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william, duke of brunswick

He received an unusually wide and thorough education, overseen by his mother. Despite being over 70 years old, the Duke of Brunswick returned to command the Prussian army at the personal request of Louise, Queen of Prussia.[3]. Brunswick and Hanover should have been rejoined at that time, but Prussia had annexed the kingdom of Hanover in 1866 and now prevented the younger branch of the house of Brunswick from taking up the ducal crown. Only in 1913 was peace sealed with the marriage of prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover to Frederick William II of Prussia appointed him as commander of a 20,000-strong Prussian force which was to invade the United Provinces of the Netherlands (The Dutch Republic). [16] The campaign had taken less than a month. On Christian Louis' death in 1665, George William inherited Lüneburg, and gave Calenberg to his next brother, John Frederick. William died in 1884; he passed on his private possessions to the Duke of Cumberland. Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, was a German prince and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Oels. [1] George William was the father of Sophia Dorothea … [3] The Patriots were out-manoeuvred and overwhelmed: their militias were unable to put up any real resistance, were forced to abandon their insurrection, and many Patriots fled to France.[15]. The (second) son, Prince Georg, is the most ridiculous person imaginable, and so silly that he can never be left alone but is always accompanied by a courtier. [5] The Parliament of Great Britain showed its gratitude by voting him a lump sum of £80,000 and an annual income of £3,000 as a wedding gift. As the heir apparent of a sovereign prince, Charles William Ferdinand received the title of Hereditary Prince (German: Erbprinz). Much of the country was in open revolt against William, whose personal troops were unable to quell the Patriot militias and the various Dutch provinces refused to aid him. The Swedish princess and diarist Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte visited Brunswick in 1799; she described the Duke as "witty, literal and a pleasant acquaintance but ceremonial beyond description. He soon became known as a model sovereign, a typical enlightened despot of the period, characterized by economy and prudence. However, the bill was never introduced in the House of Commons and the divorce was never finalized. His death caused a constitutional crisis for Brunswick that lasted until the accession of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, the son of the Crown Prince of Hanover, in 1913. [citation needed], Charles I died in 1780, at which point Charles William Ferdinand inherited the throne. The proclamation was intended to threaten the French population into submission; it had exactly the opposite effect. Early years. Otto I of Brunswick-Lüneburg (about 1204 – 9 June 1252), a member of the House of Welf, was the first duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1235 until his death. He was cousin, and from 1795 the brother-in-law of George IV, who was Prince Regent of the United Kingdom from 1811. George William Georg Wilhelm (Herzberg am Harz, 26 January 1624 – 28 August 1705, Wienhausen) was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. [11] The Convention Army was kept in captivity until the war ended in 1783. [citation needed], For other people named William of Brunswick, see, Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Grand Cross of the Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau, Wilhelm (Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg; 1806 bis 1884), Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William,_Duke_of_Brunswick&oldid=1001281251, Recipients of the Order of Henry the Lion, Recipients of the House Order of Fidelity, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown (Württemberg), Knights of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Grand Crosses of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, Recipients of the Order of the White Falcon, Grand Crosses of the House and Merit Order of Peter Frederick Louis, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, William Augustus Louis Maximilian Frederick, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 00:50. He was blind and was also excluded from the succession. [20] However Kellerman's forces outflanked him by advancing up the Rhine, recapturing French possessions there. Media in category "Augustus William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. In 1766 they went to France, where they were received by both his allies and recent battlefield enemies with respect. When news spread of a combined Austrian and Prussian army led by Brunswick marching into French soil on the days after the Manifesto was publicized, the Paris populace, already incensed by the threat against the city, exploded into violence. by lodging the prince at Somerset House, instead of one of the royal palaces; not providing him with a military guard; and instructing the servants at the wedding to wear old clothes. Retrouvez Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Both were decisive victories over the French, during which he proved himself an excellent subordinate commander. During the battle he was struck by a musket ball and lost both of his eyes; his second-in-command Friedrich Wilhelm Carl von Schmettau was also mortally wounded, causing a breakdown in the Prussian command. Both contemporaries and historians have praised the Duke's decisive campaign, in which he manoeuvred to concentrate his forces and achieve overwhelming local superiority, before moving on to the next city. His titles are usually shortened to Duke of Brunswick in English-language sources. The future Queen of Sweden, Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, described the ducal family thus: The Duchess is the sister to the King of England and a typical Englishwoman. The couple were second cousins to each other, being great-grandchildren of George I of Great Britain. [10] He was declared incapacitated and was excluded from the succession. After a visit to Naples they returned to Paris, and thence to Brunswick. On two occasions (1806 and 1818–19), her husband made serious efforts to divorce her on grounds of adultery, forming commissions of inquiry to indict her, and after he became king, he in fact caused the House of Lords to pass a bill of divorce citing adultery with an Italian commoner. The hereditary prince's reputation improved throughout, and he became an acknowledged master of irregular warfare. Frederick and Augusta also had three daughters, two of whom reached adulthood. [3] The longest stop on their travels was Rome, where they remained for a long time exploring the antiquities of the city under the guidance of Johann Winckelmann.

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