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smooth softshell turtle illinois

Natural Resources Building Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera Illinois Natural History Survey 1816 … Natur., Paris. Habitat: Rivers and large streams having sand substrate, bars, and banks. … Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). INHS Herpetology Collection The kind of softshell turtle you choose will determine the size of tank you need. Type Locality: “Newharmony, sur le Wabash” [=New Harmony, Wabash River, Posey County, IN], Original Name: Trionyx muticus Le Sueur, 1827. The plastron (lower shell) is white. Spatial ecological information is lacking for many river turtles including the Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica), a species inhabiting the Midwestern United States. Charlie Brown Specials To Air on WILL-TV, After All, In PBS Deal A similar but expanded pair of stripes extend posteriorly from eyes onto the neck. 1827. Smooth softshell turtles may be easily confused with the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera), as the differences between the two species are subtle. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science (2018) Volume 111, pp. Etymology: Apalone – apo (Greek) meaning separate; alone (Anglo-Saxon) meaning solitary; or apalos (Greek) meaning soft, tender; mutica – mutilus (Latin) meaning shortened, docked. website. Apalone mutica, the smooth softshell turtle, is a member of Trionychidae within Cryptodira.There are four extant species of Apalone (Ernst and Barbour, 1989; Bonin et al., 2006). The Midland Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica) is a highly aquatic turtle that oc-curs in central and south-central parts of the United States. 607 East Peabody Drive They love to bury in sand with just their head exposed waiting to surprise a fish. The smooth softshell turtle can be found from Pennsylvania to New Mexico and Florida (they are found in from central to south central United States). They hibernate in the winter just like other turtles. Midland Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta marginata. woodlands and prairies, while the Smooth Softshell Turtle and Alligator Snapping Turtle favor rivers. Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up any tank. Type Specimen: Syntypes. The Smooth Softshell Turtle features a smooth carapace that does not display any of the typical bony scutes found on other turtle breeds. This turtle is very unlikely to be confused with any species except the Spiny Softshell. in males (Conant and Collins 1991). Small numbers of females and juveniles at one site suggest problems with recruitment in one population; the … The other, the smooth softshell turtle, is a threatened species in Illinois, according to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. The Smooth Softshell inhabits larger rivers and prefers to bask, nest, and conceal itself in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars. Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle in water at The Grove National Landmark Glenview Illinois 602146 Apalone spinifera. Email the Web Administrator with questions or comments. The goals were to 1) determine Factors affecting movement, home range, and habitat use, 2) obtaining estimates of population size and population structure, and 3) determine the freshwater turtle community structure. Females and males also differ in color. It takes only seconds for this turtle to completely bury itself in the sand, lying just deep enough for its long, pointed snout to reach the surface for air, like a snorkel. INHS Illinois River Biological Station researchers commonly catch these creatures in the hoop nets they use to sample fishes. Illinois Natural History Survey • Prairie Research Institute. Smooth softshell turtle’s habitat. The common musk turtle (Sternotherus odoratus) is an aquatic turtle found in mud- ... Illinois has two turtle species not restricted to aquatic habitats and often encountered on land: the eastern box turtle (Ter - All rights reserved. The Florida softshell turtle is a large turtle with a flattened, pancake-like body, a long neck, an elongated head with a long snorkel-like nose, and large webbed feet, each with three claws. Smooth Softshells make very good community turtles. The Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey provides species distribution maps and more natural history information about the spiny softshell turtle and the smooth softshell turtle. Similar Species: Spiny Softshell. The smooth softshell turtle is a species of softshell turtle of the family Trionychidae. It gives the animal a pancakelike appearance. Mississippi Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii. The largest Illinois specimen on record weighed about 160 pounds. Vol. The Prairie Research … Hist. Florida Softshell Turtle (Apalone ferox) is a species of softshell turtle found primarily in the state of Florida, but it also ranges to southern sections of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and Texas. Female is more solitary, wanders more, and utilizes deeper water than male. Female lays multiple clutches of 6 to 26 round, brittle-shelled eggs (ca. Distribution Notes: Although restricted to rivers with sandy bottoms and frequent sandbars, the Smooth Softshell is absent from the apparently suitable rivers of Kankakee and Iroquois counties. Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in large females. Description: Medium-sized (up to 28 cm CL) turtle with tan, brown, or olive carapace with light posterior border. As the name suggests, the Smooth Softshell Turtle’s carapace does not have any bumps, ridges, or spines - they are flat and leathery with flexible edges. Compared to other turtle species, the smooth softshell turtles are large. The Smooth Softshell inhabits larger rivers and prefers to bask, nest, and conceal itself in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars. Because of their soft shells, these turtles are more vulnerable to predators. 8813 designated lectotype by Webb (1962. It is most abundant in the latter. website to learn about the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera) and the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. Jason Ross (INHS), Robert Bluett (IDNR), and Michael J. Dreslik (INHS) Jason Ross radio-tracking a Smooth Softshell Turtle in the Kaskaskia River near Fayetteville, Illinois. The eastern spiny softshell turtle is one of two softshell turtles in Illinois, and it is the more widespread of the two. Within river systems, smooth softshell turtles had highest populations in the open side channels and main channels of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers in southern Illinois. Turtle Ornate Box Turtle Smooth Softshell Spiny Softshell Red-eared Slider Year Round None 3 3 Any Method None None North Note sur deux especes de tortues du genre Trionyx Gff. Care for smooth softshell turtles in many forms. Occurrences suggest the Smooth Softshell's distribution in Illinois is the same as or substantially similar to historical times. Despite their preference for riverine systems, smooth softshell turtles have also been found in lakes, bogs, ponds, and drainage ditches. As a result, they are more aggressive than many turtle … False Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica pseudogeographica. Currently, the Smooth Softshell Turtle is listed as a State Endangered Species in Illinois and in 2013 we began our research. Only the latter is found in Illinois. They inhabit the Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl, Alabama, Brazos, and Escambia river drainage systems. In Asia, turtle is considered a delicacy. They're excellent swimmers and do well in mostly water tanks, with plants and other under water objects. Paired, dark-bordered, white stripes extend across snout to eyes. University of Kansas Publications. Taxonomy. Common Name - Smooth Softshell Turtle Category - Reptiles Scientific Name - Apalone mutica Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Reptilia Order - Testudines Family - Trionychidae Genus - Apalone Species - muticus SubSpecies. Blanding’s Turtles normally dwell in marshes. Relationships among members of Trionychidae, and taxonomy within the clade, are still poorly understood (e.g., Meylan, 1987; Engstrom et al., 2004). The size of this area is 474 m for males and 750 m for young females. As the name suggests, the Smooth Softshell Turtle’s carapace does not have any bumps, ridges, or spines - they are flat and leathery with flexible edges. Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up any tank. It is especially suited for insect hunting. Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata ornata Champaign, IL 61820. The carapaces of the females grow up to 14 inches in length. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Content from Illinois Public Media on Softshell Turtle. Populations appear to be declining in much of the state. Declines of the latter three can be attributed in part to loss of wetlands. Description: Medium-sized (up to 28 cm CL) turtle with tan, brown, or olive carapace with light posterior border. Only the Eastern Spiny Softshell, A. s. spinifera is found in Illinois. It particularly likes rivers with sandy bottoms where you might find it eating fish, mollusks, and crustaceans. We weren’t sure if the turtle had swallowed the hook or … It is the only species of a softshell turtle whose range spans the … Smooth Softshell Turtle. 13 (10): 429-611). Agricultural runoff, siltation, and pollution are probable causes. The Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica) inhabits sandy rivers throughout the Midwest United States. When he found her, she had a fish hook caught in her mouth, but by the time she reached our hospital, the hook was nowhere in sight. This turtle lives exclusively in large rivers. Last week, a concerned fisherman brought this gorgeous softshell turtle to the Wildlife Medical Clinic. They love to bury in sand with just their head exposed waiting to surprise a fish. I investigated the spatial ecology of A. mutica in two reaches of the Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014. Male smooth softshell turtles have thicker tails than females, a trait commonly observed in turtle species. There are two types of soft-shelled turtle in Illinois. Smooth Softshells make very good community turtles. The largest Illinois turtle is the alligator snapping turtle, Macrochelys temminckii. Spiny softshell turtles have a rough carapace with spines along the front edge while, as the name implies, smooth softshell turtles lack such spines. See Key to Illinois Turtles for help with identification. Description: The Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle is a rather plain looking softshell turtle. Illinois Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens spooneri. Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in … The Smooth Softshell differs from the Spiny in being flatter and more circular, and lacking the "spines" on the front of the carapace. They quickly settle in and will swim about their tanks as much as fish. The color will usually range from olive-gray to dark brown. Repair Damage: What to Know Before Making Repairs, Contact an IDNR District Wildlife Biologist, IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). The smallest Illinois turtle is the spotted turtle, Clemmys guttata. It is considered an endangered species in the state of Illinois. It spends most of its time in the water, though on warm days will soak up the sun basking on sandbars. Subspecies: Two subspecies are currently recognized, Gulf Coast Smooth Softshell, A. m. calvata (Webb, 1959) and Midland Smooth Softshell, A. m. mutica. Common Musk Turtle (Stinkpot) Sternotherus odoratus. Keep your eyes open the next time you're near the Mississippi or Wisconsin rivers. It is very easy to recognize these turtles from the smooth appearance of their carapaces. Nomenclatural History: Also referred to as Amyda mutica in older literature. © 2018–2020 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. Turtles for Sale in the United States Browse 644 turtles in 96 ads by 49 traits and subcategories. The Latest News. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). The Smooth Softshell prefers medium-sized to large rivers with moderate to fast flows and Key Characters: Anterior edge of carapace lacking spines or tubercles; snout with rounded tip; nostrils lacking horizontal septal projections. The smooth softshell turtle has a smooth, flexible and leather like carapace that is covered by skin instead of the hard scutes commonly observed in other turtle species. Mississippi Mud Turtle Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis. Unlike most turtles, the smooth softshell turtle has a smooth, leatherlike, flexible carapace and a long, tubular snout. If you don’t know what the species is, click on the text to work through the key. Their name refers both to the leathery skin covering the shell and to the rear portion of the shell that is tough but flexible (Illinois Department of Natural Resources, 2014). Smooth Softshell Turtle Description. Subspecies: Five subspecies are currently recognized in the United States. Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle... Apalone spinifera Eastern spiny softshell turtle... Caretta caretta Loggerhead... Chelonia mydas Green turtle... Chelydra serpentina ... Illinois (23) North Carolina (23) South Carolina (23) Virginia (23) Arkansas (21) Tennessee (21) Maryland (20) The spiny soft-shelled turtle is a regular inhabitant of lakes, ponds, rivers and streams in Southern Illinois. The two parts of the turtle shell are the carapace which includes the vertebrae and ribs and the plastron made up of the clavicles (collar bones) and abdominal ribs. Smooth Softshell Turtle. Compared to other turtle species, the smooth softshell turtles are large. Identification. Smooth softshell turtle care. The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. We thank our field technicians Travis Rus-sell, Lisa LaBudde, and Cassandra Henry for all their help. The photo gallery below provides information about several of the turtles that are found in Illinois. The spiny softshell turtle occurs throughout the state in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, and sand-bottomed rivers. 2001). Original Description: Le Sueur, C.A. Housing the Softshell Turtle . That species is one of six that are classified as “state-endangered,” joining the river cooter, smooth softshell, Illinois mud turtle, Blanding’s turtle, and spotted turtle.

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