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dog colors brindle

This is most likely due to the urajiro pattern (see the C and I locus page). This is because the pale base can cause the black stripes to appear lighter than they actually are. A light Brindle and Long Fur The stunning mixed breed above appears to have some missing stripes on the inside of her front leg. This makes it very difficult to test for, and there are currently no commercially available tests that are able to detect brindle. Brindle and Long Fur The overall effect may be similar to how a blue brindle (dd dilution gene) would look. If a dog is kbrkbr or kbrky then it will display its A locus genes, just like a kyky dog, but any phaeomelanin (red/tan) in the coat will be brindled. The thickness of the stripes can vary, so the dog may look predominantly dark or predominantly red. Here are three blue brindles. No time to read the whole thing? A brindle dog will have liver (brown) stripes if it is bb on the B locus, blue stripes if it is dd on the D locus, A brindle is light when the overall appearance is of a red dog and heavy when the overall appearance is of a black dog, although terminology can vary across breeds. For further genetics resources, see the Links page. Quick Summary! Sometimes dogs with black stripes and a very light cream base (see above) are also referred to as silver brindles. The Harlequin Coat Pattern. Isabella brindles are extremely difficult to distinguish from a solid isabella as the stripes and the base coat are such a similar colour. Here are three blue brindles. Because a brindle dog will have some cells expressing ky and some expressing KB, this makes testing for brindle extremely difficult. Brindle Merles appear solid brindle (in fact, all solid brindles are sables), although any areas of shading will remain dark. Brindle dogs are not chimaeras, however, but they are mosaics, which is when different cells in the body become genetically distinct during development. will be relatively light (certainly not a deep red colour, but more likely cream). These huge dogs commonly carry the gene,… Here's the quick version! This is often seen in Japanese Akitas, for example. This is an area of eumelanin covering In fact, in horses there is no gene for brindle, and when brindle occurs it is always indicative of a chimaera. Brindle is caused by a complex gene process and is technically a form of mosaicism, where some cells express one allele (KB) and some express the other (ky), a little like tortoiseshell cats. On some light brindles there may be solid red areas where it appears stripes are "missing". Interestingly, a form of mosaicism in humans results in a brindle-like pattern known as Blaschko lines. The overall effect may be similar to how a blue brindle (dd dilution gene) would look. Brindle with a Mask Crossbreed photo by (unknown) the muzzle and sometimes the ears. Liver and Dilute Brindles On the first two dogs, greying has caused the black striping to fade out. kbr sits between the two. The majority of brindle puppies will change colors as they age and mature. Liver brindles. It is an unstable allele that causes some cells in the body to act as KB (dominant black) and some to act as ky (non-black), in a similar way to a chimaera (fusion of two embryos) or to a tortoiseshell cat (X-chromosome inactivation). Dilution affects phaeomelanin (red) too to some extent, so the base colour and isabella stripes if it is both dd and bb. The brindling is still present as normal at skin level, but becomes obscured by long coats. Dog Names Inspired by Brindle Patterns . On some light brindles there may be solid red areas where it appears stripes are "missing". Silver brindle is often caused by the greying gene (G locus), which turns black to grey as the dog ages. A sable brindle will A brindle with stripes that appear to be broken up into shorter stripes and spots may be a merle. The Whippet is a very light brindle, and the blue colouration is mostly visible on the mask and nose. This accounts for examples of dogs that appear to have brindled saddles but no brindling on the legs. are sable (AyAy) and tan points (atat). ** Please note that I am not a research scientist, and the information on this page comes from my own knowledge and observation of dogs, observational and testing data provided via e-mail by site visitors, any research papers linked on the page, and the information provided by Dr Sheila M. Schmutz on her excellent website http://homepage.usask.ca/~schmutz/dogcolors.html the extent of the brindling on the coat depends on the A locus. If a dog is a brindled sable (brindle gene + sable gene), it'll be brindle all over, and on dogs like this masks may be visible. As with the Staffordshire Bull Terrier cross shown above (submitted by Ally Stern), the effect can be very subtle. Sophie, submitted by Helen Lottridge The stunning mixed breed above appears to have some missing stripes on the inside of her front leg. ** Please note that I am not a research scientist, and the information on this page comes from my own knowledge and observation of dogs, observational and testing data provided via e-mail by site visitors, any research papers linked on the page, and the information provided by Dr Sheila M. Schmutz on her excellent website http://homepage.usask.ca/~schmutz/dogcolors.html For further genetics resources, see the Links page. See the E series page for more information on grizzles and how Eg interacts with brindle. This is particularly common in Whippets, In fact, in horses there is no gene for brindle, and when brindle occurs it is always indicative of a chimaera. occurs almost exclusively on brindles and not on normal solid reds or sables. The mechanism does seem to be fairly similar, with some areas of the coat unable to produce eumelanin and some unable to produce phaeomelanin. Linkage and Segregation Analysis of Black and Brindle Coat Color in Domestic Dogs: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1931550/ Technically, this color is a pattern of markings. This is an area of eumelanin covering There are currently no commercial tests available for the kbr allele, but the allele has been identified by at least one laboratory. This type of striping is sometimes called "black brindle" or Liver and brindle do not occur together on many breeds, however the combination is fairly common in Pit Bull types. Sophie, submitted by Helen Lottridge As with the Staffordshire Bull Terrier cross shown above (submitted by Ally Stern), the effect can be very subtle. Brindle on a Greyhound is not super common, but when they do have brindle, they have a huge range. Further Info and Links Brindle dogs are not chimaeras, however, but they are mosaics, which is when different cells in the body become genetically distinct during development. is a brindle. These dogs look very similar to a saddle tan or shaded sable, but the pattern is caused by a different mechanism. Brindle dogs are not chimaeras, however, but they are mosaics, which is when different cells in the body become genetically distinct during development. If a dog is a brindled sable (brindle gene + sable gene), it'll be brindle all over, and on dogs like this masks may be visible. The mechanism does seem to be fairly similar, with some areas of the coat unable to produce eumelanin and some unable to produce phaeomelanin. can see a large clear area on the dog's side. Liver and brindle do not occur together on many breeds, however the combination is fairly common in Pit Bull types. The main patterns The Dachshund here has very distinct stripes and is obviously a brindle, but Have a look at the Whippet below. For further genetics resources, see the Links page. This silver brindle Borzoi is most likely an example of a grizzle/domino (Eg) brindle (see below). base coat on a brindle is generally due to the Intensity locus, which dilutes phaeomelanin (red Silver Brindle Have a look at the Whippet below. dog appears solid black. ** Please note that I am not a research scientist, and the information on this page comes from my own knowledge and observation of dogs, observational and testing data provided via e-mail by site visitors, any research papers linked on the page, and the information provided by Dr Sheila M. Schmutz on her excellent website http://homepage.usask.ca/~schmutz/dogcolors.html In commercial testing, brindles generally test as KBky. Note the large areas of solid black on the back and brindled tan Brindle in dogs is located on the K locus, which is CBD103 (Canine Beta Defensin 103). Neapolitan Mastiffs are one of the few breeds where dilution, liver and brindle all occur together. Interestingly, a form of mosaicism in humans results in a brindle-like pattern known as Blaschko lines. In the first picture the brindle appears normal, however in the second picture you Long, wirey and curly fur can obscure brindle markings by making the stripes less distinct. is a brindle. They may have a white chest and white patches on their fur. Note the large areas of solid black on the back and brindled tan Coat color DNA testing. On some light brindles there may be solid red areas where it appears stripes are "missing". This is most likely due to the urajiro pattern (see the C and I locus page). Further Info and Links base coat on a brindle is generally due to the Intensity locus, which dilutes phaeomelanin (red Variations in Base Colour The overall effect may be similar to how a blue brindle (dd dilution gene) would look. A dog that has at least one Em allele on its E locus will have a black mask. This Glen of Imaal's brindling is very obvious on the short fur on its body, but less obvious on the longer fur on its head. Here's the quick version! There are currently no commercial tests available for the kbr allele, but the allele has been identified by at least one laboratory. Linkage and Segregation Analysis of Black and Brindle Coat Color in Domestic Dogs: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1931550/ You may notice that on the Great Dane above the phaeomelanin (red) is deeper on the back The thickness of the stripes can vary, so the dog may look predominantly dark or predominantly red. If a dog is a brindled sable (brindle gene + sable gene), it'll be brindle all over, and on dogs like this masks may be visible. It is an unstable allele that causes some cells in the body to act as KB (dominant black) and some to act as ky (non-black), in a similar way to a chimaera (fusion of two embryos) or to a tortoiseshell cat (X-chromosome inactivation). KB is the top dominant and ky is the bottom recessive. but the genetic basis is unknown. The Dachshund here has very distinct stripes and is obviously a brindle, but The mechanism does seem to be fairly similar, with some areas of the coat unable to produce eumelanin and some unable to produce phaeomelanin. Dogs with the Eg gene (Salukis, Borzoi, Afghan Hounds) are affected differently by brindle, with the brindling appearing mostly on the dark (eumelanin) areas of the dog. on the legs and head. Sometimes a brindle dog with black pigment may have what appear to be silver stripes, usually on a cream background (never deep red). There are many different types of mosaics, but tortoiseshell cats are one type (X-chromosome inactivation means that some cells switch off the black allele and some switch off the red allele - see the "Notes on Mutation etc" page for a full explanation). The brindle color, especially on mastiff dog breeds tend to look more monstrous than they will normally look without it. Even between longhaired breeds, the visibility of brindle can vary. In fact, in horses there is no gene for brindle, and when brindle occurs it is always indicative of a chimaera. Links to studies: There are many different types of mosaics, but tortoiseshell cats are one type (X-chromosome inactivation means that some cells switch off the black allele and some switch off the red allele - see the "Notes on Mutation etc" page for a full explanation). Note whether the ears are floppy or upright and the length of the tail. Long, wirey and curly fur can obscure brindle markings by making the stripes less distinct. Because a brindle dog will have some cells expressing ky and some expressing KB, this makes testing for brindle extremely difficult. 2.Brindle Mastiffs are not common. This is particularly common in Whippets, Brindle Saluki puppy photo submitted by Tara Meikle - Phaeomelanin (the pigment making up the base) can be affected by: Intensity locus. This accounts for examples of dogs that appear to have brindled saddles but no brindling on the legs. and isabella stripes if it is both dd and bb. is a brindle. This is often seen in Japanese Akitas, for example. The Neapolitan Mastiff, on the other hand, is a heavy brindle, so the overall appearance is blue. The main way we can tell this Skye is brindled is simply its muddy-coloured coat - this shade The Neapolitan Mastiff, on the other hand, is a heavy brindle, so the overall appearance is blue. The gene causing brindle in cattle has not yet been located, but as it is common and inherited it can't be caused by chimaerism, as in horses, and cattle are not known to have any BD103 colour genes, so the mechanism must be different to brindle in dogs. The Whippet is a very light brindle, and the blue colouration is mostly visible on the mask and nose. Stripe width can vary greatly, and it is not known which genes, if any, are responsible for this variation. Most standards are laid out so that there are specific sections on size, coat, head and body, so you can quickly review the relevant traits. The "harlequin" pattern in rabbits, as shown by Wasabi here (submitted by Beth), can look similar to brindle in dogs. Dogs with the Eg gene (Salukis, Borzoi, Afghan Hounds) are affected differently by brindle, with the brindling appearing mostly on the dark (eumelanin) areas of the dog. Brindle dogs are not chimaeras, however, but they are mosaics, which is when different cells in the body become genetically distinct during development. ** Please note that I am not a research scientist, and the information on this page comes from my own knowledge and observation of dogs, observational and testing data provided via e-mail by site visitors, any research papers linked on the page, and the information provided by Dr Sheila M. Schmutz on her excellent website http://homepage.usask.ca/~schmutz/dogcolors.html Brindle merles are dealt with on the merle page. Quick Summary! There is one apparent exception to the rule that only the tan areas on a dog show brindle striping. It is an unstable allele that causes some cells in the body to act as KB (dominant black) and some to act as ky (non-black), in a similar way to a chimaera (fusion of two embryos) or to a tortoiseshell cat (X-chromosome inactivation). Quick Summary! If a dog is a brindled sable (brindle gene + sable gene), it'll be brindle all over, and on dogs like this masks may be visible. There are three K locus alleles - KB (dominant black), kbr (brindle) The dark (eumelanin) stripes on a brindle can be affected by liver, dilution, greying or merle, and the light/red (phaeomelanin) stripes can be affected by the Intensity locus. The first two photos show Ambrose, owned by Julie, and the third photo was kindly submitted by Abby L Note the large areas of solid black on the back and brindled tan The Neapolitan Mastiff, on the other hand, is a heavy brindle, so the overall appearance is blue. Dogs with the Eg (grizzle/domino) allele seem to show brindle mostly on their darker areas or saddles, as the Saluki puppy above shows. Links to studies: It is an unstable allele that causes some cells in the body to act as KB (dominant black) and some to act as ky (non-black), in a similar way to a chimaera (fusion of two embryos) or to a tortoiseshell cat (X-chromosome inactivation). Long, wirey and curly fur can obscure brindle markings by making the stripes less distinct. The main way we can tell this Skye is brindled is simply its muddy-coloured coat - this shade The visual effect is somewhere inbetween tortoiseshell in cats and dog brindle, as the effect on more heavily marked rabbits is of large stripe-like patches. The visual effect is somewhere inbetween tortoiseshell in cats and dog brindle, as the effect on more heavily marked rabbits is of large stripe-like patches. appear solid brindle (in fact, all solid brindles are sables), although any areas of shading will remain dark. No time to read the whole thing? A dog that has at least one Em allele on its E locus will have a black mask. Brindle in dogs is located on the K locus, which is CBD103 (Canine Beta Defensin 103). This accounts for examples of dogs that appear to have brindled saddles but no brindling on the legs. Some grizzles can have a greyish cast due to other gene interactions. Because a brindle dog will have some cells expressing ky and some expressing KB, this makes testing for brindle extremely difficult. "reverse brindle". The main way we can tell this Skye is brindled is simply its muddy-coloured coat - this shade However, the light base colour can make the stripes seem greyish (see below). Isabella brindles are extremely difficult to distinguish from a solid isabella as the stripes and the base coat are such a similar colour. Sometimes a brindle dog with black pigment may have what appear to be silver stripes, usually on a cream background (never deep red). Sometimes a brindle dog with black pigment may have what appear to be silver stripes, usually on a cream background (never deep red). There are many different types of mosaics, but tortoiseshell cats are one type (X-chromosome inactivation means that some cells switch off the black allele and some switch off the red allele - see the "Notes on Mutation etc" page for a full explanation). You may notice that on the Great Dane above the phaeomelanin (red) is deeper on the back The stunning mixed breed above appears to have some missing stripes on the inside of her front leg. These two dogs are brindle with saddle markings(atat plus the RALY saddle tan modifier, see the Agouti page). Brindle Saluki puppy photo submitted by Tara Meikle. The thickness of the stripes can vary, so the dog may look predominantly dark or predominantly red. will be relatively light (certainly not a deep red colour, but more likely cream). pigment) to cream, but has no effect on eumelanin (black pigment). The dog genome contains approximately 3 billion base pairs of DNA and thousands of genes. A brindle dog will have liver (brown) stripes if it is bb on the B locus, blue stripes if it is dd on the D locus, Linkage and Segregation Analysis of Black and Brindle Coat Color in Domestic Dogs: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1931550/ There is only a very small bit of tan visible on the hip, and the rest of the However, the light base colour can make the stripes seem greyish (see below). Further Info and Links occurs almost exclusively on brindles and not on normal solid reds or sables. and on the chest and legs is almost white. The brindling is still present as normal at skin level, but becomes obscured by long coats. These Wolfhounds and Deerhound show brindling on wirey coats. Quick Summary! No time to read the whole thing? These dogs look very similar to a saddle tan or shaded sable, but the pattern is caused by a different mechanism. This brindle pattern might range from lighter to darker, with a deep or diluted base coloring. The base colour on a brindle can vary as much as red can usually vary, from a deep Irish Setter colour to a light cream. Sophie, submitted by Helen Lottridge Here are three blue brindles. Brindle merles are dealt with on the merle page. This silver brindle Borzoi is most likely an example of a grizzle/domino (Eg) brindle (see below). Brindle dogs are not chimaeras, however, but they are mosaics, which is when different cells in the body become genetically distinct during development. Brindle dogs are not chimaeras, however, but they are mosaics, which is when different cells in the body become genetically distinct during development. If they don't have many photos, follow their links to a regional club or a local breeders' website. but the genetic basis is unknown. Linkage and Segregation Analysis of Black and Brindle Coat Color in Domestic Dogs: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1931550/ There is one apparent exception to the rule that only the tan areas on a dog show brindle striping. Sophie, submitted by Helen Lottridge The brindle gene. Note the large areas of solid black on the back and brindled tan Brindle (kbr) is in the middle of the K locus, recessive to KB but dominant over ky. The visual effect is somewhere inbetween tortoiseshell in cats and dog brindle, as the effect on more heavily marked rabbits is of large stripe-like patches. For further genetics resources, see the Links page. appear solid brindle (in fact, all solid brindles are sables), although any areas of shading will remain dark. Dogs with the Eg gene (Salukis, Borzoi, Afghan Hounds) are affected differently by brindle, with the brindling appearing mostly on the dark (eumelanin) areas of the dog. Silver Brindle Apart from horses and dogs, one of the only other species that appears to have a similar brindle pattern is domestic cattle, like the bull above. If the Skye above were to be clipped down, it would look something like this. The first two photos show Ambrose, owned by Julie, and the third photo was kindly submitted by Abby L There are currently no commercial tests available for the kbr allele, but the allele has been identified by at least one laboratory. In fact, in horses there is no gene for brindle, and when brindle occurs it is always indicative of a chimaera. Brindle Tan Points and Saddle Markings This Staffie shows even heavier black striping than the Greyhound above. Brindle Merles Liver brindles. Linkage and Segregation Analysis of Black and Brindle Coat Color in Domestic Dogs: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1931550/ will be relatively light (certainly not a deep red colour, but more likely cream). Brindle Boston Terriers qualify for the dog shows. A tan pointed dog with the brindle gene will appear black/liver/blue/isabella with brindle points instead of tan. Liver and Dilute Brindles A dog that has at least one Em allele on its E locus will have a black mask. All of these dogs display black-pigmented dogs with brindled points, with or without white markings. There are currently no commercial tests available for the kbr allele, but the allele has been identified by at least one laboratory. And of course, white markings and ticking can occur on any brindle dog. As with the Staffordshire Bull Terrier cross shown above (submitted by Ally Stern), the effect can be very subtle. Brindle Tan Points and Saddle Markings When the liver and dilution genes are combined, the result is isabella (lilac). and on the chest and legs is almost white. The base colour on a brindle can vary as much as red can usually vary, from a deep Irish Setter colour to a light cream. There are currently no commercial tests available for the kbr allele, but the allele has been identified by at least one laboratory. Technically brindle is a marking pattern, but … ** Please note that I am not a research scientist, and the information on this page comes from my own knowledge and observation of dogs, observational and testing data provided via e-mail by site visitors, any research papers linked on the page, and the information provided by Dr Sheila M. Schmutz on her excellent website http://homepage.usask.ca/~schmutz/dogcolors.html Variations in Striping The brindle is a very unique color that rarely manifests in dogs and as such makes the dog look different. Brindle in dogs is located on the K locus, which is CBD103 (Canine Beta Defensin 103). Determine the size of the dog in question. Brindle dogs come in all sizes and this will help you narrow your choices by eliminating breeds that are a different size. Sophie, submitted by Helen Lottridge Because a brindle dog will have some cells expressing ky and some expressing KB, this makes testing for brindle extremely difficult. It also appears to have some lighter and darker areas, which also suggest it The mechanism does seem to be fairly similar, with some areas of the coat unable to produce eumelanin and some unable to produce phaeomelanin. The visual effect is somewhere inbetween tortoiseshell in cats and dog brindle, as the effect on more heavily marked rabbits is of large stripe-like patches. Silver brindle is often caused by the greying gene (G locus), which turns black to grey as the dog ages. Stripe width can vary greatly, and it is not known which genes, if any, are responsible for this variation. Liver and Dilute Brindles The visual effect is somewhere inbetween tortoiseshell in cats and dog brindle, as the effect on more heavily marked rabbits is of large stripe-like patches. Brindle coloration is less distinct on longer-haired dogs, like the Akita Inu. Brindle merles are dealt with on the merle page. Dogs with the Eg (grizzle/domino) allele seem to show brindle mostly on their darker areas or saddles, as the Saluki puppy above shows. There are many different types of mosaics, but tortoiseshell cats are one type (X-chromosome inactivation means that some cells switch off the black allele and some switch off the red allele - see the "Notes on Mutation etc" page for a full explanation). See the E series page for more information on grizzles and how Eg interacts with brindle. occurs almost exclusively on brindles and not on normal solid reds or sables. Neapolitan Mastiffs are one of the few breeds where dilution, liver and brindle all occur together. This is often seen in Japanese Akitas, for example. is a brindle. When the liver and dilution genes are combined, the result is isabella (lilac). Because the brindle gene allows expression of the A locus, any A locus coat patterns can show brindling on their red sections. Have a look at the Whippet below. What is the brindle color? It is possible that the Eh allele (which causes a similar pattern in Cocker Spaniels) and the Ed allele (Northern domino, in Husky types) interact with brindle in a similar way too. If you are still having trouble determining the breed, contact the breed parent club. Mixed breeds are difficult to definitively identify. There are 33 brindle dog colors for sale on Etsy, and they cost $36.48 on average. If the Skye above were to be clipped down, it would look something like this. In the first picture the brindle appears normal, however in the second picture you Interestingly, a form of mosaicism in humans results in a brindle-like pattern known as Blaschko lines. Brindle in dogs is located on the K locus, which is CBD103 (Canine Beta Defensin 103). No time to read the whole thing? Brindle is a specific coloring in dogs, specifically brownish or tawny with streaks of other colors. Brindle (kbr) is in the middle of the K locus, recessive to KB but dominant over ky. Brindle and Long Fur The main patterns kbr sits between the two. Dogs with the Eg (grizzle/domino) allele seem to show brindle mostly on their darker areas or saddles, as the Saluki puppy above shows. This is because the pale base can cause the black stripes to appear lighter than they actually are. A sable brindle will Brindle Tan Points and Saddle Markings The dark (eumelanin) stripes on a brindle can be affected by liver, dilution, greying or merle, and the light/red (phaeomelanin) stripes can be affected by the Intensity locus. The Whippet is a very light brindle, and the blue colouration is mostly visible on the mask and nose. Brindle colors range from tawny to reddish to brown to dark black, and there are are many edible items that reflect these colors and make for fun brindle dog names. The first two photos show Ambrose, owned by Julie, and the third photo was kindly submitted by Abby L If the Skye above were to be clipped down, it would look something like this. These two Greyhounds represent a typical "light" or "red" brindle and a typical "heavy" or "dark" brindle. See the E series page for more information on grizzles and how Eg interacts with brindle. If a dog is kbrkbr or kbrky then it will display its A locus genes, just like a kyky dog, but any phaeomelanin (red/tan) in the coat will be brindled. A tan pointed dog with the brindle gene will appear black/liver/blue/isabella with brindle points instead of tan. This is particularly common in Whippets, Here's the quick version! This Glen of Imaal's brindling is very obvious on the short fur on its body, but less obvious on the longer fur on its head.

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