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sustainable livelihood approach pdf

The results support the effectiveness of our approach by clearly identifying four groups of countries with emblematic characteristics of the agricultural systems: mature and sustainable, mature but with weak social sustainability, developing withand without clear sustainable objectives. Even if this approach is generally adopted in the literature, several authors have pointed out that productivity does not properly measure sustainability (e.g., [1]), motivating a line of research trying to account for the externalities and the social value of Agriculture in the computation of productivity (see, for example, [3]). The study found that the solar water heaters had a variety of socio-economic impacts such as providing additional monetary savings that could be used towards livelihood strategies and benefits allowing households to spend more time on productive activities. The extensive use of quotes by respected experts juxtaposed with relevant research to counterpoint or lend weight to key concepts; “cheat sheets” that simplify access and reference to individual articles; as well as the grouping of many of the topics under recurrent themes make this book unique. Asia and Pacific region through inclusive economic growth. Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA), in addition to defining the research questions and objectives. take advantage of these, and extend safety nets for those who still cannot achieve their livelihood objectives in a competitive environment. 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. The early part of the paper draws considerably on the work which has been co-ordinated and documented by the DFID Sustainable Livelihoods Support Office, and also the DFID Natural Resource Advisors' Conference (1998) which Its existence underlines the need to give choice and opportunities to the poor and build their ability to. Sustainable Livelihoods from Theory to Conservation Practice 7 Synthesis This section synthesizes the information contained in the annotated bibliography through a review of the sustainable livelihoods approach and a discussion of the potential of the sustainable livelihoods approach to contribute to protected area community research. Appreciative inquiry is a, highly inclusive process that maximizes the positive (as opposed to minimizing the nega-, tive) in which a community takes responsibility for generating and gathering information. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. Vulnerability also linked to poverty.The government's efforts to help lower income households or B40 group before they become poor can reduce the problems of poverty. data and included semi-structured household and key informant interviews. Including communities in co-designed interventions can also ensure sustainability in climate adaptation projects. The Sustainable Development Goals—officially known as "Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development"—are an intergovernmental set of 17 aspirational goals and 169 targets. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a holistic approach that tries to capture, and provide a means of understanding, the fundamental causes and dimensions of poverty without collapsing the focus onto just a few factors (e.g. The outcomes of this research show environmental risks and hazards faced by communities are strongly associated with climate projections. A total of 180 copies of questionnaire were retrieved from the respondents and analysed. The research was conducted in the villages of Bokmakierie, Matiyani, Ha Gumbu, Masisi, They, may also appeal to the development community and people having, The views expressed in this publication are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the, Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the, governments they represent. This project sheds light on sundry related aspects. Sustainable livelihoods in informal settlements Mohammed Ahmed Abdulmoneim Alfiky, 2773694 Email: 1 Introduction The purpose of this essay is to provoke how we can empower people living in the informal settlements through the concept of sustainable livelihoods. Their potentials for showcasing the people and their culture is also a case that cannot be ignored. The findings show that all the vulnerability in Southern Region of Kelantan verified through the aspects of vulnerability economic, social / physical and environmental except three items are EK10 (from economic construct), SF1 (from the social/physical construct) and AS1 (from the environmental construct) are eliminated due to lower factor loading values. The outcome of such service and aftereffects of the resources they are going to deploy in this situation will enhance livelihood assets which, ... SLA serves as an important analytical tool to understand the impacts of marine conservation on livelihood outcomes and assets [4]. which the poor must often make trade-offs and choices about, comprise: mutual understanding and support, formal and informal groups, shared values and behaviors, common rules, and sanctions, collective representation, mechanisms for participation in decision-making, leadership, wildfoodsandbers,biodiversity,environmentalservices, fertilizer, pesticides, traditional technology). In particular, the sustainable livelihoods approach stresses, the importance of understanding institutions by mapping the institutional framework and linking the micro to, the macro and the formal to the informal. Differences between Urban and Rural Contexts 4 3. The sustainable livelihoods approach is only one way of organizing the complex issues that surround poverty. Survey method using questionnaire instrument was conducted for this study. The decline in mopane tree density, vegetation change, Mopane districts, Limpopo Province. People’s livelihoods and the wider availability of assets are fundamentally affected by critical trends as well as by shocks andseasonality – over which they have limited or no control. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS FRAMEWORK VULNERABILITY CONTEXT 2.2 What is the vulnerability context? Revue canadienne d'études du développement = Canadian journal of development studies, Science, Technology and Environmental Politics, Chicago School of Professional Psychology, The Vulnerability Factor Analysis of B40 Household Income Group in the Southern Region of Kelantan using Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Coping with environmental hazards and shocks in Kiribati: Experiences of climate change by atoll communities in the Equatorial Pacific, Multiple outcome analysis of European Agriculture in 2000-2016: a latent class multivariate trajectory approach, Social and Health Dimensions in Museum's Patronage and its Implications for Sustainable Livelihood Lawal, Musediq Olufemi, From open access regime to closed fishing season: Lessons from small-scale coastal fisheries in the Western Region of Ghana, Mopane worm use, livelihoods and environmental change in Limpopo Province, South Africa Masters Dissertation, Livelihood impacts of Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban: Supplementary feed in smallholder dairy farms in Kenya, The socio-economic impacts of solar water heaters compared across two communities: A case study of Cato Manor, Factors Improvement of Sustainable livelihoods from the Perspective of Local People, Case Study: Ardabil County, Knowledge Solutions: Tools, Methods, and Approaches to Drive Organizational Performance, Understand: The Sustainable Development Goals, Sustainable livelihoods and rural development, by Ian Scoones, Back Matter - Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development, Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development. Ensuring livelihood security is an integral part of a sustainable approach to disaster mitigation, but livelihood support is largely ignored in … households and traders. The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. environmental change on mopane worm harvesting in rural households in order to However, it makes the connection between, strategies. e capture and storage. Sustainable Livelihoods in the Urban Setting 9 3.1 Vulnerability 9 3.2 Access to capital assets 17 3.3 Livelihood strategies 26 3.4 Policies, Institutions and Processes (PIPs) 30 4. The vulnerability factor of B40 household income group in the Southern Region of Kelantan is determined through three factors, namely vulnerability of economic, vulnerability of social/physical, and vulnerability of environmental. The SLA contends that urban communities should become planners, initiators and executors of local development in order for any transformation to occur. A holistic understanding of energy use and its impacts on households was gained. 0000007869 00000 n 0000002622 00000 n Assessing the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people and the capacity and opportunities for recovery and increased resilience to future events is an In addition, it tries to sketch out the 0000000016 00000 n purchase, trade, and perform all manner of other functions that affect livelihoods. forms of environmental change which have significantly affected mopane worm availability and outbreak events. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. These Reconstruction and Development Programme houses have been retrofitted with solar water heaters as part of an energy-saving initiative which reduces de-pendency on the grid and provides additional socio-economic benefits to improve the lives of its users. All rights reserved. . Source: Department for International Development of the United Kingdom. 0000008382 00000 n respondents and key informants were identified through snowball sampling techniques. Contact Olivier Serrat, Head of the Knowledge Management Center, Regional and Sustainable Development Department. An anthology of videos, the evolving ADB Sustainable Development Timeline catalogs major sector and thematic landmarks in ADB's operations since 1966. 0000112604 00000 n They are offered as resources to ADB staff. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. The Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) provides identified poor and vulnerable families and individuals the appropriate income-generating opportunities to help improve ... be able to find the most appropriate approach to implementation to achieve program goals. proper acknowledgment of ADB. The results reveal that the seasonal closure has led to four main challenges: restricted access to coastal waters, decreased financial capital, decreased fish trading activities and declining small-scale fisheries opportunities. 0000080898 00000 n Chapter 2 expounds further on the theoretical framework, clarifying the aims, applications and principles of the SLA. They grant or deny access to assets. Instead, it is intended to stimulate readers to reflect on the approach and make their own contributions to its further development. 0000002046 00000 n Seventy of these farms completed the trial and were interviewed post-intervention. • criticaltrends,e.g.,demographic,environmental,economic,governance,andtechnologicaltrends. sustainable livelihoods approach (SL) was used in the context of a study which aimed to identify options for a programme to support rural livelihoods in Cambodia. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of using the C. calothyrsus and S. sesban on family income and livelihoods during the 16-month trial period. without the express, written consent of ADB. %%EOF sustainable livelihoods approach, and also how future transport research might adopt and integrate the ideas embedded in SRL. Only with the detailed results of this work will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of … In addition, this book provides scalable tried-and-tested tools, methods, and approaches for improved organizational effectiveness. Rural livelihoods, food security and rural transformation under climate change 3 Taken together, implementing these elements for action simultaneously would constitute a new approach to innovation and enabling it: co-creating new knowledge, “renovating” existing but as-yet under-utilized scientific and Within the context of the sustainable livelihoods framework, the following findings were sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). It traces the development of modern museums in the colonial period, up to the present and notes the problems and associated difficulties attached to the effective management and funding of museums in Nigeria. the attainment of sustainable livelihood. humandignity,betweenwhichtheremayagainalsobeconict. Land tenure type was found to be the primary determinant of resource management and access regimes in the harvesting areas. 0000107380 00000 n Box: Sustainable Livelihoods Frameworks—Strengths and W, Seeks to understand changing combinations of modes of, livelihood in a dynamic and historical context. Financial capital tends to be the least available livelihood asset of the poor. 0 The Department for International Development's sustainable livelihoods approach . and then forms strategies based on the most positive experiences of the past. 2 3 INTRODUCTION The concept of ‘sustainable rural livelihoods’ 1 is increasingly central to the debate about rural development, poverty reduction and environmental management. This holistic perspective involves taking into account: Context. CARE’s Livelihood Model Figure 4. Main factor vulnerability of economic is loss of main sources of income. Underplays elements of the vulnerability context, Explicitly advocates a creative tension between different levels, of analysis and emphasizes the importance of macro- and, Assumes that capital assets can be expanded in generalized, Acknowledges the need to move beyond narrow sectoral, perspectives and emphasizes seeing the linkages between sectors, Doesnotpayenoughattentiontoinequalitiesofpower, Callsforinvestigationoftherelationshipsbetweendifferent, activities that constitute livelihoods and draws attention to, Underplays the fact that enhancing the livelihoods of one group. The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. better choices. It brings attention to bear on the inherent potential of people in terms of their, skills,socialnetworks,accesstophysicalandnancialresources,andabilitytoinuence, Appreciative inquiry—originally developed as a tool for industry to avoid negative ap-, proaches to problem solving—extends this constructive outlook. While there is a degree of spontaneous adaptation occurring, these problems are insurmountable without solving present challenges in Kiribati, such as access to better technology and markets without becoming over-reliant. Figure 1. 0000003113 00000 n 0000118287 00000 n The high availability of labour from family of the harvesters Based on the conceptual integration of the sustainable livelihoods approach and political ecology insights, a mixed-methods approach was employed consisting of 400 fisherfolk households survey and 42 interviews with key stakeholders. 0000004818 00000 n The significance of mopane worms in the study area is three-fold: it is an important source of food, it is a valuable trading commodity, and it is an intrinsic part of local cultural practices. Muyambo, F, 2017;Yasar, 2016;KESEDAR, 2013, Mustaffa Omar et al, 2012, ... Key livelihood assets were combined and categorised as resources, or capitals; subsequently these are discussed in a 'coping behaviour' context (section 4.2). 0000044594 00000 n Applications A detailed investigation of the living conditions of the target population is the starting point of a development project based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. 0000044168 00000 n Figure: The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Olivier Serrat, All content in this area was uploaded by Olivier Serrat on Sep 30, 2014, is Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Key W, {Excerpt} e sustainable livelihoods approa, help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to s, e sustainable livelihoods approach facilitat, based on the views and interests of those concerned but they ar, such as participatory development, sector-wide approaches, or int, makes the connection between people and the over, social networks, access to physical and nancial res, is article was rst published by the Asian Development Bank (. resulted from family-level and community-wide participation strengthened the social h�b```b``������6�A��X��,&�jh/��Ҥ �X��8�0�8��2�c��U3����H]vg߆f��=" ��k7ˈF�Ifn��0d��R��snUƩʩ`Am��4HM��a�BJ@ 1YIٸ��MK��q���. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members—48 from the, region. environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. As a result, a top-down approach is often adopted in adaptation projects that may not meet the real needs of communities, endangering the long-term sustainability and viability of interventions. %PDF-1.4 %���� UNDP’s approach to promoting sustainable livelihoods Figure 3. 0000005586 00000 n The study drew primarily on secondary The livelihood assets. This study investigated the The research included is particularly useful to knowledge workers engaged in executive leadership; research, analysis, and advice; and corporate management and administration. They were developed in a broad two-year consultation process during which civil society, citizens, academics, scientists, and the private sector of all countries had the opportunity to contribute. The e.g., land and produce, water and aquatic resources, trees and forest products, wildlife, e.g., infrastructure (transport, roads, vehicles, secure shelter and buildings, water supply. Physical and financial capital were found to have greatest threat to It must also be made appropriate to local circumstances and local priorities. the livelihoods of those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority. It helps formulate development, • Conductedinpartnershipwiththepublicandprivatesectors, for actions that are based on the views and interests of those concerned but they are not a, panacea. 0000107415 00000 n The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was portunities and shows how they relate to one another. 0000009740 00000 n In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. Eighty farmers randomly allocated to four groups (nutrition, reproduction, combined nutrition and reproduction, and a comparison group) were enrolled in this study. Dependence on one source of income makes households vulnerable to shock and stress that could potentially affect their lives and difficulties in surviving of life. current significance and contribution of mopane worm harvesting and trading to rural It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. This study investigates the perception of the impacts of a newly introduced seasonal closure on the livelihoods and assets of small-scale coastal fisherfolk in Ghana, as well as the broader issue of local perception of conservation. In this paper, we propose a latent class multivariate trajectory model, which is applied to 31 European countries by considering a set of economic, environmental and social indicators in the period 2000-2016. There has been a global increase in greenhouse gases due to anthropogenic activities such as deforestation and urbanisation. The consideration of the environmental and social dimensions, besides the economic one, is of great importance to highlight both development and sustainability objectives in the evaluation of the agricultural sector. The primary data was collected using questionnaires which yielded qualitative and quantitative data. 0000006923 00000 n Government efforts should focused on group either in rural or urban area. Paper presented at the Sustainable Livelihoods Seminar on 'Private Sector and Enterprise Development', Crown Plaza Hotel, Manchester, UK. Downloads. Museums have been established as a veritable instrument for a virile tourism industry because of advantages inherent in them. 0000001590 00000 n economic issues, food security, etc.). 42 41 Research Tools for SL Analysis in Urban Areas 35 0000111157 00000 n andpracticesthat,inturn,determinethe. One need not yield to pessimism: identifiable trends point to a promising future. suggests human capital is strong. Farms were visited every 1-2 months during the trial to collect data on milk production and feeding practices during the previous day. Communities are currently trying to adapt to challenges, both old and new, with technologies and materials at their. The study fed into the wider process of developing a country strategy paper (CSP). Agroforestry, using C. calothyrsus and S. sesban shrubs can improve household livelihoods if adopted by SDFs in Kenya. is article is available at DigitalCommons@ILR: A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activi-, ties required for a means of living. Various factors have contributed to the vulnerability of household's lower income group. 0000009122 00000 n Copublished by Springer and the Asian Development Bank, the book was made available on open access as well as print on demand in May 2017. ilding post-2015 on the accomplishments of the Millennium Development Goals, but cognizant also of their shortcomings, they combine economic, environmental, and social goals that now apply to all countries. The poverty–environment nexus and associated vicious circles cannot be effectively addressed without active local involvement. ADB encourages printing or copying, information exclusively for personal and noncommercial use with. The goal of policy should be to support existing and develop new livelihood systems. Recently, several challenging objectives besides productivity compatible with the sustainable livelihood framework, ... Efforts here are being made to ensure that museums and archives are accessible and develop their audiences further for other local service providers to be able to use their resources to reach out effectively to everybody in the society. This served as a hindrance for households and limited their income earning potential. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. 0000005091 00000 n The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. The need to address this consequently becomes apt in view of empirical declaration that existing models of sustainable development forged from economic or environmental concern are unlikely to be successful without cultural considerations. 19 November 2001. Households with the lowest 40 percent income (B40) in the Southern Region of Kelantan are faced with multi-dimensions of vulnerability that cause them to be exposed to uncertain risks and jeopardize their lives. Indeed, it is because the poor lack it that the other types of, There is no quick fix for this problem. the “landscape approach”—seeing the need to look beyond individual stands to the larger landscapes in terms of sustainable management, planning, ecosystem services, etc. The study made use of questionnaire and in-depth interview to collect data from the study population. 0000043888 00000 n Limpopo Province, South Africa. ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. This … Bu, In the age of the internet, many think libraries are being destroyed. livelihoods; to gauge the perceptions of harvesters and traders on forms of environmental be effective in the absence of appropriate institutions and processes through which policies can be implemented. Households suffer poverty and are not easily able to access financial resources. This book is a valuable resource for those working in the public, private, and third sectors, both in industrialized and developing countries; it will be of interest in academia too, for instance in Master of Business Administration programs around the world. Urban communities have to change their behaviour and attitudes, be willing to accept change, markets in Thohoyandou, Makhado, Malamulele, Giyani and Elim in the Vhembe and The findings of this research can inform policy and climate change adaptation measures in other similar atoll islands in the Pacific. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 1 2. However, a major challenge associated with conservation initiatives concerns the lack of participation and broader consultation of relevant local resource users, as well as restricted access to vital community resources. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. There was a KES 2,380.3 (USD 23.5) increase in average monthly profit/cow in the nutrition group comparing the first and last 6 months of the trial, representing a 68.8% improvement (p = 0.02). rural areas in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Users are restricted from reselling, redistributing, or creating derivative works for commercial purposes. The sustainable livelihoods approach incorporates a … The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) concept and framework adopted by DFID in the late 1990s (building on work by IDS, IISD, Oxfam and others) have been adapted by different organisations to suit a variety of contexts, issues, priorities and applications. If fisherfolk in sub-Saharan Africa are not sufficiently heard and empowered, drastic measures such as closed seasons are not likely to be effective. Omar et al, 2012; ... Omar et al, 2012;Serrat, 2008;DFID, 1999 AS2 Flood threats in placement household area Yasar, 2016;KESEDAR, 2013;Serrat, 2008 AS3 Threat to plant / livestock disease attack on crop production / livestock. Chambers and Conway’s oft-cited definition is that “a livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in the. It, compels them to look for multiple entry points and to move beyond a homogenous “community” view and a, narrow sectoral perspective. The study area consisted of two low-income communities in South Africa. trailer Use of the sustainable livelihoods concept in development studies The concept of sustainable livelihoods can be usefully applied in development studies, given that it contributes to understanding individuals’ livelihoods and has mainly been utilized for poverty … Sustainable rural livelihoods: A framework for analysis Figure 2. Sustainable Livelihoods: A Framework for Indicator Development Background and Overview Sustainable livelihoods is a systemic and adaptive approach that links issues of poverty reduction, sustainability and empowerment processes (e.g., participation, gender empowerment, and good governance). Vulnerability also means less sense of safety due to external environmental pressures and uncertain risks of households and communities. hp://, e.g., health, nutrition, education, knowledge and skills, capacity to work, capacity to adapt, e.g., networks and connections (patronage, neighborhoods, kinship), relations of trust and. 0000143857 00000 n 0000012538 00000 n The study employed qualitative methods to collect <<1048AC976861EE43B9189F88E2217F02>]/Prev 275308>> It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. It helps formulate development activities that are. The nutrition intervention included nutritional management advice and provision of 150 C. calothyrsus seedlings and 150 S. sesban seedlings to each farm. PEFC is focusing on Sustainable Landscapes for Sustainable Livelihoods and exploring the potential for forest certification to expand its impact and scope Livelihood strategies and outcomes are not just dependent on access to capital assets or constrained by the, vulnerability context; they are also transformed by the environment of structures and processes. 0000001491 00000 n The findings of this study indicated that the historical value placed on mopane worms as a food source and trading commodity has been passed down for generations. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. made. sustainable livelihoods approach. It frees development practitioners, them to look at contexts and relationships so that development activities can become more process-oriented. Asian Development Bank ( This poor patronage was traced to poor appreciation of culture, which inherently has implication on sustainable livelihood and developmental processes. patterns have changed in the last 20 years; to assess access and management of mopane resources under different tenure types; and, to explore mopane worm use in the context of the sustainable livelihoods framework. A sustainable livelihoods approach provides a methodology for policy makers that recognizes, and takes advantage of, the complex nature of livelihood systems. V, external side of shocks, seassonalities, and critical trends; and an internal side of defenselessness caused by lack, of ability and means to cope with these.

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