent Kansas. Walt Mason (1862-1939) – A poet and humorist. Most western Kansas farms or ranches are large, covering not less than one section (a square mile, or 640 acres [259 hectares]) of land, though a farmer’s holdings may not always be contiguous. Fred Harvey (1835-1901) – From Leavenworth, Harvey started the national chain of famous Harvey House restaurants and hotels that once stood at many of the railroad stations in the West. William Addison Phillips (1824-1893)- Journalist, historian, and member of Congress. Damon Runyon (1884-1946) – From Manhattan, he was a short story writer and journalist. Albert T. Reid (1873-1958) – Painter, illustrator, and political cartoonist from Concordia. Native Americans, explorers, and settlers. You can never really escape. Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906) Leader in the American Anti-Slavery Society, she later turned her life’s devotion to women’s suffrage and, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded the National Woman Suffrage Association and the newspaper Revolution. There are now 93,285 fewer people unemployed in the state. Clara H. Hazelrigg (1859-??) Music by Electric Needle Room (http://electricneedleroom.com). Fry W. Giles (1819-1898) – Businessman, author, and one of the founders of Topeka. Nat Love, aka: Deadwood Dick (1854-1921) – An early cowboy in Dodge City, Nat Love, who was also known as “Deadwood” Dick was said to have been the greatest black cowboy in all of the Old West. He imported Turkey Red Wheat to Kansas and established a milling operation. Edgar Watson Howe (1853-1937) – Newspaper and magazine editor in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Kansas is named for the Kansas River that creates the northeast border. The simplicity of the people—good, earnest people. Mary Elizabeth. Kansa, also spelled Konza or Kanza, also called Kaw, North American Indians of Siouan linguistic stock who lived along the Kansas and Saline rivers in what is now central Kansas. Edward “Eddie” J. Adams (1887-1921) – A Kansas bootlegger, car thief, and murderer, Adams was eventually captured and sentenced to life imprisonment. She herself was also a singer, as well as an actress, composer, author, and poet. George Washington Carver (1864-1943) – An agricultural scientist, Carver mortgaged his Kansas homestead to go to college. Along with his brother, John O. Wattles, founded the town of Moneka, Kansas. ?-1925) – From Seward County, she was one of the state’s first female legislators. He was a candidate at Big Springs meeting and was elected to the Topeka Convention in 1855. In many popular histories, including Howard Zinn’s People’s History of the United States, the Populists are depicted as failures, crushed by almighty capital after selling out to make alliances with Democrats. Jacob Cantrell (18?-1856) – An early settler of Douglas County, Cantrell was killed by pro-slavery advocates. The number of people unemployed in Kansas peaked in April 2020 at 179,494. There, he operated a successful store along the Santa Fe Trail, as well as serving as a mail agent. Preston B. Plumb (1837-1891) – Lawyer, United States Senator, and founder of Emporia. Frank Carlson (1893-1987) – From Concordia, Carlson served in the U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Senate, and as governor. William Henry Lewis (1829-1878) – Army officer who participated in both the Civil War and the Indian Wars. Kansas suffered during most of its history from two kinds of regionalism: one that pits rural against city dwellers and another that sets the east against the west. Charles H. Branscomb – Along with Charles Robinson, Branscomb was one of the founders of Lawrence and a Free-State advocate. Franklin George Adams (1824-1899) – Free-State advocate, teacher, attorney and publisher. Alva Lease Duckwall (1877-1937) – Originally from Ohio, the family moved to Kansas in 1898. Henry Theodore Titus (1823-1881) – A solider and pro-slavery advocate who was involved in several skirmishes of the Kansas-Missouri Border War. Osa Johnson ( 1894-1953) From Chanute, Osa and her husband Martin, made themselves known as photographers, explorers, naturalists, and authors. Christian “Jim” Roper (1916-2000) – From Halstead, in 1949 he became the first NASCAR Winston Cup Series stock car race winner. He was noted for his paintings depicting life Kansas. Sara Tappan Doolittle Robinson (1827-1911) – Author and wife of first governor, Charles Lawrence Robinson. Horace L. Moore (1837-1914) – From Lawrence, he was a banker, soldier, and member of Congress. All that—it’s etched into your soul and it colors the way you see everything and it becomes a part of you. ?-1864) – Military Officer and Civil War casualty. Here is the story of the history of my home state of Kansas. This list represents those events that had a national or international impact. Charles J. Cleyson Brown (1872-1935) – Utility and telecommunications pioneer from Abilene. Roman Catholics make up nearly all of the remaining religious adherents. John Lewis Waller (1850-1907) – From Lawrence, Waller was a lawyer, founded Lawrence‘s first black newspaper, and was U.S. consul to Madagascar. Kansas didn’t really get settled by Europeans until the mid-1850’s though most towns were founded in the 1880’s. James Naismith (1861-1939) – From Lawrence, he was the inventor of the game of basketball and a coach at the University of Kansas. He led the Pottawatomie Massacre in 1856 in Bleeding Kansas and made his name in the unsuccessful raid at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia in 1859. He escaped custody twice and was killed in a shootout with police in Wichita, Kansas on November 22, 1921. John Charles Fremont by John C. Buttre, 1859. Eugene Fitch Ware (1841-1911) – Nicknamed “Ironquill,” Ware was a lawyer and poet. The tribe known as Kaw have also been known as the "People of the South wind", "People of … Date Created: January 2010 Date Modified: January 2020 The author of this article is solely responsible for its content. Ron Evans (1933-1990) – From Topeka, Evans was the commander of the pilot ship on Apollo 17. Kenekuk (18??-1856?) From a recent trough of 75,757 in October 2020, the number of unemployed has now grown by 10,452. Jotham Meeker (1804-1855) – A missionary at the Ottawa Mission. Nation (1846 – 1911) – From Medicine Lodge, Nation was a well-known and radical temperance advocate. Charles H. Withington (1816-1881) – A blacksmith for the Sac and Fox Indians, Withington was the first white settler in Lyon County, Kansas. Clyde Tombaugh (1906-1997) – From Burdette, he was an astronomer who discovered the planet Pluto in 1930. It goes with you, wherever you go. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. J. H. Defouri (1830-??) – From Chautauqua County, Fairfax was a Civil War veteran and the first African American elected to a state legislature. James Montgomery (1814-1871) – One of Kansas ‘ most infamous “Jayhawkers.”. While serving as a lawman, he made a failed attempt to rob a bank in Medicine Lodge, Kansas on April 30, 1884. Jane Grant (1892-1972) – Born in Missouri and raised in Girard, Kansas, she co-founded the New York Times with her first husband Harold Ross. Kansapedia Topic: People. He was killed in the Battle of Punished Woman Fork, the last Indian battle in Kansas. William A. Peffer (1831-1912) – Soldier, publisher, and United States Senator. William “Bloody Bill” Anderson (1839-1864) – One of the most daring, brutal, and bloodthirsty of those guerrilla captains who harassed Kansas during the early years of the Civil War. George Campbell (1848-??) William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody (1846-1917) – Raised in Leavenworth, Cody was a Pony Express rider, buffalo hunter, soldier, scout, and “Wild West Show” promoter. Lawrence, home of the state’s largest university, depends on the school for its economy, though the city has worked successfully to attract high-technology and light-manufacturing industry. Wyatt Earp (1848-1929) – Wichita and Dodge City lawman. James G. Blunt (1826-1881) – Physician and abolitionist who rose to Union Major General during the Civil War. Susanna Madora Salter (1860-1961) From Argonia, she was the first woman mayor in the nation. Harry Hines Woodring (1887-1967) – From Elk City, Woodring was a banker, Democratic governor of Kansas, and U.S. Secretary of War. Carl A. Hatch (1889-1963) – From Kirwin, he was a U.S. Lucy Hobbs Taylor (1833-1910) – From Lawrence, the first fully-trained woman dentist in the world. Adams, Henry J. Adams, John H. Adams, Stanley. She was the 42nd Governor of Kansas from 1991 to 1995. Oscar E. Learnard (1832-1911) – Free-State advocate, lawyer, journalist, and soldier. The Wichita metropolitan area accounts for more than one-fifth of the state’s population. Hugh Sleight Walsh (1810-1877) – Secretary and acting governor of the Territory of Kansas. Samuel J. Crawford (1835-1913) – Lawyer, soldier, and third governor of the State of Kansas. Clyde Cessna ( 1879-1954) – Airplane manufacturer from Wichita. In the 1500s, Spanish conquistadores came to explore the place. Martin Johnson ( 1884-1937) – From Lincoln, Martin and his wife, Osa, made themselves known as photographers, explorers, naturalists, and authors. Jim Ryun (1947-present) – From Wichita, Ryun was the World’s Outstanding Athlete in 1966-1967, a three-time Olympian, set a world track record for the mile in 1966, and member of U.S. Congress. African Americans in Kansas. – From Topeka, Lytle was one of the first African American women to be admitted to the practice of law in the United States. Entry: Populism Author: Kansas Historical Society Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history. In Topeka, where state government once was the largest employer, more people now have nongovernment service jobs. In 1901 Duckwall purchased a Racket Store in Abilene. You May Be Surprised To Learn These 11 Famous People Are From Kansas. Rex Maneval (1890-1974) – From Frankfort, Maneval was an inventor and helicopter manufacturer. George W. Deitzler (1826-1884) – Free-State advocate, soldier, and politician. David Lykins (1820?-1861) – Pro-slavery advocate and member of the Bogus Legislature. By the mid-18th century, the “Wind People” were the predominant tribe in what became the state to which they gave their name (Kansas). Frank Carney (1938-present) – Along with brother, Dan, established the first Pizza Hut Restaurant in Wichita, Kansas after borrowing $600 from their mother. Thomas Sears Huffaker (1825-1910) – A pioneer teacher of Kansas, one of the founders of Council Grove, and a politician. John White Geary (1819-1873) – The third Territorial Governor of Kansas. Kansas Population History. The two are related in that none of the state’s principal cities is in the west. Geographical and historical treatment of Kansas, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. Samuel Newitt Wood (1825-1891) – Free-State advocate and politician, Wood was killed in the “Stevens County War.”. John James Ingalls ( 1833-1900) – From Atchison, Ingalls served in the U.S. Senate and submitted the design for the state seal and proposed the state motto. William C. Quantrill (1837-1865) – After serving as a teacher at Lawrence, Quantrill began to lead gangs of Border Ruffians in the Kansas-Missouri Border War, became a Confederate soldier during the Civil War, and was responsible for the Lawrence Massacre in 1863. Place yourself where history happened by visiting our museums, landmarks and historic sites. James Henry Lane, aka: “The Grim Chieftain,” Bloody Jim. Robert S. Kelley (1831-1890) – Pro-slavery partisan during the Kansas-Missouri Border War and U.S. Robert B. Mitchell (1823-1882) – Soldier, Free-State advocate, and member of the first Kansas Territorial Legislature. Charles Ransford Jennison (1834-1884) – A physician and anti-slavery Jayhawker who led the Redlegs. Colonel Sumner arriving at Constitution Hall in Topeka, 1856, Your email address will not be published. Many of the small cities, especially in the west, offer unexpected cultural and commercial resources, perhaps because they often lie far apart and draw from large trade territories. Required fields are marked *. Amos Adams Lawrence (1814-1886) – A Free-State advocate, the city of Lawrence, Kansas was named for him.
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