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siliguri corridor is also known as

It has 5-6 usual rides with a mini Ropeway also. [13][50] Males constitute 51.44% of the population and females 48.55%. [174] Ewam India Buddhist Monastrey is 11 km (6.8 mi) from Siliguri and is placed in the lap of nature near Bengal safari. In response to this, India too had made up its mind to face China with complete preparation. This board will take care of the civic utilities of the city till the new municipal body is elected. The Siliguri subdivision is surrounded by Himalayan ranges towards north and towards south by the country Bangladesh, Uttar Dinajpur district of West Bengal and the Indian state of Bihar. This is one of the few airports in India with zero sales tax on aviation turbine fuel. The width of the corridor is less than 20km, with Nepal and Bangladesh on either side. [152] Bikash Ghosh Memorial Swimming Pool is beside Kanchanjunga stadium in the city, which conducts swimming competitions. When Sikkim became an Indian state in 1975, India gained a strategic edge to keep an eye on China in the Suniti Valley in the east of India. [17], The "Siliguri Corridor" was formed when Bengal was divided into West Bengal and East Pakistan (later Bangladesh) in 1947, with Sikkim later merging with India in 1975. During 1962, China tried to approach Siliguri Corridor from Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) after its capture and also showed its presence across Sikkim as well. Today is a very special day for India and Bangladesh. Strategically, it is the Achilles heel in the defence of almost 2,000 km of borders in the NE states with China and Myanmar. [175] The ISKCON temple in the city, also known as Sri Sri Radha Madhav Sundar Mandir locally, is one of the biggest Krishna centres in the North-Eastern region of India. The strategically vulnerable Indian states border Tibet in the north and are connected to India’s main parts by the thin Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, near Bangladesh. This road is a cause of concern for India. The humidity in air is high throughout the year. And, this issue can never be desirable in India. [62], Siliguri is part of the Darjeeling Lok Sabha constituency. Also known as Donglang or Dolam, the plateau belongs to Bhutan. These forests are categorised by their dominating plant species such as 1) East Himalayan Sal Forest present on the lower slopes of Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary contains Sal, Khair, Simul, Sissoo, Riverine grasslands and various rare species of plants like Orchids 2) East Himalayan Upper Bhabar Sal mainly present at Jalpaiguri district which is characterised by dense population of Microstegium chiliatum, Sal i.e. The city is surrounded by dense forests towards north and lifeline of Siliguri, Mahananda River flows through the city thereby bisecting it into two-halves. Through the Siliguri Corridor runs a roads and railway network to the north east and troops deployed in the north east are entirely dependent on the corridor for logistic supplies. With China coming so close, the threat to India was also increased because if China comes here then it will be able to keep an eye on India. [21], Siliguri located at the foothills of the eastern Himalayas at a location of 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43. According to Major General (Retd) Anbi Jaini, India’s position in this area is quite strong. When India protested and Chinese troops were prevented from building the road, the result was that China increased its military base there.]. [176] The Sevoke Kali temple is an ancient temple on the banks of Teesta river close to the Coronation Bridge.This temple dedicated to Maa Kali, the Goddess of Destruction. Cataract, also known as "Motibindhu" in Hindi and "Chani" in Bangla is the one of the biggest reason of avoidable blindness in North Bengal. [39] Winters are mostly dry, with the summers being rainy. It is located conveniently, connecting four international borders i.e. This corridor is spread over a radius of about 22 km. [169][170] The Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary is located 13 km (8.1 mi) away from Siliguri on the foothills of the Himalayas, between Teesta and Mahananda.The sanctuary spans over 159 km2 (61 sq mi) of reserve forest. On the east lies Jalpaiguri district and Kalimpong district and bounded on the west by the country of Nepal, thus strategically so important.[27]. The Jaldapara National Park, situated on the banks of the Torsa river, is a prime attraction of Siliguri. [50][7] There are 154 notified and 31 non-notified slums in Siliguri, with 32% of Siliguri's population staying in them. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. [171], There are some important Hindu and Buddhists monuments in and around the city. [33][34][35][36] By the way, the highest temperature ever recorded in Siliguri is 41.7 °C, was recorded on 15 April 1952, while the lowest was recorded on 8 January 2018, when the mercury plummeted to 1.9 °C.[37][38]. [178] It also has various joy rides like adrenaline junkies, sky train, break dance, go-carting, and artificial bulls. [60], The term of the last elected body of Siliguri Municipal Corporation got over on 7 May, but municipal elections could not be held because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The temperature in summer sometimes exceeds 35 °C. Geographically Northeast India is at a slight disadvantage as the connectivity is very limited. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor. Some of the important sports enthusiast local clubs in Siliguri organise several cricket, football, volleyball, swimming competition, TT matches etc. For easy exportation they introduced the Siliguri Town railway station which stands to this day, and introduced the Toy train from the station to Darjeeling in 1880. Siliguri Corridor 1- It is also known as Chicken's neck and is a narrow stretch of 22 km. Siliguri touched 46.83% of population growth rate in 1981–1991. S.A.I or Sports Authority of India in Kanchenjunga Stadium conducts football and athletics. As it became a point of transit with Darjeeling hills and Nepal mainland. This route is known as the Siliguri Corridor commonly known as Chicken’s Neck. This could allow China to rapidly mobilise and deploy troops thereby threatening the Siliguri corridor. First recognized in 1947, the Siliguri Corridor is located in a region between India, Bangladesh and Nepal. Siliguri (Bengali: [ˈʃiliguɽi] ()) is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.Known as The Gateway of Northeast India, Siliguri is popular for three Ts - tea, timber and tourism. It is known as the commercial centre of North Bengal. Today is a very special day for India and Bangladesh. The corridor, also known as the “Chicken’s Neck,” is a stretch that is around 50km long and lies between North Dinajpur and Darjeeling districts of Bengal. The controversy that was raised by China in the year 2017 was due to unauthorized construction of road near India and in Bhutan’s neighborhood. Actually, this entire corridor is a gateway to the eastern Rajas of India. Due to shuttling of migratory birds, the Pakhibitan sanctuary was established here. This corridor is spread between Nepal, Bhutan and Chhattisgarh. The growth rate of Siliguri was 57.8% during 1971- 1981, considering this growth, Siliguri came under Integrated Urban Development Project program in 1981. Wikimedia Commons The Chicken’s Neck — also known as the Siliguri Corridor — is a narrow strip of land, 24 kilometers (15 mi) in width separating India from its northeast states. [23][24][25][26] [55] The major religious festivals celebrated by Bengali Hindus are Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Saraswati Puja, Lokkhi Puja, and Dol Jatra, and for Bengali Muslims the major religious festivals are Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha. The corporation now has 23 departments. The Member of Legislative Assembly representing Siliguri Vidhan Sabha Constituency is Ashok Bhattacharya, who was the mayor of Siliguri concurrently and is presently the Chairperson of the Board of Administrator as well.[64][65]. Department of Municipal Affairs", "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Cities having population 1 lakh and above-sex ratio", "Siliguri- the gateway to the northeast India", "Earthquake jolts Sikkim and part of Darjeeling", "7.9 magnitude earthquake effected Siliguri heavily", "38 cities in India fall in high risk earthquake zones", "Heatwave likely to trouble people of Siliguri for few more days", "শীতে কাঁপছে উত্তরবঙ্গ, শিলিগুড়িতে পারদ নামল ৩ ডিগ্রিতে", "রেকর্ড পতন পারদের, কোথায় তাপমাত্রা কত? Due to its location near Darjeeling hills and Sikkim, Bagdogra airport sees thousands of tourists annually. Situated in the Jalpaiguri and Siliguri districts of West Bengal, Siliguri is a city known as the Gateway to North-East India. Siliguri Corridor which is 60 km long and 22 km wide in our Incredible India is known as the Chicken’s Neck which connects the North-Eastern states of India with the other parts of our country. Siliguri is located ideally in Siliguri Corridor (Chicken’s neck), which is a thin strip of land connecting the Mainland of India with the north east of India. # Know about the Siliguri Corridor # strategic importance of Chicken Neck # India-Bangladesh-Bhutan-Nepal # siliguri corridor create after partition of Bengal # Train starts between Haldibari-Chailahati # HPJagranSpecial # HPCommonManIssues # News # National News Until the 19th century this region was called as "Shilchaguri" when there was dense Dolka forest covering the area. A treaty between India and China for trade through Nathu La Pass, has expedited development and prospects of Siliguri as an international transportation and logistics hub. The Siliguri Corridor came into being unconstrained after the partition of Bengal in 1947. [11] It is located on the banks of the Mahananda River at the foothills of the Himalayas. Note that the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir is divided between India, China, and Pakistan (the colored areas represent the parts which are not under control of India). [172] The ideal tranquil location for meditation was established by Tibetan monks and followers of Dalai Lama. Particularly on Thursday at the city summit between Harski PM Modi and Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina Wajid. [51] Siliguri City comes under Siliguri Jalpaiguri Planning Area and the responsibility of planning and development of the city lies with Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor. ", "রেকর্ড শীত সমতলে, শিলিগুড়ির পারদ নামল ১.৯ ডিগ্রিতে", "প্রবল বৃষ্টিতে ভাসছে উত্তরবঙ্গ, কার্যত বৃষ্টিহীন দক্ষিণ", "Good Monsoon rains in Siliguri and Jalpaiguri", "ভাসছে উত্তর, বৃষ্টির প্রতীক্ষায় দক্ষিণবঙ্গ", "Regional Meteorological Department, Kolkata", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Siliguri, India Metro Area Population 1950-2020", "City Development Plan for Siliguri – 2041", "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Town level", "West Bengal Official Language Act, 1961", "SILIGURI : AN URBAN STUDY IN SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS", "People Governance and development a study of Siliguri Municipal corporation area", "Siliguri Municipal Corporation :: About Us", "West Bengal municipal corporation result 2015: Trinamool Congress wins 70 municipalities including KMC, BJP fails", "Civic election results: CPM trumps TMC in Siliguri, but Mamata Banerjee retains supremacy", "Mamata govt. It is located on the banks of the Mahananda River at the foothills of the Himalayas. Of the 30 wards in 2001, their population varied between 11.71% to 98.96%. The dispute lasted for about 72 days. Unlike earlier, when Doctor would suggest you to wait till the Cataract becomes mature, today with newer scientific development and surgical advances Ophthalmologists suggests early Cataract surgery as soon as Cataract reaches an operable stage. This riverine trade line was thus used by the Bhutanese and Sikkimese to bring goods into their mainland. [52], Bengalis form the majority linguistic group in the city, followed by Biharis, Marwaris, Punjabis, Nepalis, Odias, and Tribals. The corridor is the only route that connects Indian mainland with the north eastern states. The airport also has regular helicopter services to Gangtok. It connects India with the North-Eastern states. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. [14], Siliguri has great strategic importance in West Bengal. The Siliguri Corridor was created in 1947 after the partition of Bengal between India and Pakistan (former state of East Bengal, now independent Bangladesh). [19] Keeping in mind the importance of Siliguri, in 1951, the Assam rail link was established with newly made (1949) Meter gauge Siliguri Junction railway station. A quirk of South Asian political geography the Siliguri Corridor has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the Northeastern states. [173] Sed-Gyued monastrey is located near Salugara monastery. 12) The northeastern part of India is connected to the Indian mainland by a narrow stretch of land called Chicken’s Neck (also known as Siliguri Corridor). [105], Siliguri hosts numerous sporting events and matches to influence and build up young athletes from the city. Siliguri originates the century-old Hill Cart Road that is NH 110 which connects Siliguri and Darjeeling[76] (77 km) made in British period. The merging of the two cities make them the largest metropolis of the region. now Saktigarh, southern part of city, on the bank of Mahananda River. The Indian Army considering its own strategic interests due to the proximity of this area to Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, and a friendly neighbour's concerns had intervened to stop the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) advance in Sharsingma or Yatung valley. The corridor, also known as the ‘Chicken’s Neck’, is a 22-km wide major arterial road connecting mainland India with its northeastern states and thus it is a highly sensitive area for China. Importance. Due to China’s aggression, India deployed its tanks on the high peaks of the region. It is also known as Chicken neck. China’s presence here can develop into a major security threat for India in the long run. [20], Due to tremendous growth, Siliguri is now far away from its past outlook, becoming the largest and fastest growing city in eastern India after Guwahati. Recently[when?] Treaty of Sugauli in 1815 signed between Britain-Nepal, changed the prospect of Siliguri. the ratio of sand and silt is much higher than clay. @2020 - nationalchronicle.in. Siliguri Corridor. It is also known as the gateway of northeast India (NE). A multiplex, kids zone, restaurant are also there. Accept Read More. The “Chicken’s Neck”, also known as the Siliguri Corridor, is a small area of land that has been the center of a regional controversy in Asia for more than 50 years. In the year 2017, the Doklam dispute also took place with the intention of occupying the chicken neck. Importance. David Mould. The earliest form of local urban governance as a Sanitation Committee set up in 1915. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. Geographically Northeast India is at a slight disadvantage as the connectivity is very limited. Needless to say, as a model of development in North Bengal, China would also like to build its own economic and security ‘exclusive zone’ there. Being the gateway to the north-east India, the Corridor is a hub of rail and road network connecting the Mainland India with the Seven Sister States in the north-east, namely; Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Mizoram. In 1994, the municipal council was upgraded to the Siliguri Municipal Corporation with 47 wards. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library Map Center, CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited, Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority, Sikkim Nationalised Transport Bus Terminus (Siliguri), Sikkim Nationalised Transport Bus Terminus(Siliguri), Siliguri-Aluabari broad gauge single line, New Jalpaiguri-Alipurduar-Samuktala Road Line, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy Government College, North Bengal Medical College and Hospital, Surendra Institute of Engineering & Management, "Siliguri-The gateway of Northeast India", "West Bengal Govt. [180][181] The Hong Kong market is known as the Chandni Chowk of Northeast India, a street market with a variety of shops popping out on the alleyways. Surendra Institute of Engineering and Management. These forests are also home of about 243 different bird species like the pied hornbill, egret, kingfisher, drongo, fly catcher, woodpecker and others. Till 1921, most aspects of local governance in Darjeeling district, including Siliguri, was looked after by the Darjeeling Improvement Fund. The Siliguri corridor, a narrow passage to India’s eight north-eastern (NE) states, is a perennial threat to our security. This corridor is spread over a radius of about 22 km. Rapid growth of city causing deforestation, making Siliguri warmer day by day and unbalancing the ecosystem. The average rainy days in July is 27 and for December and January it is 1. [28] The temperature of the hottest month, August is 28.5 °C. [13] It lies 35 kilometres west of its twin city, Jalpaiguri. The Chicken's Neck–also known as the Siliguri Corridor—is a narrow strip of land, 24 kilometers (15 mi) in width separating India from its northeast states. In summer, the temperature varies from a minimum of 18-22 °C to a maximum of 26-32 °C. Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary near Siliguri is famous for elephants. Based on Census data of 2011, the population of Siliguri UA/Metropolitan is 701,489, while the population in the Municipal area is 2,94,546. The corridor joining the rest of the mainland India with Northeast is called the Chicken’s Neck. [179], North Bengal Science Centre, established in 1997, is the only science sentre of North Bengal.The main attractions are Digital Planetarium, Science Shows, 3D Theater, Taramandal Shows, science galleries and a green Science Park. Throughout its 450-mile course southwest across Assam, it is fed by tributaries from ... navigable for most of its length, is a major transportation highway, but also a barrier to north-south commerce. The forest here is moist Tropical and characterised by dense growth of tall Sal i.e. The minimum temperature in winter season sometimes drops 5 °C or below. Buried in the Himalayas in the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's neck, Chinese and Indian military forces sit on the respective sides of their vague borders and entrench themselves for what could become a shooting war between nuclear powers. Over the years, Siliguri has become famous for its products such as tea and timber and also an important commercial and connecting hub. Siliguri and surrounding Sub-Himalayan forests are rich in fauna diversity, the plains of North Bengal (Siliguri, Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar etc.) The park is a great place for fun and leisure. Now, with China’s ongoing attempts to construct a paved road, which can carry vehicles up to 50 tonnes, this grazing patch is turning into a dagger pointed at the Siliguri corridor, also known as ‘Chicken’s Neck’. The Siliguri Corridor is a strategic region in the foot hills of Himalayan region, connecting India with Northeastern States. Importance. After the amendment of the act in 1956, 3/4 of the local representatives were elected, while the remaining nominated by the Deputy Commissioner. Particularly on Thursday at the city summit between Harski PM Modi and Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina Wajid. This means that from there, China will be able to keep a close eye on India and especially the Siliguri corridor. [177], Siliguri also offers amusement and water parks to tourists and locals. China, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. The strategically vulnerable Indian states border Tibet in the north and are connected to India’s main parts by the thin Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, near Bangladesh. 1815 onwards, Siliguri started growing rapidly as a small city due to its strategic convenience of trade. After few years in 1961 all these stations were connected with broad gauge New Jalpaiguri Junction railway station which later became the most important railway station in Northeast India. this stadium is all set to get a facelift. It is also known as the gateway of northeast India (NE). If completed, it will shorten the distance for the Chinese army towards India’s strategically vulnerable ‘ Chicken's Neck ’ area—the Siliguri Corridor . The last elections for the Lok Sabha took place in 2019, when Raju Bista from Bharatiya Janta Party won the seat. [61] A Board of Administrators was established with the outgoing mayor, Ashok Bhattacharya, as the Chairperson. The threat to the Siliguri corridor (also known as Chicken’s Neck) is perennial as China has continued its overt road and airstrip construction activities on its side of the border. 2- It is located in West Bengal and connects India's North-East states to the rest of the country. [54], The most commonly followed religion in Siliguri is Hinduism, with Islam being the largest minority religion, followed by small percentage of adherents of Christianity and Buddhism. Siliguri: Trafficking and consumption patterns of heroin are also witnessing strong impact of Covid 19 lockdown.The change, as observed by United Nations research study, is now surfacing along Siliguri Corridor.The infamous drug trafficking route that runs through the districts of northern West Bengal with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan or Tibet at stone throw distance. Dreamland Amusemet Park, located near Fulbari, 12 km (7.5 mi) from Siliguri junction, is an agricultural land converted in a fun house. For the past couple of years, the Union government has been focussing on the connectivity infrastructure in north Bengal, particularly through and beyond the Siliguri corridor, which is also known as Chicken’s Neck. About 80% of the annual rainfall is felt between June to September, this period is known as monsoons or rainy season in the season cycle. [103][104] Recently in 2014–15, air traffic at Bagdogra crossed 1 million for the first time with 43.6% growth rate. [63] The last elections to the West Bengal Vidhan Sabha took place in 2016. These forests are home of various rare and common species of plants. Siliguri has now achieved the status of becoming the 2nd largest metropolitan city in West Bengal, after Kolkata. This railway line between the two countries is also special because it is the latest of the Siliguri Corridor, which we also know as Chicken Neck. India’s width is the thinnest in the corridor with China, … This route is known as the Siliguri Corridor commonly known as Chicken’s Neck. A quirk of South Asian political geography the Siliguri Corridor has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the Northeastern states. A quirk of South Asian political geography has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the North-Eastern states: the Siliguri Corridor. [68] Each ward in the city has its own Solid Waste Management committee that takes care of cleanliness at the ward level. Central government of India confirmed customs airport status to this airport in 2002 with limited international operations. This rail service is being started after a long wait of 5 decades. Another common sight is migratory water birds.[74]. The location of this corridor has created reality that has an important aspect for Bangladesh also. Savin Kingdom is an amusement and water park which is located near Dagapur in Siliguri. Delhi’s strategic nightmare Like most of the borders in South Asia, the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, is a cartographic relic of the British decolonization process. It is fundamentally a part of the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary, spread over an area of 700 acres. Siliguri is renowned for being the training grounds of table tennis players. It offers mild to medium trekking challenges at some points. Shorea robusta. This follows the establishment of similar boards first in state capital Kolkata and then the rest of the state. These sub-Himalayan forests are the home of various types of wild animals like the elephant, tiger, Indian bison, barking deer, wild pig, monkey, civet, snake, lizard, mountain goat, sambar, chetal and fishing cat. Chicken Neck’s strategic timing is quite high. Sal occupies about 80% of all vegetation in these tropical forest. The highways NH 327, that connects Siliguri — Panitanki and NH 327B connecting Panitanki - Mechi Bridg, are also part of AH2. Being the gateway to the north-east India, the Corridor is a hub of rail and road network connecting the Mainland India with the Seven Sister States in the north-east, namely; Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Mizoram. Being a transportation hub,[84] Siliguri is well connected through railway with almost all parts of the country. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor.

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