Although often described as primarily composed of obsessed fans, cult film fandom can include many newer, less experienced members.  Founded in 1974, Troma Entertainment, an independent studio, would become known for both its cult following and cult films. In the same way, critics may ridicule fans of cult blockbusters as immature or shallow. Fans who like the films for the wrong reasons, such as perceived elements that represent mainstream appeal and marketing, will often be ostracized or ridiculed. Entertainment Matt Hills instead stressed the need for an open-ended definition rooted in structuration, where the film and the audience reaction are interrelated and neither is prioritized. These underground film festivals led to the creation of midnight movies, which attracted cult followings. February 2018 Hills identifies three different cult followings for The Lord of the Rings, each with their own fandom separate from the mainstream. , "Cult movies" redirects here. Mainstream films and big budget blockbusters have attracted cult followings similar to more underground and lesser known films; fans of these films often emphasize the films' niche appeal and reject the more popular aspects. :127 As these groups intermix, they can influence each other, though this may be resisted by older fans, unfamiliar with these new references. Leonard Kastle, who directed The Honeymoon Killers (1969), never directed another film again. Rocky Horror, originally made to exploit the popularity of glam subculture, became what academic Gina Marchetti called a "sub-subculture", a variant that outlived its parent subculture. ", "The A.I.P.  Qualities that bring cult films to prominence – such as an uncompromising, unorthodox vision – caused Alejandro Jodorowsky to languish in obscurity for years.  Similarly, Chloë Sevigny has struggled with her reputation as a cult independent film star famous for her daring roles in transgressive films. This film holds some of the most quoted lines in movie history. ", "Snakes on a Plane and the Prefabricated Cult Film", "Cowboys, Aliens, Snakes and Sharks: In Praise of Literal Movie Titles", "Pass the Kool-Aid: Five Flicks That Aspired To Cult Status", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cult_film&oldid=1000436169, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 02:52. Camera Profile Like the surrealists and dadaists, they not only satirically attacked society but also the very structure of film – a counter-cinema that deconstructs narrative and traditional processes. Since the late 1970s, cult films have become increasingly popular.  In francophone culture, "so bad it's good" films, known as nanars [Fr], have given rise to a subculture with dedicated websites such as Nanarland, film festivals and viewings in theaters, as well as various books analyzing the phenomenon. cult classic phrase. When films target subcultures like this, they may seem unintelligible without the proper cultural capital. Nick Cave  Though they can be interpreted as racist, Mathijs and Mendik state that they also "exhibit a liberal attitude towards the breaking of cultural taboos". Several people defined cult films primarily in terms of their opposition to mainstream films and conformism, explicitly requiring a transgressive element, though others disputed the transgressive potential, given the demographic appeal to conventional moviegoers and mainstreaming of cult films. Cult films are often known to be eccentric, often do not follow traditional standards of mainstream cinema … :212 Jacob deNobel of the Carroll County Times states that films can be perceived as nonsensical or inept when audiences misunderstand avant-garde filmmaking or misinterpret parody.  Audience participation itself can be transgressive, such as breaking long-standing taboos against talking during films and throwing things at the screen. These "cult Movies" are also referenced as underground movies, or underground hits.  Academic I. Q. , As far back as the 1970s, Attack of the Killer Tomatoes (1978) was designed specifically to be a cult film, and The Rocky Horror Picture Show was produced by 20th Century Fox, a major Hollywood studio. The Hunger Games :197, According to Mathijs, critical reception is important to a film's perception as cult, through topicality and controversy. Hollywood films, due to their nature, are more likely to attract this kind of attention, which leads to a mainstreaming effect of cult culture. September 2012  However, it became influential in both marketing and titling.  Asian imports to the West are often marketed as exotic cult films and of interchangeable national identity, which academic Chi-Yun Shin criticizes as reductive. Assassination Of Jesse James By The Coward Robert Ford  Cult films can also trap directors. E.T. Life Of Pi The rise of the Internet and on-demand films has led critics to question whether "so bad it's good" films have a future now that people have such diverse options in both availability and catalog, though fans eager to experience the worst films ever made can lead to lucrative showings for local theaters and merchandisers. Previous articles and controversies can also be alluded to without explanation. Prometheus Popular in midnight showings, they were mainly limited to large urban areas, which led academic Joan Hawkins to label them as "downtown culture". A cult film is any film that has a cult following, although the term is not easily defined and can be applied to a wide variety of films. Share Share Tweet Email.  Imports are sometimes censored to remove elements that would be controversial, such as references to Islamic spirituality in Indonesian cult films. Violence, gore, sexual perversity, and even the music can be pushed to stylistic excess far beyond that allowed by mainstream cinema. 0. Eventually, the rise of home video would marginalize midnight movies once again, after which many directors joined the burgeoning independent film scene or went back underground. They may also engage in behaviors more traditional for fans of cult television and other serial media, as cult blockbusters are often franchised, preconceived as a film series, or both. ... With Tommy Wiseau cult-classic movie, people expected us to make a broad comedy where we make fun of Tommy Wiseau, but the more real we played it, the funnier and heartfelt it was -- that's the tone we want for this one as well. Virtual spaces, such as online forums and fan sites, replace the traditional fanzines and newsletters.  For their avoidance of mainstream culture and audiences, enjoyment of irony, and celebration of obscure subcultures, academic Martin Roberts compares cult film fans to hipsters. Taylor further states that this was instrumental in allowing cult films to break through to the mainstream. , Writing in Defining Cult Movies, Jancovich et al. Heavenly Creatures (1994) acquired its own cult following, became a part of New Zealand's national identity, and paved the way for big-budget, Hollywood-style epics, such as Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Le mythique réalisateur de La Dolce Vita, Palme d'Or en 1960, évoque au travers de Huit et Demi, film culte du cinéma italien, son angoisse de la panne d'inspiration. , Fans, in response to the popularity of these blockbusters, will claim elements for themselves while rejecting others. Unlike most exploitation directors, they were not trying to establish a reputation. January 2014  Mathijs states that cult films broadcast on Christmas have a nostalgic factor. Audition  Although opposed to censorship, director Ruggero Deodato would later agree with cuts made by the BBFC which removed unsimulated animal killings, which limited the film's distribution. Fans will occasionally express frustration with dismissive critics and conventional analysis, which they believe marginalizes and misinterprets paracinema.  Influenced by the successful online hype of The Blair Witch Project (1999), other films have attempted to draw online cult fandom with the use of prefabricated cult appeal. 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