W;��/ƪ��}��f%K�ˆ�I��&��V!ߋ���ȀQO�tӠ(4w3W����B4�$����a|i�iZd�×$+d�.�otUi��`i!�A4`���`������� ��c%�(�G�hO Py��TU��@"��i�����"N�U��� ���Q�d�|�Ս�l�q���0��=m]��q|w���D����@��Zm����0.�*8�02�z������ͧ�v? (Exercises) endobj endobj endobj 456 0 obj endobj 140 0 obj This type of analysis simply compares one or more datasets to determine their consistency with one another. endobj Such techniques can involve a statistical test called correlation, wh… (CRAN) 276 0 obj 296 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.1) >> 428 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode endobj 116 0 obj (Verification: Computing Phylogenetic GLS "by hand") << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.2) >> 377 0 obj Using simulated epidemic data we assess the performance of 7 commonly-used statistical methods to estimate R 0 as they would be applied in a real-time outbreak analysis scenario – fitting to an increasing number of data points over time and with varying levels of random noise in the data. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.5) >> 420 0 obj 356 0 obj �o �R �Hj�K�_�A&�� z ���!e0�����x$���&T�����_u�`a��o�˖� 1��\9a\��⼓�#`'���7.���D��~��*?�Z�H����5]̾�ŦS�0:ί@J&�bx�Hܑ+w��i�jAG�����G�{�!�zا�H�1��z�*O7C����E�lH�����x����G�Lqa�cS��2�o��/�s7޼�ѿ��h���Q� Let’s take another example. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.5) >> << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.10) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.1) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.4) >> h�b```f``2a`a``���ǀ |[email protected]� 256 0 obj Mathematical statistics. 469 0 obj endobj Intell. 236 0 obj 197 0 obj endobj 495 0 obj << 472 0 obj endobj 112 0 obj 473 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.4) >> 237 0 obj 506 0 obj << endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.4) >> (picante) << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.3) >> %���� 260 0 obj /D [494 0 R /XYZ 72 713.446 null] 169 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.3.2) >> Jie Li, Zhuo Chen, Yadong Wang. endobj 396 0 obj (Phylobase) endobj It involves eight steps: (1) formulate a problem, (2) conceptualize variables, (3) make hypotheses, (4) establish a sample, (5) operationalize concepts, (6) gather data, (7) analyze data to test hypoth- eses, … endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.4.1) >> (Building the package) 49 0 obj endobj ∞ Schneider, C.Q. 240 0 obj /Resources 504 0 R (Getting help) (The Workhorse Functions of Data Manipulation) endobj 224 0 obj 449 0 obj 149 0 obj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.4) >> (Creating Objects) 104 0 obj endobj 69 0 obj (painting regimes on trees) (Description File) endobj (Distributing the package) 493 0 obj (S4 Classes) (R packages) 228 0 obj ����1��SB�>� 2�q�!�+��2Y_y_�K��|��p|A\E+H~� ���(�$7�[email protected]�d�~�=B��(��B�jGZ��D��^��b8��-Khv���A�5��+�wگ��0����r�C3���n�8S�Zۃo�ɧ�`*�h 105 0 obj Glaser and Strauss (1967) suggest that when used to generate theory, the comparative analytical method they describe can be applied to social units of any size. (Why use comparative methods \(and a bit about how they work\)) 289 0 obj endobj The QCA analysts interprets the data qualitatively whilst also looking at … endobj 364 0 obj Comput. 52 0 obj (Exercises) 28-52) describe it, this process involves: 129 0 obj 309 0 obj 77 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.5) >> /D [505 0 R /XYZ 72 733.245 null] (Merging) Incidents or data are compared to other incidents or data during the process of coding. 313 0 obj endobj Hence, comparative statistical analysis is less interested intheuniquequalityofthecasesunderstudy(countries,systems,orcultures)and /Parent 503 0 R endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.3) >> 497 0 obj << 433 0 obj /Type /Page 124 0 obj QCA Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is a means of analysing the causal contribution of different conditions (e.g. (Other Packages Available For Comparative Analysis) 284 0 obj endobj endobj 76 0 obj endobj 145 0 obj 148 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.1) >> (RGL graphics) 21 0 obj 288 0 obj (Branch lengths drawn from a common distribution) 273 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.2) >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] 184 0 obj 300 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.1.6.1) >> endobj 115 0 obj <> endobj aspects of an intervention and the wider context) to an outcome of interest. endobj endobj 161 0 obj 481 0 obj (Raw data to "curated" data) << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.3) >> 89 0 obj endobj 460 0 obj 465 0 obj Lately, it has increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation (M&E). endobj 229 0 obj endobj 152 0 obj endobj Set-theoretic methods for the social sciences: A guide to qualitative comparative analysis. (Simple Comparative Analyses in R) >> endobj Case Study: Juvenile Court Records Case Study: Mental Health System. << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.2) >> 189 0 obj 25 0 obj 220 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.2) >> 88 0 obj endobj 180 0 obj endobj /Contents 496 0 R 441 0 obj endobj 498 0 obj << endobj 436 0 obj endobj 452 0 obj (Treewalking) (Fitting models) << /S /GoTo /D (section.3.1) >> It is used mostly by data scientists. 505 0 obj << 173 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.6) >> endobj /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] << /S /GoTo /D (section.2.2) >> %PDF-1.4 Factor Analysis. 321 0 obj (Saving your work as R scripts) 337 0 obj endobj (Using ape) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.2.1) >> (Getting statistics by species and sex) << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.9) >> 393 0 obj endobj (geiger) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.4) >> 257 0 obj (Finding package specific help) 368 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.6) >> /Font << /F20 500 0 R >> 345 0 obj 185 0 obj /Length 64 141 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.15) >> (Computer Requirements and Installing R) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.2) >> endobj stream << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.5) >> 380 0 obj Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), developed by Charles Ragin in the 1970s, was originally developed as a research methodology. 268 0 obj C. Data analysis techniques. endobj endobj (The Notion of Reproducible Results) endobj 204 0 obj 308 0 obj 165 0 obj (Writing Simple Packages by Jason Pienaar and Marguerite Butler) (System Commands by Brian O'Meara) 269 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.6) >> (Directories and File organization) 4. 232 0 obj 68 0 obj endobj x�3PHW0Pp�r Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Workarounds for broken code) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.4) >> 417 0 obj 369 0 obj 336 0 obj (What is an object?) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.2) >> 213 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.2) >> 85 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.3) >> endobj endobj 56 0 obj endobj (Going from one format to another) endstream endobj In these situations, I use comparative analysis as a data collection workaround. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.2) >> endobj 432 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.1) >> endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.14) >> endobj Combining Qualitative Methods Combining Qualitative. 349 0 obj endstream endobj startxref << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.2) >> endobj 285 0 obj (Bivariate ouch) 317 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.1) >> These include the operationalization and measurement of qualitative variables (construct validity), the heuristic identi‹cation of new variables or hypotheses, the examination of potential causal mechanisms within particular cases or contexts, the historical explanation of cases, and the incorporation of complex relations like equality and path depende… endobj 440 0 obj (Stochastic Simulations) 73 0 obj 129 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<208E40575AB8E4428FDACCD7CF34077A>]/Index[115 26]/Info 114 0 R/Length 74/Prev 118815/Root 116 0 R/Size 141/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 389 0 obj (Divergence Times and Rates of Evolution) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.1) >> 376 0 obj endobj 344 0 obj /Parent 503 0 R (phylo \(ape 1.9 or above\)) This will help you prepare well for the course and attend it properly. If a consistency is found between the datasets, then it adds support to a scientific claim. endobj Method comparison was also conducted on empirical outbreak data, using Zika surveillance data … /Contents 506 0 R 494 0 obj << endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.2) >> 128 0 obj endobj endobj (Stangle) endobj 188 0 obj endobj 177 0 obj QCA is a methodology that enables the analysis of multiple cases in complex situations, and can help explain why change & Wagemann, C. (2012). << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.4) >> endobj 137 0 obj (Tree and Data Formats) endobj endobj analysis employs statistical techniques, such as regression analysis or analysis of variance. << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.1) >> Comparative-Historical Methods. 485 0 obj endobj (Exercises) >> ... network analysis methods into two types, namely, structural 280 0 obj (2020) Using Topic Modeling Methods for Short-Text Data: A Comparative Analysis. 292 0 obj (phylo4 \(phylobase\)) << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.3) >> 225 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.6) >> Inlarge-Nstudies,scholarsnolongerusetheoreticallyjustifiedpurposivesamples but larger-sized samples. endobj 253 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.5) >> I. Anderson, Sharon, 1948- 11. @c�l��-�0���(��M�Þ���`77�kg�n�}V}��\]0B�|���-?Lv.zd�����(!�ad�0�I���s�>����C�nbb�@K����'_K$Ғ)b-I5Q����I�qX�چ���@_� u�E���է�ݯ����tu�o�/a�?o��7�iچ{�̀�""煮���1���_���$M��=m��~���o��|�m9�xm�O�Y��8���r6�8-�c�=��u|�vh���W�a��#� nZ� 476 0 obj (hansentree and ouchtree methods) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.1) >> The three-dimensional architecture of chromatin in the nucleus is important for genome regulation and function. 64 0 obj endobj 264 0 obj (Checking the entire package) Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Main entry under title: Statistical methods for comparative studies. 312 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.13) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.16) >> (Creating Binaries) endobj 61 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.3) >> 461 0 obj (Using phylobase) endobj endobj (Sort by species and sex) endobj Case study methods have considerable comparative advantages relative to statistical methods or formal models (Goodrick, 2014). << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.3) >> 304 0 obj Contents, Construction Methods, Data Resources, and Functions Comparative Analysis of Bacteria Databases . endobj Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) offers a new, systematic way of studying configurations of cases. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.12) >> (Newick) 33 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.2) >> endobj (Brownian motion model) endobj endobj 92 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.1) >> endobj 96 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.3) >> (Example: Generating a set of trees with simulated branch lengths) 212 0 obj endobj endobj 241 0 obj endobj 101 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.3) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.8.1) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.2.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.3.2) >> 437 0 obj 357 0 obj (Reading in fixed width format) 9 0 obj xڍU�n�0��+x�X�H�"u��$M8-Z��؊�"�?��K�,��L���阕,f���tpq+-�1OS�����X�Xi����6����8���m�6��5�&(�(�E0)pj�aa$�`�5.�A�@��טa�����|/;-���T��~ M�[email protected]� ��JDYn�f�N ��''��-4�*D�� G�:��)�ټ�5�E/n-�x���q"���\Ʃ/ �*}�1�p)M;�J- 3:42. 457 0 obj endstream Quantitative research methods – focus on statistical approaches and qualitative methods are based on content analysis, comparative analysis, grounded theory, and interpretation. endobj (Introduction to OU Models) After the collection of raw data, there has to be an analysis of this data to derive statistical inferences from this research. (ouch) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.3.1) >> 388 0 obj 45 0 obj endobj endobj endobj 100 0 obj (Reshaping R Objects) endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.2) >> (The Data) (Combining the data into one file) 208 0 obj QA276.S783 001.4'22 79-27220 endobj (Accessing help) endobj 172 0 obj Case Study: Housing Loss in Group Homes. << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.5) >> 37 0 obj endobj 44 0 obj 468 0 obj endobj endobj 93 0 obj Welcome to this massive open online course (MOOC) about Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). Although this method ofgenerating theory is a continuously growing process- each stageafter a time is transformed into the next- earlier stages do remainin operation simultaneously throughout the analysis and eachprovides continuous development to its succes… endobj The comparative method may be contrasted with the method of internal reconstruction in … endobj endobj endobj h�bbd``b`�[email protected]�$�`� @1 �t+�J�@\�L+Hp��۵L� F����Y� �� Qualitative Comparative Analysis Case-Oriented Understanding. (Ordering Data) 489 0 obj 216 0 obj The contant comparative method is a method for analyzing data in order to develop a grounded theory. endobj The CLSI EP09-A3 standard also defines … It is important to relate the results to the objective of research and establish the statistical relevance of results. (Bibliography) 181 0 obj endstream endobj 116 0 obj <> endobj 117 0 obj <> endobj 118 0 obj <>stream (All about trees by Brian O'Meara) In statistics, qualitative comparative analysis is a data analysis technique for determining which logical conclusions a data set supports. 60 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.7) >> 196 0 obj 132 0 obj (Correlated Evolution) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.2.1) >> 84 0 obj 453 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.7) >> Data aggregation and summarization methods from the field of visual analytics can provide abstracted comparative views, suitable for sifting large multi-genome datasets to identify critical similarities and differences. 248 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.3.1) >> 425 0 obj and Quantitative Methods. (Adding variables to the data) 365 0 obj /Resources 495 0 R endobj 464 0 obj endobj endobj 445 0 obj endobj (Course Directory Organization) /Filter /FlateDecode 252 0 obj QCA starts with the documentation of the different configurations of conditions associated with each case of an observed outcome. 496 0 obj << endobj 484 0 obj >> endobj School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, China (Cross-platform compatibility) >> endobj (Running simple comparative analyses using ape: or a tour through R using phylogenetic examples) (Methods dispatch) 16 0 obj endobj (Documentation) endobj 209 0 obj endobj There are several methods of doing comparative analysis and Tilly (1984) distinguishes four types of comparative analysis namely: individualizing, universalizing, variation-finding and encompassing (p.82). 53 0 obj 20 0 obj 424 0 obj 168 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.1) >> (ouchtree) x�ݘIs�6����. endobj (Phylogenetic GLS) endobj (Variations of the OU Model --- Brian?) endobj 157 0 obj (Ancestral Reconstruction Methods) H�\S�n�0��+x��ZeI�w�2��bh��2� �J�!��i��%�Ű _d�||��W�����l�Q���7���� �Y`�D)u��BJ[As���`a��Z��ˊ�>��MF�n�*4��/�x�E�<. endobj (No Correlations) endobj endobj 12 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.6) >> 156 0 obj (Tree objects) (Exercises) Artif. (Sweave -> LaTeX) �I[�'�p>54O�i����l���"a������̓� endobj endobj 404 0 obj (Help! 0 endobj endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D [494 0 R /Fit ] >> The analysis begins with listing and counting all the combinations of variables observed in the data set, followed by applying the rules of logical inference to determine which descriptive inferences or implications the data supports. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.18) >> endobj (comparative methods R help) endobj endobj Despite the shortcomings of each of these tolerance analysis methods, each may be used to provide reasonable results under certain circumstances. 392 0 obj 325 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.13.0.6) >> 324 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.4) >> endobj 397 0 obj endobj (general R help) %PDF-1.5 %���� endobj stream Front. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.11) >> >> 65 0 obj 531 0 obj << endobj 448 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.3) >> endobj (Moving through the directories) 261 0 obj endobj (Wiley series in probability and mathematical statistics) Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. 444 0 obj �m ��;��cz7M�����{���u��p�R�1O)��@�fΣ:�O�^��)))��X� `n�H��?��9��˴`��m�/�f/�ī�*���㧉@��{�؟����g0 �-U� endobj endobj Through a comprehensive comparison of these methods, this paper will offer some recommendations for selecting the best method to use for a given tolerance accumulation problem. Also, secondary data needs to be integrated in data analysis in a logical and unbiased manner. endobj endobj endobj (S3 vs. S4 Objects) endobj We shall describe in four stages the constant comparativemethod: (1) comparing incidents applicable to each category, (2)integrating categories and their properties, (3) delimited thetheory, and (4) writing the theory. 265 0 obj endobj endobj endobj /Length 1171 Title: Bias reduction. 164 0 obj endobj endobj 372 0 obj 244 0 obj 233 0 obj 41 0 obj endobj endobj 40 0 obj 136 0 obj Knowing what your competitors provide and not provide is always better than guessing on your own. 29 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.8) >> 361 0 obj endobj Once temperature datasets are collected in digital format, comparative analysiscan be applied. endobj 297 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section*.4) >> 340 0 obj 381 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.5) >> (Exercises) 193 0 obj /Length 680 << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.1) >> 13 0 obj endobj 293 0 obj endobj It will also help you determine if the course offers the knowledge and skills you are looking for. endobj Offered by Erasmus University Rotterdam. << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.6) >> 412 0 obj (Accessing Internal Elements of S4 Objects) endobj (Getting trees into R) (Simple Sweave) 416 0 obj Advanced high-throughput sequencing-based methods have been developed for capturing chromatin interactions (Hi-C, genome-wide chromosome conformation capture) or enriching for those involving a specific protein (ChIA-PET, chromatin interaction analysis … /Font << /F28 499 0 R /F20 500 0 R /F8 501 0 R /F37 502 0 R >> endobj 221 0 obj endstream endobj 119 0 obj <>stream << /S /GoTo /D (section.16.1) >> endobj 488 0 obj endobj 341 0 obj endobj endobj endobj endobj 360 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.1.6.2) >> (Object example: A Medieval Video Game \(remember Dungeons and dragons?\)) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.3) >> endobj QCA is used in comparative research and when using case-study research methods. 332 0 obj (Comparative Methods in R References) endobj (The OU Model for Comparative Analysis) endobj endobj 205 0 obj ��w32P04Գ455RIS07R076�321UIQ��0Ҍ ��2�[email protected]�]C� Q�D 320 0 obj (Vignettes) endobj endobj 28 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.3) >> endobj 480 0 obj (phylo4d) (Best Practices) endobj /Type /Page 144 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.2) >> endobj %%EOF endobj Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is a complement to inferential statistics. 109 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.8.2) >> within the social sciences. 80 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.3) >> endobj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] (Some Useful Features) endobj Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is an analytic technique grounded in set theory that allows for a detailed analysis of how causal conditions contribute to … (S3 Classes) endobj endobj 409 0 obj 97 0 obj endobj stream endobj endobj 117 0 obj (General R References) We introduce a software system for visual analysis of comparative genomics data. (Preliminaries) and Useful References) Set-theoretic methods for the social sciences: A guide to qualitative comparative analysis. 329 0 obj 108 0 obj A comparative analysis of data mining methods in predicting NCAA bowl outcomes. >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.4) >> endobj 492 0 obj endobj While sequential presentations of descriptive data are undoubtedly informative about the cases concerned they are only comparative in the weak sense of Book Of Mormon Lineage Chart, Inflatable Costumes Target, Mca In Graphic Era University, Dehradun, Craftsman Versastack Deep Tool Box, The Simple Life, Harvest Dark Elf Blood, Safari Serena Song, Beaverhead County Health Department, Make A Grown Man Cry Lyrics, "> W;��/ƪ��}��f%K�ˆ�I��&��V!ߋ���ȀQO�tӠ(4w3W����B4�$����a|i�iZd�×$+d�.�otUi��`i!�A4`���`������� ��c%�(�G�hO Py��TU��@"��i�����"N�U��� ���Q�d�|�Ս�l�q���0��=m]��q|w���D����@��Zm����0.�*8�02�z������ͧ�v? (Exercises) endobj endobj endobj 456 0 obj endobj 140 0 obj This type of analysis simply compares one or more datasets to determine their consistency with one another. endobj Such techniques can involve a statistical test called correlation, wh… (CRAN) 276 0 obj 296 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.1) >> 428 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode endobj 116 0 obj (Verification: Computing Phylogenetic GLS "by hand") << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.2) >> 377 0 obj Using simulated epidemic data we assess the performance of 7 commonly-used statistical methods to estimate R 0 as they would be applied in a real-time outbreak analysis scenario – fitting to an increasing number of data points over time and with varying levels of random noise in the data. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.5) >> 420 0 obj 356 0 obj �o �R �Hj�K�_�A&�� z ���!e0�����x$���&T�����_u�`a��o�˖� 1��\9a\��⼓�#`'���7.���D��~��*?�Z�H����5]̾�ŦS�0:ί@J&�bx�Hܑ+w��i�jAG�����G�{�!�zا�H�1��z�*O7C����E�lH�����x����G�Lqa�cS��2�o��/�s7޼�ѿ��h���Q� Let’s take another example. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.5) >> << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.10) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.1) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.4) >> h�b```f``2a`a``���ǀ |[email protected]� 256 0 obj Mathematical statistics. 469 0 obj endobj Intell. 236 0 obj 197 0 obj endobj 495 0 obj << 472 0 obj endobj 112 0 obj 473 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.4) >> 237 0 obj 506 0 obj << endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.4) >> (picante) << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.3) >> %���� 260 0 obj /D [494 0 R /XYZ 72 713.446 null] 169 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.3.2) >> Jie Li, Zhuo Chen, Yadong Wang. endobj 396 0 obj (Phylobase) endobj It involves eight steps: (1) formulate a problem, (2) conceptualize variables, (3) make hypotheses, (4) establish a sample, (5) operationalize concepts, (6) gather data, (7) analyze data to test hypoth- eses, … endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.4.1) >> (Building the package) 49 0 obj endobj ∞ Schneider, C.Q. 240 0 obj /Resources 504 0 R (Getting help) (The Workhorse Functions of Data Manipulation) endobj 224 0 obj 449 0 obj 149 0 obj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.4) >> (Creating Objects) 104 0 obj endobj 69 0 obj (painting regimes on trees) (Description File) endobj (Distributing the package) 493 0 obj (S4 Classes) (R packages) 228 0 obj ����1��SB�>� 2�q�!�+��2Y_y_�K��|��p|A\E+H~� ���(�$7�[email protected]�d�~�=B��(��B�jGZ��D��^��b8��-Khv���A�5��+�wگ��0����r�C3���n�8S�Zۃo�ɧ�`*�h 105 0 obj Glaser and Strauss (1967) suggest that when used to generate theory, the comparative analytical method they describe can be applied to social units of any size. (Why use comparative methods \(and a bit about how they work\)) 289 0 obj endobj The QCA analysts interprets the data qualitatively whilst also looking at … endobj 364 0 obj Comput. 52 0 obj (Exercises) 28-52) describe it, this process involves: 129 0 obj 309 0 obj 77 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.5) >> /D [505 0 R /XYZ 72 733.245 null] (Merging) Incidents or data are compared to other incidents or data during the process of coding. 313 0 obj endobj Hence, comparative statistical analysis is less interested intheuniquequalityofthecasesunderstudy(countries,systems,orcultures)and /Parent 503 0 R endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.3) >> 497 0 obj << 433 0 obj /Type /Page 124 0 obj QCA Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is a means of analysing the causal contribution of different conditions (e.g. (Other Packages Available For Comparative Analysis) 284 0 obj endobj endobj 76 0 obj endobj 145 0 obj 148 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.1) >> (RGL graphics) 21 0 obj 288 0 obj (Branch lengths drawn from a common distribution) 273 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.2) >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] 184 0 obj 300 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.1.6.1) >> endobj 115 0 obj <> endobj aspects of an intervention and the wider context) to an outcome of interest. endobj endobj 161 0 obj 481 0 obj (Raw data to "curated" data) << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.3) >> 89 0 obj endobj 460 0 obj 465 0 obj Lately, it has increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation (M&E). endobj 229 0 obj endobj 152 0 obj endobj Set-theoretic methods for the social sciences: A guide to qualitative comparative analysis. (Simple Comparative Analyses in R) >> endobj Case Study: Juvenile Court Records Case Study: Mental Health System. << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.2) >> 189 0 obj 25 0 obj 220 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.2) >> 88 0 obj endobj 180 0 obj endobj /Contents 496 0 R 441 0 obj endobj 498 0 obj << endobj 436 0 obj endobj 452 0 obj (Treewalking) (Fitting models) << /S /GoTo /D (section.3.1) >> It is used mostly by data scientists. 505 0 obj << 173 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.6) >> endobj /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] << /S /GoTo /D (section.2.2) >> %PDF-1.4 Factor Analysis. 321 0 obj (Saving your work as R scripts) 337 0 obj endobj (Using ape) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.2.1) >> (Getting statistics by species and sex) << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.9) >> 393 0 obj endobj (geiger) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.4) >> 257 0 obj (Finding package specific help) 368 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.6) >> /Font << /F20 500 0 R >> 345 0 obj 185 0 obj /Length 64 141 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.15) >> (Computer Requirements and Installing R) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.2) >> endobj stream << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.5) >> 380 0 obj Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), developed by Charles Ragin in the 1970s, was originally developed as a research methodology. 268 0 obj C. Data analysis techniques. endobj endobj (The Notion of Reproducible Results) endobj 204 0 obj 308 0 obj 165 0 obj (Writing Simple Packages by Jason Pienaar and Marguerite Butler) (System Commands by Brian O'Meara) 269 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.6) >> (Directories and File organization) 4. 232 0 obj 68 0 obj endobj x�3PHW0Pp�r Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Workarounds for broken code) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.4) >> 417 0 obj 369 0 obj 336 0 obj (What is an object?) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.2) >> 213 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.2) >> 85 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.3) >> endobj endobj 56 0 obj endobj (Going from one format to another) endstream endobj In these situations, I use comparative analysis as a data collection workaround. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.2) >> endobj 432 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.1) >> endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.14) >> endobj Combining Qualitative Methods Combining Qualitative. 349 0 obj endstream endobj startxref << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.2) >> endobj 285 0 obj (Bivariate ouch) 317 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.1) >> These include the operationalization and measurement of qualitative variables (construct validity), the heuristic identi‹cation of new variables or hypotheses, the examination of potential causal mechanisms within particular cases or contexts, the historical explanation of cases, and the incorporation of complex relations like equality and path depende… endobj 440 0 obj (Stochastic Simulations) 73 0 obj 129 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<208E40575AB8E4428FDACCD7CF34077A>]/Index[115 26]/Info 114 0 R/Length 74/Prev 118815/Root 116 0 R/Size 141/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 389 0 obj (Divergence Times and Rates of Evolution) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.1) >> 376 0 obj endobj 344 0 obj /Parent 503 0 R (phylo \(ape 1.9 or above\)) This will help you prepare well for the course and attend it properly. If a consistency is found between the datasets, then it adds support to a scientific claim. endobj Method comparison was also conducted on empirical outbreak data, using Zika surveillance data … /Contents 506 0 R 494 0 obj << endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.2) >> 128 0 obj endobj endobj (Stangle) endobj 188 0 obj endobj 177 0 obj QCA is a methodology that enables the analysis of multiple cases in complex situations, and can help explain why change & Wagemann, C. (2012). << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.4) >> endobj 137 0 obj (Tree and Data Formats) endobj endobj analysis employs statistical techniques, such as regression analysis or analysis of variance. << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.1) >> Comparative-Historical Methods. 485 0 obj endobj (Exercises) >> ... network analysis methods into two types, namely, structural 280 0 obj (2020) Using Topic Modeling Methods for Short-Text Data: A Comparative Analysis. 292 0 obj (phylo4 \(phylobase\)) << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.3) >> 225 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.6) >> Inlarge-Nstudies,scholarsnolongerusetheoreticallyjustifiedpurposivesamples but larger-sized samples. endobj 253 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.5) >> I. Anderson, Sharon, 1948- 11. @c�l��-�0���(��M�Þ���`77�kg�n�}V}��\]0B�|���-?Lv.zd�����(!�ad�0�I���s�>����C�nbb�@K����'_K$Ғ)b-I5Q����I�qX�چ���@_� u�E���է�ݯ����tu�o�/a�?o��7�iچ{�̀�""煮���1���_���$M��=m��~���o��|�m9�xm�O�Y��8���r6�8-�c�=��u|�vh���W�a��#� nZ� 476 0 obj (hansentree and ouchtree methods) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.1) >> The three-dimensional architecture of chromatin in the nucleus is important for genome regulation and function. 64 0 obj endobj 264 0 obj (Checking the entire package) Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Main entry under title: Statistical methods for comparative studies. 312 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.13) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.16) >> (Creating Binaries) endobj 61 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.3) >> 461 0 obj (Using phylobase) endobj endobj (Sort by species and sex) endobj Case study methods have considerable comparative advantages relative to statistical methods or formal models (Goodrick, 2014). << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.3) >> 304 0 obj Contents, Construction Methods, Data Resources, and Functions Comparative Analysis of Bacteria Databases . endobj Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) offers a new, systematic way of studying configurations of cases. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.12) >> (Newick) 33 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.2) >> endobj (Brownian motion model) endobj endobj 92 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.1) >> endobj 96 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.3) >> (Example: Generating a set of trees with simulated branch lengths) 212 0 obj endobj endobj 241 0 obj endobj 101 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.3) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.8.1) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.2.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.3.2) >> 437 0 obj 357 0 obj (Reading in fixed width format) 9 0 obj xڍU�n�0��+x�X�H�"u��$M8-Z��؊�"�?��K�,��L���阕,f���tpq+-�1OS�����X�Xi����6����8���m�6��5�&(�(�E0)pj�aa$�`�5.�A�@��טa�����|/;-���T��~ M�[email protected]� ��JDYn�f�N ��''��-4�*D�� G�:��)�ټ�5�E/n-�x���q"���\Ʃ/ �*}�1�p)M;�J- 3:42. 457 0 obj endstream Quantitative research methods – focus on statistical approaches and qualitative methods are based on content analysis, comparative analysis, grounded theory, and interpretation. endobj (Introduction to OU Models) After the collection of raw data, there has to be an analysis of this data to derive statistical inferences from this research. (ouch) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.3.1) >> 388 0 obj 45 0 obj endobj endobj endobj 100 0 obj (Reshaping R Objects) endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.2) >> (The Data) (Combining the data into one file) 208 0 obj QA276.S783 001.4'22 79-27220 endobj (Accessing help) endobj 172 0 obj Case Study: Housing Loss in Group Homes. << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.5) >> 37 0 obj endobj 44 0 obj 468 0 obj endobj endobj 93 0 obj Welcome to this massive open online course (MOOC) about Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). Although this method ofgenerating theory is a continuously growing process- each stageafter a time is transformed into the next- earlier stages do remainin operation simultaneously throughout the analysis and eachprovides continuous development to its succes… endobj The comparative method may be contrasted with the method of internal reconstruction in … endobj endobj endobj h�bbd``b`�[email protected]�$�`� @1 �t+�J�@\�L+Hp��۵L� F����Y� �� Qualitative Comparative Analysis Case-Oriented Understanding. (Ordering Data) 489 0 obj 216 0 obj The contant comparative method is a method for analyzing data in order to develop a grounded theory. endobj The CLSI EP09-A3 standard also defines … It is important to relate the results to the objective of research and establish the statistical relevance of results. (Bibliography) 181 0 obj endstream endobj 116 0 obj <> endobj 117 0 obj <> endobj 118 0 obj <>stream (All about trees by Brian O'Meara) In statistics, qualitative comparative analysis is a data analysis technique for determining which logical conclusions a data set supports. 60 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.7) >> 196 0 obj 132 0 obj (Correlated Evolution) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.2.1) >> 84 0 obj 453 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.7) >> Data aggregation and summarization methods from the field of visual analytics can provide abstracted comparative views, suitable for sifting large multi-genome datasets to identify critical similarities and differences. 248 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.3.1) >> 425 0 obj and Quantitative Methods. (Adding variables to the data) 365 0 obj /Resources 495 0 R endobj 464 0 obj endobj endobj 445 0 obj endobj (Course Directory Organization) /Filter /FlateDecode 252 0 obj QCA starts with the documentation of the different configurations of conditions associated with each case of an observed outcome. 496 0 obj << endobj 484 0 obj >> endobj School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, China (Cross-platform compatibility) >> endobj (Running simple comparative analyses using ape: or a tour through R using phylogenetic examples) (Methods dispatch) 16 0 obj endobj (Documentation) endobj 209 0 obj endobj There are several methods of doing comparative analysis and Tilly (1984) distinguishes four types of comparative analysis namely: individualizing, universalizing, variation-finding and encompassing (p.82). 53 0 obj 20 0 obj 424 0 obj 168 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.1) >> (ouchtree) x�ݘIs�6����. endobj (Phylogenetic GLS) endobj (Variations of the OU Model --- Brian?) endobj 157 0 obj (Ancestral Reconstruction Methods) H�\S�n�0��+x��ZeI�w�2��bh��2� �J�!��i��%�Ű _d�||��W�����l�Q���7���� �Y`�D)u��BJ[As���`a��Z��ˊ�>��MF�n�*4��/�x�E�<. endobj (No Correlations) endobj endobj 12 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.6) >> 156 0 obj (Tree objects) (Exercises) Artif. (Sweave -> LaTeX) �I[�'�p>54O�i����l���"a������̓� endobj endobj 404 0 obj (Help! 0 endobj endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D [494 0 R /Fit ] >> The analysis begins with listing and counting all the combinations of variables observed in the data set, followed by applying the rules of logical inference to determine which descriptive inferences or implications the data supports. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.18) >> endobj (comparative methods R help) endobj endobj Despite the shortcomings of each of these tolerance analysis methods, each may be used to provide reasonable results under certain circumstances. 392 0 obj 325 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.13.0.6) >> 324 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.4) >> endobj 397 0 obj endobj (general R help) %PDF-1.5 %���� endobj stream Front. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.11) >> >> 65 0 obj 531 0 obj << endobj 448 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.3) >> endobj (Moving through the directories) 261 0 obj endobj (Wiley series in probability and mathematical statistics) Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. 444 0 obj �m ��;��cz7M�����{���u��p�R�1O)��@�fΣ:�O�^��)))��X� `n�H��?��9��˴`��m�/�f/�ī�*���㧉@��{�؟����g0 �-U� endobj endobj Through a comprehensive comparison of these methods, this paper will offer some recommendations for selecting the best method to use for a given tolerance accumulation problem. Also, secondary data needs to be integrated in data analysis in a logical and unbiased manner. endobj endobj endobj (S3 vs. S4 Objects) endobj We shall describe in four stages the constant comparativemethod: (1) comparing incidents applicable to each category, (2)integrating categories and their properties, (3) delimited thetheory, and (4) writing the theory. 265 0 obj endobj endobj endobj /Length 1171 Title: Bias reduction. 164 0 obj endobj endobj 372 0 obj 244 0 obj 233 0 obj 41 0 obj endobj endobj 40 0 obj 136 0 obj Knowing what your competitors provide and not provide is always better than guessing on your own. 29 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.8) >> 361 0 obj endobj Once temperature datasets are collected in digital format, comparative analysiscan be applied. endobj 297 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section*.4) >> 340 0 obj 381 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.5) >> (Exercises) 193 0 obj /Length 680 << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.1) >> 13 0 obj endobj 293 0 obj endobj It will also help you determine if the course offers the knowledge and skills you are looking for. endobj Offered by Erasmus University Rotterdam. << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.6) >> 412 0 obj (Accessing Internal Elements of S4 Objects) endobj (Getting trees into R) (Simple Sweave) 416 0 obj Advanced high-throughput sequencing-based methods have been developed for capturing chromatin interactions (Hi-C, genome-wide chromosome conformation capture) or enriching for those involving a specific protein (ChIA-PET, chromatin interaction analysis … /Font << /F28 499 0 R /F20 500 0 R /F8 501 0 R /F37 502 0 R >> endobj 221 0 obj endstream endobj 119 0 obj <>stream << /S /GoTo /D (section.16.1) >> endobj 488 0 obj endobj 341 0 obj endobj endobj endobj endobj 360 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.1.6.2) >> (Object example: A Medieval Video Game \(remember Dungeons and dragons?\)) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.3) >> endobj QCA is used in comparative research and when using case-study research methods. 332 0 obj (Comparative Methods in R References) endobj (The OU Model for Comparative Analysis) endobj endobj 205 0 obj ��w32P04Գ455RIS07R076�321UIQ��0Ҍ ��2�[email protected]�]C� Q�D 320 0 obj (Vignettes) endobj endobj 28 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.3) >> endobj 480 0 obj (phylo4d) (Best Practices) endobj /Type /Page 144 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.2) >> endobj %%EOF endobj Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is a complement to inferential statistics. 109 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.8.2) >> within the social sciences. 80 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.3) >> endobj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] (Some Useful Features) endobj Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is an analytic technique grounded in set theory that allows for a detailed analysis of how causal conditions contribute to … (S3 Classes) endobj endobj 409 0 obj 97 0 obj endobj stream endobj endobj 117 0 obj (General R References) We introduce a software system for visual analysis of comparative genomics data. (Preliminaries) and Useful References) Set-theoretic methods for the social sciences: A guide to qualitative comparative analysis. 329 0 obj 108 0 obj A comparative analysis of data mining methods in predicting NCAA bowl outcomes. >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.4) >> endobj 492 0 obj endobj While sequential presentations of descriptive data are undoubtedly informative about the cases concerned they are only comparative in the weak sense of Book Of Mormon Lineage Chart, Inflatable Costumes Target, Mca In Graphic Era University, Dehradun, Craftsman Versastack Deep Tool Box, The Simple Life, Harvest Dark Elf Blood, Safari Serena Song, Beaverhead County Health Department, Make A Grown Man Cry Lyrics, ">

comparative data analysis methods

(Branch lengths drawn from normal distributions with separate means) 301 0 obj endobj (phylo4) << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.6) >> endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.1) >> 153 0 obj 353 0 obj h޼U[O�0�+~����I�R[(�4�"�@��Z�͔K� ��|�8�r�i�\�;������r���"�=2DC�G���Q N���'��G�xڙ��@�x�#B��#�(���1�TyUǻt%a��f���C|z��b�*@�bj2jD��d�^ӪT�!IljpHa�Z�7���V�T��D�+1.�l2��\�)`u��.��g�7R��x�N�sD����N> W;��/ƪ��}��f%K�ˆ�I��&��V!ߋ���ȀQO�tӠ(4w3W����B4�$����a|i�iZd�×$+d�.�otUi��`i!�A4`���`������� ��c%�(�G�hO Py��TU��@"��i�����"N�U��� ���Q�d�|�Ս�l�q���0��=m]��q|w���D����@��Zm����0.�*8�02�z������ͧ�v? (Exercises) endobj endobj endobj 456 0 obj endobj 140 0 obj This type of analysis simply compares one or more datasets to determine their consistency with one another. endobj Such techniques can involve a statistical test called correlation, wh… (CRAN) 276 0 obj 296 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.1) >> 428 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode endobj 116 0 obj (Verification: Computing Phylogenetic GLS "by hand") << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.2) >> 377 0 obj Using simulated epidemic data we assess the performance of 7 commonly-used statistical methods to estimate R 0 as they would be applied in a real-time outbreak analysis scenario – fitting to an increasing number of data points over time and with varying levels of random noise in the data. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.5) >> 420 0 obj 356 0 obj �o �R �Hj�K�_�A&�� z ���!e0�����x$���&T�����_u�`a��o�˖� 1��\9a\��⼓�#`'���7.���D��~��*?�Z�H����5]̾�ŦS�0:ί@J&�bx�Hܑ+w��i�jAG�����G�{�!�zا�H�1��z�*O7C����E�lH�����x����G�Lqa�cS��2�o��/�s7޼�ѿ��h���Q� Let’s take another example. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.5) >> << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.10) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.1) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.4) >> h�b```f``2a`a``���ǀ |[email protected]� 256 0 obj Mathematical statistics. 469 0 obj endobj Intell. 236 0 obj 197 0 obj endobj 495 0 obj << 472 0 obj endobj 112 0 obj 473 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.4) >> 237 0 obj 506 0 obj << endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.4) >> (picante) << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.3) >> %���� 260 0 obj /D [494 0 R /XYZ 72 713.446 null] 169 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.3.2) >> Jie Li, Zhuo Chen, Yadong Wang. endobj 396 0 obj (Phylobase) endobj It involves eight steps: (1) formulate a problem, (2) conceptualize variables, (3) make hypotheses, (4) establish a sample, (5) operationalize concepts, (6) gather data, (7) analyze data to test hypoth- eses, … endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.4.1) >> (Building the package) 49 0 obj endobj ∞ Schneider, C.Q. 240 0 obj /Resources 504 0 R (Getting help) (The Workhorse Functions of Data Manipulation) endobj 224 0 obj 449 0 obj 149 0 obj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.4) >> (Creating Objects) 104 0 obj endobj 69 0 obj (painting regimes on trees) (Description File) endobj (Distributing the package) 493 0 obj (S4 Classes) (R packages) 228 0 obj ����1��SB�>� 2�q�!�+��2Y_y_�K��|��p|A\E+H~� ���(�$7�[email protected]�d�~�=B��(��B�jGZ��D��^��b8��-Khv���A�5��+�wگ��0����r�C3���n�8S�Zۃo�ɧ�`*�h 105 0 obj Glaser and Strauss (1967) suggest that when used to generate theory, the comparative analytical method they describe can be applied to social units of any size. (Why use comparative methods \(and a bit about how they work\)) 289 0 obj endobj The QCA analysts interprets the data qualitatively whilst also looking at … endobj 364 0 obj Comput. 52 0 obj (Exercises) 28-52) describe it, this process involves: 129 0 obj 309 0 obj 77 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.5) >> /D [505 0 R /XYZ 72 733.245 null] (Merging) Incidents or data are compared to other incidents or data during the process of coding. 313 0 obj endobj Hence, comparative statistical analysis is less interested intheuniquequalityofthecasesunderstudy(countries,systems,orcultures)and /Parent 503 0 R endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.3) >> 497 0 obj << 433 0 obj /Type /Page 124 0 obj QCA Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is a means of analysing the causal contribution of different conditions (e.g. (Other Packages Available For Comparative Analysis) 284 0 obj endobj endobj 76 0 obj endobj 145 0 obj 148 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.1) >> (RGL graphics) 21 0 obj 288 0 obj (Branch lengths drawn from a common distribution) 273 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.2) >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] 184 0 obj 300 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.1.6.1) >> endobj 115 0 obj <> endobj aspects of an intervention and the wider context) to an outcome of interest. endobj endobj 161 0 obj 481 0 obj (Raw data to "curated" data) << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.3) >> 89 0 obj endobj 460 0 obj 465 0 obj Lately, it has increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation (M&E). endobj 229 0 obj endobj 152 0 obj endobj Set-theoretic methods for the social sciences: A guide to qualitative comparative analysis. (Simple Comparative Analyses in R) >> endobj Case Study: Juvenile Court Records Case Study: Mental Health System. << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.2) >> 189 0 obj 25 0 obj 220 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.2) >> 88 0 obj endobj 180 0 obj endobj /Contents 496 0 R 441 0 obj endobj 498 0 obj << endobj 436 0 obj endobj 452 0 obj (Treewalking) (Fitting models) << /S /GoTo /D (section.3.1) >> It is used mostly by data scientists. 505 0 obj << 173 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.6) >> endobj /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] << /S /GoTo /D (section.2.2) >> %PDF-1.4 Factor Analysis. 321 0 obj (Saving your work as R scripts) 337 0 obj endobj (Using ape) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.2.1) >> (Getting statistics by species and sex) << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.9) >> 393 0 obj endobj (geiger) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.4) >> 257 0 obj (Finding package specific help) 368 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.6) >> /Font << /F20 500 0 R >> 345 0 obj 185 0 obj /Length 64 141 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.15) >> (Computer Requirements and Installing R) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.2) >> endobj stream << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.5) >> 380 0 obj Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), developed by Charles Ragin in the 1970s, was originally developed as a research methodology. 268 0 obj C. Data analysis techniques. endobj endobj (The Notion of Reproducible Results) endobj 204 0 obj 308 0 obj 165 0 obj (Writing Simple Packages by Jason Pienaar and Marguerite Butler) (System Commands by Brian O'Meara) 269 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.6) >> (Directories and File organization) 4. 232 0 obj 68 0 obj endobj x�3PHW0Pp�r Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Workarounds for broken code) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.4) >> 417 0 obj 369 0 obj 336 0 obj (What is an object?) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.2) >> 213 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.2) >> 85 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.3) >> endobj endobj 56 0 obj endobj (Going from one format to another) endstream endobj In these situations, I use comparative analysis as a data collection workaround. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.2) >> endobj 432 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.1) >> endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.14) >> endobj Combining Qualitative Methods Combining Qualitative. 349 0 obj endstream endobj startxref << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.2) >> endobj 285 0 obj (Bivariate ouch) 317 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.1) >> These include the operationalization and measurement of qualitative variables (construct validity), the heuristic identi‹cation of new variables or hypotheses, the examination of potential causal mechanisms within particular cases or contexts, the historical explanation of cases, and the incorporation of complex relations like equality and path depende… endobj 440 0 obj (Stochastic Simulations) 73 0 obj 129 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<208E40575AB8E4428FDACCD7CF34077A>]/Index[115 26]/Info 114 0 R/Length 74/Prev 118815/Root 116 0 R/Size 141/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 389 0 obj (Divergence Times and Rates of Evolution) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.1) >> 376 0 obj endobj 344 0 obj /Parent 503 0 R (phylo \(ape 1.9 or above\)) This will help you prepare well for the course and attend it properly. If a consistency is found between the datasets, then it adds support to a scientific claim. endobj Method comparison was also conducted on empirical outbreak data, using Zika surveillance data … /Contents 506 0 R 494 0 obj << endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.2) >> 128 0 obj endobj endobj (Stangle) endobj 188 0 obj endobj 177 0 obj QCA is a methodology that enables the analysis of multiple cases in complex situations, and can help explain why change & Wagemann, C. (2012). << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.4) >> endobj 137 0 obj (Tree and Data Formats) endobj endobj analysis employs statistical techniques, such as regression analysis or analysis of variance. << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.1) >> Comparative-Historical Methods. 485 0 obj endobj (Exercises) >> ... network analysis methods into two types, namely, structural 280 0 obj (2020) Using Topic Modeling Methods for Short-Text Data: A Comparative Analysis. 292 0 obj (phylo4 \(phylobase\)) << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.3) >> 225 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.6) >> Inlarge-Nstudies,scholarsnolongerusetheoreticallyjustifiedpurposivesamples but larger-sized samples. endobj 253 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.5) >> I. Anderson, Sharon, 1948- 11. @c�l��-�0���(��M�Þ���`77�kg�n�}V}��\]0B�|���-?Lv.zd�����(!�ad�0�I���s�>����C�nbb�@K����'_K$Ғ)b-I5Q����I�qX�چ���@_� u�E���է�ݯ����tu�o�/a�?o��7�iچ{�̀�""煮���1���_���$M��=m��~���o��|�m9�xm�O�Y��8���r6�8-�c�=��u|�vh���W�a��#� nZ� 476 0 obj (hansentree and ouchtree methods) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.1) >> The three-dimensional architecture of chromatin in the nucleus is important for genome regulation and function. 64 0 obj endobj 264 0 obj (Checking the entire package) Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Main entry under title: Statistical methods for comparative studies. 312 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.13) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.16) >> (Creating Binaries) endobj 61 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.3) >> 461 0 obj (Using phylobase) endobj endobj (Sort by species and sex) endobj Case study methods have considerable comparative advantages relative to statistical methods or formal models (Goodrick, 2014). << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.3) >> 304 0 obj Contents, Construction Methods, Data Resources, and Functions Comparative Analysis of Bacteria Databases . endobj Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) offers a new, systematic way of studying configurations of cases. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.12) >> (Newick) 33 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.2) >> endobj (Brownian motion model) endobj endobj 92 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.1) >> endobj 96 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.3) >> (Example: Generating a set of trees with simulated branch lengths) 212 0 obj endobj endobj 241 0 obj endobj 101 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.3) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.8.1) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.2.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.3.2) >> 437 0 obj 357 0 obj (Reading in fixed width format) 9 0 obj xڍU�n�0��+x�X�H�"u��$M8-Z��؊�"�?��K�,��L���阕,f���tpq+-�1OS�����X�Xi����6����8���m�6��5�&(�(�E0)pj�aa$�`�5.�A�@��טa�����|/;-���T��~ M�[email protected]� ��JDYn�f�N ��''��-4�*D�� G�:��)�ټ�5�E/n-�x���q"���\Ʃ/ �*}�1�p)M;�J- 3:42. 457 0 obj endstream Quantitative research methods – focus on statistical approaches and qualitative methods are based on content analysis, comparative analysis, grounded theory, and interpretation. endobj (Introduction to OU Models) After the collection of raw data, there has to be an analysis of this data to derive statistical inferences from this research. (ouch) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.3.1) >> 388 0 obj 45 0 obj endobj endobj endobj 100 0 obj (Reshaping R Objects) endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.6.2) >> (The Data) (Combining the data into one file) 208 0 obj QA276.S783 001.4'22 79-27220 endobj (Accessing help) endobj 172 0 obj Case Study: Housing Loss in Group Homes. << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.5) >> 37 0 obj endobj 44 0 obj 468 0 obj endobj endobj 93 0 obj Welcome to this massive open online course (MOOC) about Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). Although this method ofgenerating theory is a continuously growing process- each stageafter a time is transformed into the next- earlier stages do remainin operation simultaneously throughout the analysis and eachprovides continuous development to its succes… endobj The comparative method may be contrasted with the method of internal reconstruction in … endobj endobj endobj h�bbd``b`�[email protected]�$�`� @1 �t+�J�@\�L+Hp��۵L� F����Y� �� Qualitative Comparative Analysis Case-Oriented Understanding. (Ordering Data) 489 0 obj 216 0 obj The contant comparative method is a method for analyzing data in order to develop a grounded theory. endobj The CLSI EP09-A3 standard also defines … It is important to relate the results to the objective of research and establish the statistical relevance of results. (Bibliography) 181 0 obj endstream endobj 116 0 obj <> endobj 117 0 obj <> endobj 118 0 obj <>stream (All about trees by Brian O'Meara) In statistics, qualitative comparative analysis is a data analysis technique for determining which logical conclusions a data set supports. 60 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.7) >> 196 0 obj 132 0 obj (Correlated Evolution) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.2.1) >> 84 0 obj 453 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.7) >> Data aggregation and summarization methods from the field of visual analytics can provide abstracted comparative views, suitable for sifting large multi-genome datasets to identify critical similarities and differences. 248 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.3.1) >> 425 0 obj and Quantitative Methods. (Adding variables to the data) 365 0 obj /Resources 495 0 R endobj 464 0 obj endobj endobj 445 0 obj endobj (Course Directory Organization) /Filter /FlateDecode 252 0 obj QCA starts with the documentation of the different configurations of conditions associated with each case of an observed outcome. 496 0 obj << endobj 484 0 obj >> endobj School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, China (Cross-platform compatibility) >> endobj (Running simple comparative analyses using ape: or a tour through R using phylogenetic examples) (Methods dispatch) 16 0 obj endobj (Documentation) endobj 209 0 obj endobj There are several methods of doing comparative analysis and Tilly (1984) distinguishes four types of comparative analysis namely: individualizing, universalizing, variation-finding and encompassing (p.82). 53 0 obj 20 0 obj 424 0 obj 168 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.1) >> (ouchtree) x�ݘIs�6����. endobj (Phylogenetic GLS) endobj (Variations of the OU Model --- Brian?) endobj 157 0 obj (Ancestral Reconstruction Methods) H�\S�n�0��+x��ZeI�w�2��bh��2� �J�!��i��%�Ű _d�||��W�����l�Q���7���� �Y`�D)u��BJ[As���`a��Z��ˊ�>��MF�n�*4��/�x�E�<. endobj (No Correlations) endobj endobj 12 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.6) >> 156 0 obj (Tree objects) (Exercises) Artif. (Sweave -> LaTeX) �I[�'�p>54O�i����l���"a������̓� endobj endobj 404 0 obj (Help! 0 endobj endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D [494 0 R /Fit ] >> The analysis begins with listing and counting all the combinations of variables observed in the data set, followed by applying the rules of logical inference to determine which descriptive inferences or implications the data supports. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.18) >> endobj (comparative methods R help) endobj endobj Despite the shortcomings of each of these tolerance analysis methods, each may be used to provide reasonable results under certain circumstances. 392 0 obj 325 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.13.0.6) >> 324 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.4) >> endobj 397 0 obj endobj (general R help) %PDF-1.5 %���� endobj stream Front. << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.11) >> >> 65 0 obj 531 0 obj << endobj 448 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.3) >> endobj (Moving through the directories) 261 0 obj endobj (Wiley series in probability and mathematical statistics) Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. 444 0 obj �m ��;��cz7M�����{���u��p�R�1O)��@�fΣ:�O�^��)))��X� `n�H��?��9��˴`��m�/�f/�ī�*���㧉@��{�؟����g0 �-U� endobj endobj Through a comprehensive comparison of these methods, this paper will offer some recommendations for selecting the best method to use for a given tolerance accumulation problem. Also, secondary data needs to be integrated in data analysis in a logical and unbiased manner. endobj endobj endobj (S3 vs. S4 Objects) endobj We shall describe in four stages the constant comparativemethod: (1) comparing incidents applicable to each category, (2)integrating categories and their properties, (3) delimited thetheory, and (4) writing the theory. 265 0 obj endobj endobj endobj /Length 1171 Title: Bias reduction. 164 0 obj endobj endobj 372 0 obj 244 0 obj 233 0 obj 41 0 obj endobj endobj 40 0 obj 136 0 obj Knowing what your competitors provide and not provide is always better than guessing on your own. 29 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.8) >> 361 0 obj endobj Once temperature datasets are collected in digital format, comparative analysiscan be applied. endobj 297 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section*.4) >> 340 0 obj 381 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.5) >> (Exercises) 193 0 obj /Length 680 << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.1) >> 13 0 obj endobj 293 0 obj endobj It will also help you determine if the course offers the knowledge and skills you are looking for. endobj Offered by Erasmus University Rotterdam. << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.6) >> 412 0 obj (Accessing Internal Elements of S4 Objects) endobj (Getting trees into R) (Simple Sweave) 416 0 obj Advanced high-throughput sequencing-based methods have been developed for capturing chromatin interactions (Hi-C, genome-wide chromosome conformation capture) or enriching for those involving a specific protein (ChIA-PET, chromatin interaction analysis … /Font << /F28 499 0 R /F20 500 0 R /F8 501 0 R /F37 502 0 R >> endobj 221 0 obj endstream endobj 119 0 obj <>stream << /S /GoTo /D (section.16.1) >> endobj 488 0 obj endobj 341 0 obj endobj endobj endobj endobj 360 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.1.6.2) >> (Object example: A Medieval Video Game \(remember Dungeons and dragons?\)) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.3) >> endobj QCA is used in comparative research and when using case-study research methods. 332 0 obj (Comparative Methods in R References) endobj (The OU Model for Comparative Analysis) endobj endobj 205 0 obj ��w32P04Գ455RIS07R076�321UIQ��0Ҍ ��2�[email protected]�]C� Q�D 320 0 obj (Vignettes) endobj endobj 28 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.3) >> endobj 480 0 obj (phylo4d) (Best Practices) endobj /Type /Page 144 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.2) >> endobj %%EOF endobj Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is a complement to inferential statistics. 109 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.8.2) >> within the social sciences. 80 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.3) >> endobj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] (Some Useful Features) endobj Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is an analytic technique grounded in set theory that allows for a detailed analysis of how causal conditions contribute to … (S3 Classes) endobj endobj 409 0 obj 97 0 obj endobj stream endobj endobj 117 0 obj (General R References) We introduce a software system for visual analysis of comparative genomics data. (Preliminaries) and Useful References) Set-theoretic methods for the social sciences: A guide to qualitative comparative analysis. 329 0 obj 108 0 obj A comparative analysis of data mining methods in predicting NCAA bowl outcomes. >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.4) >> endobj 492 0 obj endobj While sequential presentations of descriptive data are undoubtedly informative about the cases concerned they are only comparative in the weak sense of

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