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bach christmas oratorio in english

Each part is a cantata for 1 of 6 feast days within the 12 days of the Christmas season: The story begins with the birth of Jesus (for Christmas Day). J.S. [71] A new edition has been worked up by Neil Jenkins. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachtsoratorium) BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance during the Christmas season. In the liturgical calendar of the German reformation era in Saxony, the Christmas season started on 25 December (Christmas Day) and ended on 6 January (Epiphany). 33 of the oratorio appears to be based on, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 22:47. It was first performed in the Thomaskirche and Nikolaikirche, Leipzig. Bach (1685-1750) created his Christmas Oratorio during 1734 for performance in church over the ensuing Christmas period. Bach expresses the unity of the whole work within the music itself, in part through his use of key signatures. Part IV is written in F major (the relative key to D minor) and marks the furthest musical point away from the oratorio's opening key, scored for horns. Bach took the majority of the choruses and arias from works which had been written some time earlier. ", Die Melodien der deutschen evangelischen Kirchenlieder, International Music Score Library Project, Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=991808485, Passions and oratorios by Johann Sebastian Bach, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles to be expanded from December 2019, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Schlafe, mein Liebster, und pflege der Ruh, Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage, Blühet, ihr Linden in Sachsen, wie Zedern, Pfui dich, wie fein zerbrichst du den Tempel, Du Falscher, suche nur den Herrn zu fällen, So geht! 38 and 40 which frame the "Echo Aria" ("Flößt, mein Heiland"), no. Evangelista: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit (B minor) 3. On this occasion, however, the parody technique proved to be unsuccessful and Bach composed the aria afresh. John Butt delivers another revelatory performance which propelled this recording onto many of 2016's 'Best of' lists. Bach removed the content for the Third Day of Christmas (December 27), John's Gospel, and split the story of the two groups of visitors—Shepherds and Magi—into two. Part I is written for Christmas Day (December 25). Bach: Christmas Oratorio John Eliot Gardiner , English Baroque Soloists 0.0 / 10 ( 0 voturi) Nota ta: English Conductor Sir John Eliot Gardiner (*1943) found the perfect setting for his recording of J. S. Bach's Christmas Oratorio; the historic Herder Church in Weimar. The first English-language monography on the Christmas Oratorio was published in 2004. The oratorio has 6 parts. The original score also contains details of when each part was performed. [36][37][38] In addition to these sources, the sixth cantata is based on a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a, of which at least the opening chorus is based on the lost secular cantata BWV 1160. Bach composed the six-part “Christmas Oratorio” (“Weihnachts Oratorium”) in 1734 for two Leipzig churches, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas, for which he served as music director. And I sall rock thee in my hert, Each section combines choruses (a pastoral Sinfonia opens Part II instead of a chorus), chorales and from the soloists recitatives, ariosos and arias. Adherents of theories specifying small numbers of performers (even to 'One Voice Per Part') may however choose to use numbers approaching one instrument per named part. It was incorporated within services of the two most important churches in Leipzig, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas. Listen to Bach, J.S. Similar Terms. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=7232722, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. [88] It was a translation of a 2002 Dutch-language study by Ignace Bossuyt [fr; nl].[89]. However, numbers 10, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19 and 21 in Part II call for 2 oboe d'amore and 2 oboe da caccia. Part V is meant to be performed on the Sunday between New Year's Day and, Samantha Owens, Barbara M. Reul, Janice B. Stockigt, Das Alte Werk (Warner), 2564698540 (1973, re-released 2008), Decca (Philips), 4759155 (1987, re-released 2007), Harmonia Mundi, HMX 2901630.31 (1997, re-released 2004), Channel Classics Records, CCS SA 20103 (2003), liturgical calendar of the German reformation era, Sanctus for six vocal parts, BWV 232/III (early version), 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, Late church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach § Christmas to Epiphany, List of chorale harmonisations by Johann Sebastian Bach § BWV 248, Bach's four-part chorales published by Birnstiel, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend, BWV 248 II, Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen, BWV 248 III, Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben, BWV 248 IV, Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde schnauben, BWV 248 VI, Sortable Index of the Chorales by J.S. Markus Rathey's book is the first thorough study of this popular masterpiece in English. (Sound, you drums!) The six cantatas which comprise the oratorio were designed for Christmas Day and the two following days, the Feast of the Circumsion, the Sunday after New Year and the Feast of the Epiphany. Parts Part I. 巴赫康塔塔《尊主颂》指挥:哈农库特 勋伯格合唱团 - Magnificat BWV 243 - Nikolaus Harnoncourt Parts I and III are similarly scored for exuberant trumpets, while the Pastoral Part II (referring to the Shepherds) is, by contrast, scored for woodwind instruments and does not include an opening chorus. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part Four - For New Year's Day - No.38 Rezitativ (Baß): "Immanuel, o süßes Wort" Arioso (Chor-Sopran, Baß): "Jesu, du mein liebstes Leben"-"Komm ich will dich mit Lust umfassen" von Nancy Argenta & Olaf Bär & English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner The author of the text is unknown, although a likely collaborator was Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander). Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part Four - For New Year's Day - No. For the 1723–24 Christmas season, during his first year as musical director of Leipzig's principal churches: Christmas Day: repeat performance of BWV 63, For the 1724-25 Christmas season, as part of his. Part V is written for the Sunday after New Year's Day. [40], Like for most of his German-language church music, Bach used Lutheran hymns, and their Lutheran chorale tunes, in his Christmas Oratorio. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit" da Anthony Rolfe Johnson and English … The Christmas Oratorio is a particularly sophisticated example of parody music. The date is confirmed in Bach's autograph manuscript. Chorales. (T) Evangelist And there were shepherds in that very region in the field nearby their sheepfolds, who kept their watch by night over their flocks. Ausgabe, "Ein weiterer Kantatenjahrgang Gottfried Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire? Part III is written for the third day of Christmas (December 27). Also 26 and 27 December (second and third day of Christmas) were commonly considered feast days, with festive music in church. 39 in part IV. All three of these oratorios to some degree parody earlier compositions. Bach abandoned his usual practice when writing church cantatas of basing the content upon the Gospel reading for that day in order to achieve a coherent narrative structure. The … Prepare thy creddil in my spreit, The instruments used in part VI are the same as part I. 64, closing chorale of Part VI). The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachts-Oratorium) is a musical composition written by Johann Sebastian Bach. [PDF] + Video - Choir and Orchestra - Baroque * License : Public Domain - 6 Parts/Days, 64 pieces : I. Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage (Cantata for Christmas Day) 1. In the Christmas Oratorio, Bach took virtually every solo from sacred music he had composed earlier and combined them with other choruses and instrumentals that were both new and old. In Germany, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is the seasonal equivalent to the English-speaking world’s Messiah. To reinforce this connection, between the beginning and the end of the work, Bach re-uses the chorale melody of Part I's "Wie soll ich dich empfangen" in the final chorus of Part VI, "Nun seid ihr wohl gerochen"; this choral melody is the same as of "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden", which Bach used five times in his St Matthew Passion. Following the huge success of 2015's Magnificat & Christmas Cantata, Dunedin Consort releases its eagerly awaited follow up, Bach's Christmas Oratorio. The first part (for Christmas Day) describes the Birth of Jesus, the second (for December 26) the annunciation to the shepherds, the third (for December 27) the adoration of the shepherds, the fourth (for New Year's Day) the circumcision and naming of Jesus, the fifth (for the first Sunday after New Year) the journey of the Magi, and the sixth (for Epiphany) the adoration of the Magi. [46], Martin Luther's 1539 "Vom Himmel hoch, da komm ich her" melody appears in three chorales: twice on a text by Paul Gerhardt in Part II of the oratorio, and the first time, in the closing chorale of Part I, with the 13th stanza of Luther's hymn as text. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.1 Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. is believed to be from a similarly lost source, and the chorus from the same section "Wo ist der neugeborne König" is from the 1731 St Mark Passion, BWV 247. Zu ruhn in meines Herzens Schrein, The date is confirmed in Bach's autograph manuscript. J.S. The instruments used in part III are the same as part I. The Christmas Oratorio is by far the longest and most complex work of the three.[1]. If a Sunday fell between 27 December and 1 January, also on this first Sunday after Christmas a church service with music was held, and similar for a Sunday between 1 and 6 January (second Sunday after Christmas, or: first Sunday after New Year). It was written for the Christmas season of 1734 and incorporates music from earlier compositions, including three secular cantatas written during 1733 and 1734 and a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a. John Sebastian Bach's Christmas Oratorio, composed in 1734, both reflects this new piety and conveys the composer's experience living through this tumult during his own childhood and early career. The Gospel text included by Bach in his six Christmas Oratorio cantatas consists of: The Gospel readings for the Third Day of Christmas (Prologue of the Gospel of John), and for the Sunday after New Year (the Flight to Egypt) are not directly used in the Christmas Oratorio. It was preceded by Advent, and followed by the period of the Sundays after Epiphany. Clocking in at well over three hours of music, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is rarely heard in full in the UK. The instruments used in part II are 2 horns, 2 oboes, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. The piece is often presented as a whole or split into two equal parts. First Sunday after Christmas (31 December): First Sunday after Christmas (30 December 1725): The chorale melody used in No. The oratorio has 6 parts. The music represents a particularly sophisticated expression of the parody technique, by which existing music is adapted to a new purpose. The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. First full-length English study of Bach’s Christmas Oratorio published. The ease with which the new text fits the existing music is one of the indications of how successful a parody the Christmas Oratorio is of its sources. Most of this music was 'secular', that is written in praise of royalty or notable local figures, outside the tradition of performance within the church.[1]. The instruments used in part I are 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes (each player also plays an oboe d'amore), 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. Bach then embarks upon a journey back to the opening key, via the dominant A major of Part V to the jubilant re-assertion of D major in the final part, lending an overall arc to the piece. J.S. Part IV is written for New Year's Day (January 1). Tweet on Twitter. It may have even been the case that the Christmas Oratorio was already planned when Bach wrote the secular cantatas BWV 213, 214 and 215, given that the original works were written fairly close to the oratorio and the seamless way with which the new words fit the existing music.[70]. Like for his other oratorios, and his Passion settings, Bach employed a narrative based on the Gospel in his Christmas Oratorio. In his German-language church music, Bach uses Lutheran chorale melodies. Coro: Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf preiset die Tage (D major) 2. » Im Forum nach Christmas Oratorio [J S Bach and gen ] fragen: Recent Searches. [43][44][45] The first chorale tune appears in the 5th movement of Part I: it is the tune known as Herzlich tut mich verlangen, that is, the same hymn tune which Bach used in his St Matthew Passion for setting several stanzas of Paul Gerhardt's "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden" ("O Sacred Head, Now Wounded"). As can be seen below, the work was only performed in its entirety at the St. Nicholas Church. By. Dass ich nimmer vergesse dein! J.S. was almost certainly intended to be set to the music of the chorus "Lust der Völker, Lust der Deinen" from BWV 213, given the close correspondence between the texts of the two pieces. Each part is performed for a certain day in the Christmas season. Mastered from original tapes and pressed on 180g vinyl Includes artist photos and liner notes in English and German. It included at least three feast days that called for festive music during religious services: apart from Christmas (Nativity of Christ) and Epiphany (Visit of the Magi) the period also included New Year's Day (1 January), in Bach's time still often referred to as the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ. Parts I and III are written in the keys of D major, part II in its subdominant key G major. Examples: for his 1973 recording, The different types of oboes referred to above are mostly called for at different points in each section. J.S. The oratorio was written in 1734. Every locale of even modest size produces it, the audience seems to be virtually humming along. Mach dir ein rein sanft Bettelein, Some of the music is based from Bach's other works. The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. Christmas Oratorio II 1 (10). Until 1999 the only complete English version of the Christmas Oratorio was that prepared in 1874 by John Troutbeck for the music publisher Novello. The Gospel narrative of this oratorio followed, to a certain extent, the respective Gospel readings of the church services where the six cantatas of the Christmas Oratorio were to be performed for the first time. Listen to J. S. Bach: Christmas Oratorio by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: I Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: II Evangelist: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. English Translation in Interlinear Format Cantata BWV 248/1 - Shout for joy, exult, rise up, glorify the day Christmas Oratorio I: Event: Cantata for Christmas Day Readings: Epistle: Titus 2: 11-14 / Isaiah 9: 2-7; Gospel: Luke 2: 1-14 Text: Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander); Paul Gerhardt (Mvt. 7 of part I ("Er ist auf Erden kommen arm") and even more ingeniously in the recitatives nos. The Christmas Oratorio is exceptional in that it contains a few hymn settings, or versions of hymn tunes, for which there is no known earlier source than Bach's composition:[49][50], There are very few known hymn tunes by Bach (he used Lutheran hymn tunes in the large majority of his sacred compositions, but rarely one of his own invention): apart from what can be found in the Christmas Oratorio, there appears to be one, partly inspired by a pre-existing melody, in the motet Komm, Jesu, komm, BWV 229 (composed before 1731–32),[56] and at least one entirely by Bach, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, in Schemellis Gesangbuch (published in 1736).[57]. The edition has not only a title—Weihnachts-Oratorium—connecting together the six sections, but these sections are also numbered consecutively. Mastered from original tapes and bach christmas oratorio in english on 180g vinyl Includes artist photos liner. 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