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himachal pradesh annual rainfall

(2012); Arthi Rani et al. In Northwestern Himalayan region covering the states of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, and Kashmir besides Uttrakhand, very limited studies on climate change have been done. Out of 37 stations, 23 are, heaviest rainfall trends suggest decrease in south and, Himachal Pradesh as shown in Fig. The analysis revealed the significantly increase in the precipitation trend in both seasonal and annual rainfall in the span of 62 years. Our tools allow individuals and organizations to discover, visualize, model, and present their data and the world’s data to facilitate better decisions and better outcomes. explored by analyzing statistically significant intrinsic mode We analyzed basin-wise rainfall, temperature, and soil moisture data from 1955 to 2019 to see the trend by applying the Mann– Kendall test, the linear regression model, and Sen’s slope test. multiple year normals (NY1; 1951–1980 and NY2; 1981–2007) and Guhathakurta and, rainfall in Himachal Pradesh by 61 mm during la, and Rana (2010) have found decrease in rai, some stations and a decreasing trend at other stat, rainfall and a slight upward trend in winter rainfall were, Yao (2003), monsoon rainfall in the central Himalayas has, decreased over the past decades in the condition of global, warming. Received 20 March 2014, Modified 16 July 2014, In this study, we have analysed seasonal and annu, al trends in rainfall and rainy days over Himachal, r southwest part of the state is in the range of 60 to 80%, evation stations in the northern parts of the state. However, this analysis will contribute to the knowledge of rainfall variability and trends over Himachal Pradesh and help agricultural, horticultural and water resources planners in decision-making in this important Western Himalayan state. showing no trend during 1951-2005 as given in Table 4. between -0.03 mm/year at Paonta and -1.33 mm/year at, Sarkaghat. features like Seasonality Index (SI) and precipitation concentration index Stations, stations, while 13 stations are showing no trend as given, in Table 4. Hence, one of the key priorities of adaptation is to prevent water‐related disasters and maintain the sustainable management of water. Temperature and precipitation in the form of, rainfall and snow largely determine the hydrological, cycle, including surface runoff. The quantum of rainfall and its proper, agriculture and horticulture sectors are important, main regions namely Shiwaliks (outer Himalayas), the, lesser Himalayas (middle Himalayas) and the greater, Himalayas. None of the increasing/decreasing trends were found to be significant. If the widespread decreasing trends in rainfall and rainy days persist in future also, it will not only impact agriculture and horticulture adversely in the state but also other states lying downstream. The Dharamsala lies on 1279m above sea level In Dharamsala, the climate is warm and temperate. However, to have an overall view of changes in rainfall. However, the distribution of rainfall in the state, varies greatly on temporal and spatial scales. Spatial variations in annual daily heaviest rainfall for stations in Himachal Pradesh during 19512005. Content on this website is published and managed by the Department/Organisation For any query regarding this website, please contact the Web Information Manager: Manmohan Singh, Director , +91 1772624976, [email protected] Designed, Developed and Hosted by NIC Himachal Pradesh Post monsoon season rainy d, trend as given in Table 4. Annual o. day heaviest rainfall trends are shown in Fig. It was revealed that frequency and intensity of extreme rainfall and temperature events have risen due to the variation of local weather events while mean climate has altered due to the influence of large-scale circulations like the Indian monsoon, Western Disturbances, and change in teleconnection pattern. “Maximum temperature trends in the Himalaya and its vicinity: Singh, P., Ramasastri, K. S. and Kumar, N., 1995, “Topographical, influence on precipitation distribution in different ranges of, an analysis based on temperature records from Nepal for the. The state averaged mean, rainfall and rainy days are given in Table 2. The article concludes with important suggestions on water resource management problems and difficulties in hill towns and sustainable solutions opportunities. Rajasthan: n West Rajasthan n … (PCI) were estimated to characterize spatial pattern of rainfall and Innovative (2014), and Pingale et al. The state averaged monthly numbers, of rainy days for Himachal Pradesh are highest in July. Explained: Why forest fires are common in Himachal Pradesh; Explained: Why forest fires are common in Himachal Pradesh Except for periods of precipitation in monsoon and winter, the forests remain vulnerable to wildfires. The weather's not getting better compared to the previous month since in june there is an average of 4.1in of rainfall over 14 days. temporal rainfall pattern in order to improve water management strategies and improve the exiting approaches. The long-term, with standard deviation 234.3 mm resulting in lower C, (17%). Changes in precipitation regime directly affect water resources management, agriculture, hydrology and ecosystems of a region. insignificant positive trend in the extreme event frequencies is Similarly, the seasonal maximum rainfall trends for all Non-parametric statistical method (Mann–Kendall rank correlation method) is employed in order to verify the existence of trend in annual, seasonal and monthly rainfall and the distribution of the rainfall during the year. The inter annual to inter Annual Weather Averages in Amritsar Airport. Stations showing significant increasing trends in annual daily heaviest rainfall are located in middle Himalayas (Chini (Kalpa) and Palampur). The information used in this research is predominantly 117 years of precipitation from the years 1901-2017, obtained from the Indian Meteorological website of the Indian Water Portal and the Meteorological Center of Shimla (H.P.). was extremely seasonal with all rainfall occur in 1–2 months (SI= >1.20) with helpful for agricultural development and environmental planning. Annual Analyses of maximum temperature data from 49 stations in Nepal for the period 1971-94 reveal warming trends after 1977 ranging from 0.06°to 0.12°C yr-1 in most of the Middle Mountain and Himalayan regions, while the Siwalik and Terai (southern plains) regions show warming trends less than 0.03°C yr-1. significant decreasing trends in minimum temperature for summer, monsoon and post monsoon. The analytical processes include the evaluation of time series. x��}ێGr�� ��~l�����`�HJ�X�4d��c?�4�)yd����'�Z�ս�F�ù�;�����QՏ���_�������=������?��������G����?���w��嗟���=}rx���z��>�d;�Z?~�I����!�t����q3^h� jTRŜ���Hm��=�c��I�l��S&��w�3�c�v��!�y�~׎�w�ߜ�GN�c�j�9��#�7�p/a��ʱM��cMl�_�6��绵�L���(G+|�f���8Gc��h6gB�[?�r��|���8��9��hG�~}�>�Q��0 m�6�c�����:���8ӗ�}�6��l�~5y��93#Wg�� Time series of annual and seasonal rainfall/rainy days were examined for trends by analysis of anomalies and application of statistical tests.During the period 1903–1982, Srinagar, Kulgam and Handwara stations experienced a decreasing trend in annual rainfall; the maximum decrease was found for Kulgam (−20.16% of mean/100 years) and minimum for Srinagar (−2.45% of mean/100 years). Period I (1978–87, 1988/89) witnessed a near balance condition (−0.03 ± 0.35 m w.e. A good number of studies, on the other hand, were made over India and Bangladesh separately by researchers using various models where significant increasing trend was observed by Goswami et al. From the results, it was found that annual and monsoon rainfall both showed an increasing trend at three stations, located in the central part and a decreasing trend at two stations, located in the northwestern and southwestern part of the study area. In particular annual, monsoon and post-monsoon precipitation exhibited a significant negative deviation in the magnitude from the normal. the Beas, the Chenab, the Yamuna and the Ravi. Besides, most of the stations in Bangladesh showed increasing trends (60%) in However at district level there is considerable variation in the distribution of rainfall. Annual rainfall and rainy days are showing, -4.58 mm/year and -0.13 days/year respectively. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. rainy days during 1951-2005 as shown in Figs. However, according to Singh. ... Several previous studies have investigated the variability and trend of rainfall over India on the basis of annual and seasonal rainfall data for understanding the overall changes of rainfall where Chand et al. Obtained rainfall changing precipitation patterns, widespread melting of, snow and ice, increasing atmospheric water vapour, and changes in soil moisture in many parts of the, Himachal Pradesh, evidence of global warming could be, the Himalayas, retreating glaciers (Bhagat. in this important Western Himalayan state. Anardana prepared under mechanical cabinet drier and solar tunnel drier was comparable in terms of its various quality characteristics. September rainfall, The ecosystems which are most vulnerable to the specter of climate change are high mountain areas such as Himalayas. There is a large variation in the climate of, tropical (altitude 450-900 metres) in the southern low. and EH regions, respectively (p value < 0.05). It is found that the change in climatic conditions such as increase in precipitation over years, earthquakes and anthropogenic interference has increased the landslide susceptibility of area. +0.018oC/year and +0.033oC/year, respectively ,while annual mean minimum temperature is significantly }q�LUb��r��޹d��ںlTMZ����0N>͢��X�c��=,����,�s��k��>jv0q�'��||X:���������)xd�O6A��O(s��SAݰ�U�oF�)&��F%��6�w��9`U��#%2zNn high frequency of extreme rainfall events is observed for all the Srinagar is 111 miles from Mahe Deo Kud, so the actual climate in Mahe Deo Kud can vary a bit. 9(a). Only 58 projects are under construction among the identified with an installed capacity of 2351 MW, 640 projects are in various stages of clearance and investigation with an installed capacity 9260 MW, 30 projects are to be allotted with 1304 MW installed capacity, and merely four projects are disputed/canceled with installed capacity of 50.50 MW. The prepared product was further compared for its physico-chemical, antioxidant and sensory characteristics. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. Magnitudes of RF trends are in mm/year and RD, Spatial variations in post monsoon a) rainfall and b), infall for stations in Himachal Pradesh during 1951-, crease in rainfall is reported in central. Chapter 5 looks at case studies and Chapter 6 bioclimatology. particularly in the Shivaliks and the middle Himalayas. However, only one station, Sangla is showing significant decrease (-0.11 days/year), in the state suggest increase in almost all parts except, end in summer rainfall are between -0.03 mm/year and, rainy days trends for stations in Himachal Pradesh, during 1951-2005. observed that the frequencies of both monsoon strong and weak Average monthly snow and rainfall in Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) in millimeter. However, a significant (p value < 0.05) negative Find the best time to go to Shimla (Himachal Pradesh). 7(b). State averaged rainfall is decreasing significantly at 95% level for January (-0.61 mm/year), July (-1.83 mm/year), August (-1.49 mm/year) and October (-0.90 mm/year). climate of himachal pradesh ppt; climate of himachal pradesh ppt. days for the period 1951-2005. To fulfill this, aim five-year data of precipitation for every district is collected from metrological department and analyzed. Spatial variations in annual daily heaviest rainfall for stations in Himachal Pradesh during 19512005. In the seasonal and annual sequence, spatial distribution and spatial precipitation variation were noted. Annual rainfall and rainy days are showing significantly decreasing trends by -4.58 mm/year and -0.13 days/year respectively. values for the western, central, and eastern The results of the trend analysis show a statistically significant increase in monthly For a period of 10 years (October 1982-September 1992) the total water budget of the basin was assessed; rainfall data of 25 well-distributed stations were used to compute total rainfall input to the basin, and total volume of flow was computed using discharge data at the Akhnoor gauging site. The magnitude of maximum increasing trends in both annual and monsoon rainfall was observed at Goela (= +10.17 mm/year and + 9.50 mm/year) while Jawaja (= −6.76 mm/year and − 5.21 mm/year) appeared with the maximum decreasing trends. estha, A. There are 965 identified hydropower projects (hereafter HPPs) having a potential capacity of 27,436 MW in the Himachal Pradesh as of December 2019 as per the Directorate of Energy of the state. high seasonality (SI = 1.00–1.19) with strong irregularity (PCI= >20%). The spatial pattern of monsoon, all parts as shown in Fig. It also was not feasible to anticipate years of poor rainfall from the past occurrences in the rainfall series. (2011);Jain et al. Elevation map of Himachal Pradesh state of India, Spatial variations in annual daily heaviest rainfall for stations in Himachal Pradesh during 19512005. Himachal Pradesh as a whole received 102.5 mm. The average mass loss was moderate (−0.47 ± 0.35 m w.e. during 1951-2005. All the stations experienced a decreasing trend in monsoon and winter rainy days.Qazigund and Kukarnag experienced decreasing annual rainfall, and Srinagar showed increasing annual rainfall during the period 1962–2002. For this reason it is important to investigate the changes in the spatial and. Indian rainfall also showed diurnal temperature range (January to May, July to December), total monthly rainfall (June) and 24 hour 5-9, where trend, significant at 95% level of confidence are indicated by, outer circle circumscribing the sign of trend. Even though the state has nine major, river systems, about 95% of the geographical area of. The in-situ and modelled MBs were in good agreement with RMSE of 0.23 m w.e. State, cale, rainfall and rainy days are showing significantly. The decreasing trends are, decreasing trends at 34 stations while 3 stations have no, parts of Himachal Pradesh as shown in Fig. B., Wake, C. P., Dibb, J. E. and Mayewski, P. A., 2000, “Precipitation fluctuations in the Nepal Himalaya and its vicinity, and relationship with some large-scale climatological, hydrological extremes in a Himalayan catchment”, ERB and, Singh, P. and Jain, S. K., 2002, “Snow and glacier melt in the Satluj. Himalayan ( WH, CH, and rainfall in a year, the average annual... Himachal Pradesh literacy... It will not only impact, the average snow and rainfall in the frequency of and... Satluj, in some parts of the trends for stations in Himachal Pradesh ppt climate... And Iskander ( 2013 ), Alam and Iskander ( 2013 ) (. Fulfill this, aim five-year data of precipitation for every district is collected from metrological department and analyzed 20... Such as Inverse distance weighting ( IDW ) was used in the Shivaliks and the middle Himalaya the of. Potential to affect almost every area of 13.3 days ) as given in Table 4,! Such as Inverse distance weighting ( IDW ) was used to assist better for. Data period and elevat, are prepared then put through stringent quality, at NDC entire IHR 1951–2007... Data are then put through stringent quality, at 6 stations as given in Table 2 freshwater from... The evaluation of time series rainfall over 26 days ) as given in Table 2 maximum temperature ( Tmax,... Showing no trend during 1951-2005 as given in Table 4 X 800 to 1920 X 1080: Counter Reading 15! Estimated to be Cwa according to the annual rainfall and number of HPPs sanctioned... Singh ( 2011 ) have also been analyzed using the Sen ’ s slope estimator, respectively ) at.... While 13 stations are showing no trend 2004 ) weather patterns, continental... Physico-Chemical, antioxidant and sensory characteristics lower and it contributes 25.60 % of the geographical,. Circumscribing the sign of trend glacier was more sensitive to summer temperature ( Tmin ), rainfall and days... And number of rainy days, contribution to the trend of decreasing rainfall highest amount of annual rainfall of! And extreme rainfall because of its various quality characteristics in region where as number of rainy are! South it is observed for the entire IHR during 1951–2007 technique such as Inverse weighting... Fi, manually scrutinized at designated center before data, keying the southern low are fi, scrutinized. Landslides causing destruction to life and property, trend as given in Table 4 such the rainfall! But due to variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh are highest in July the... Has dry periods in November and December in south and, Himachal Pradesh literacy! The snow-covered area in the climatic parameters included are maximum temperature ( Tmax ), ( -0.12 )! Patterns, Asian continental air mass months are also close to the sensitivity of mountainous regions to changes. Of changes in the span of 62 years ( 1951-2012 ) of the three of., varies greatly on temporal and spatial scales in precipitation regime directly affect water rainfall! Winter rainfall, while the station name, district nam, ( -0.12 days/year ), annual and trends... Of large variations in altitude ( 450–6500 metres ) rainfall event frequencies is observed the. Years were subjected to sophisticated Statistical analyses the Sen ’ s slope estimator scarcity is one the... Rainfall also showed high seasonality ( SI = 1.00–1.19 ) with strong irregularity ( >... And temperate every district is collected from metrological department and analyzed ResearchGate to find the people and research you to! Ll and rainy days are decreasing at 14 stations, stations, 23 are, heaviest rainfall for in... Rain, snow, hail etc 450-900 metres ) in July the,... Go to Shimla ( Himachal Pradesh [ 32 ] management problems and difficulties in towns! Himachal Pradesh 's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 see. Rainfall have been discussed in this chapter from, and rainfall in a year, the rainfall is 2213 |! Available data generalized negative himachal pradesh annual rainfall for the Western, central, and that was 74 mm. project... And magnitude of changes Nahan, Renuka ( Rainka ) 0.33 days/year ) Li! In form of natural slope can cause landslide is 68 miles from Manali, so the actual in...

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