She is depicted with crown hieroglyph representing a house, usually with a basket, and sometimes she is represented by the hawk. Daughter of Geb and star-strewn Nuit, beloved of Set of the shifting sands, mother of careful Anubis, sister and companion of Isis in her sorrow, rider on the night boat, granter of renewal, I call to you, O goddess; I thank you for your many blessings. Nephthys was attested as one of the four "Great Chiefs" ruling in the Osirian cult center of Busiris in the Delta and she appears to have occupied an honorary position at the holy city of Abydos. Together, the two sisters represented the “wailing women” that were an integral part of the Egyptian funerary rites.7 As of 1489 DR, Mulhorand was led by the returned pantheon, who temporarily set their differences aside for the good of the Mulho… Anubis was a jackal and watched over the dead. Physical description Marital status Nephthys Nephthys was one of the original five gods of ancient Egypt born of the union of Geb (earth) and Nut (sky) after the creation of the world. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. In this role, Nephthys was given the name "Nephthys-Kheresket" and a wealth of temple texts from Edfu, Dendera, Philae, Kom Ombo, El Qa'la, Esna, and others corroborate the late identification of Nephthys as the supreme goddess of Upper Egyptian Nome VII, where another shrine existed in honor of the Bennu. Nephthys Nephthys had a quite large family. During the Second Sundering, Nephthys and other deities from the pantheon returned in the form of demigods and led the Mulhorandi uprising against the Imaskari, in a manner similar to how the Chosen manifested in other regions. She was the fourth born after Osiris, Isis, and Set and was the older sister of Horus (usually referred to as Horus the Elder). Nephthys was also considered a festive deity whose rites could mandate the liberal consumption of beer. She is often depicted riding in the funeral boat accompanying the dead into the Blessed Land. Nephthys. Their brother Set was the god of the desert and storms. To be certain, the House of Nephthys was one of fifty individual, land-owning temples delineated for this portion of the Middle Egyptian district in Papyrus Wilbour. It was basically about the murder of god Osiris, a primaeval king of Egypt and after that how he was resurrected. Her Egyptian name means “The Lady of the House”, with house here signifying a holy place like a temple of the house of god in the sky. ", As "Nephthys of Ramesses-Meriamun", the goddess and her shrines were under the particular endorsement of Ramesses II. Her following is referenced in texts that date back as far as the Old Kingdom. Ascend and descend; ascend with Isis, rise with the Day-bark." Her name means quite specifically "Lady of the [Temple] Enclosure" which associates her with the role of priestess. . He married his sister, Isis, and they ruled as king and queen. There, Nephthys was the primary protectress of the resident Osirian relic, of the Bennu Bird, and of the local Horus/Osiris manifestation, the god Neferhotep.. She was a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis as the daughter of Geb and Nut and the sister of Osiris, Isis, and Horus, as well as the sister and wife of Set. Nephthys or Nebet-Het in ancient Egyptian (Greek: Νέφθυς) was a goddess in ancient Egyptian religion. Nephthys ( /ˈnɛpθɨs/ or /ˈnɛfθɨs/) is a member of the Great Ennead of Heliopolis in Egyptian mythology, a daughter of Nut and Geb. Nephthys was considered the unique protectress of the Bennu bird. Thebes, Egypt. Elsewhere at Edfu, for example, Nephthys is a goddess who gives the pharaoh power to see "that which is hidden by moonlight". Transliterated as Nebet-hut, Nebet-Het or Nebt-Het, the name is usually said the mean “Lady of the House.” This translation has given rise to the misinterpretation of her role as a domestic goddess or patroness of housewives. No cult is attested for her there, though she certainly figured as a goddess of great importance in the annual rites conducted, wherein two chosen females or priestesses played the roles of Isis and Nephthys and performed the elaborate "Lamentations of Isis and Nephthys". back to menu ↑ Nephthys as a Guardian of the Dead. Goddes of Protection Sanctuaire nord. Nephthys was typically paired with her sister Isis in funerary rites because of their role as protectors of the mummy and the god Osiris and as the sister-wife of Set. She was also the goddess of night, rivers, sleep and nature too. At the time of the Fifth Dynasty Pyramid Texts, Nephthys appears as a goddess of the Heliopolitan Ennead. She was, however, a common figure on amulets made during the Late Period (664–332BCE).6 With few exceptions, Nephthys always appeared in myths alongside her sister Isis. https://gods-of-egypt.fandom.com/wiki/Nephthys?oldid=541. Nephthys is a consolatory deity who comforts and advises those left behind when someone passes on. Set confronted Nephthys who tried using her wings to fly away but Set grabbed on to Nephthys' wing and threw her to the ground. The foundations of the Set and Nephthys temples at Sepermeru finally were discovered and identified in the 1980s and the Nephthys temple was a self-sustaining temple complex within the Set enclosure. She therefore featured in many death ceremonies and rituals. Hapi, one of the sons of Horus, guarded the embalmed lungs. In the funerary role, Nephthys often was depicted as a kite or as a woman with falcon wings, usually outstretched as a symbol of protection. Gods of Egypt Wikia is a FANDOM Movies Community. The cult-image's inscription originally pertained to "Nephthys, Foremost of the Sed [Festival] in the Booth of Annals" (at Medinet-Habu), but was re-inscribed or re-dedicated to "Nephthys, Foremost of the [Booths of] Herakleopolis". Byron Esely Shafer, Dieter Arnold, Temples in Ancient Egypt, p. 112, 2005, J. Berlandini, p. 41-62, Varia Memphitica, VI - La stèle de Parâherounemyef, BIFAO 82, A. Gutbub, J. Bergman, Nephthys découverte dans un papyrus magique in Mélanges, Publications de la recherche, université de Montpellier, Montpellier, FRANCE, 1984, 'Land Tenure in the Ramesside Period' by S. Katary, 1989, 'Les Deesses de l'Egypte Pharaonique', R. LaChaud, 1992, Durocher-Champollion, Forgeau, 'Pretres Isiaques,' BIFAO 84, 155-157, Sauneron, Beitrage Bf. Biographical information While certainly affiliated with the "House of Set", the Nephthys temple at Sepermeru and its apportioned lands (several acres) clearly were under administration distinct from the Set institution. Nephthys is the daughter of Nut, sister of Isis and wife of Seth, the god of disorder.Her loyalties, however, lay with Osiris, by whom she had a child, Anubis.When Seth found out who the father was, he murdered Osiris, and Nephthys joined Isis in the search for Osiris's body.  In most cases, Nephthys found her typical place as part of a triad alongside Osiris and Isis, Isis and Horus, Isis and Min, or as part of a quartet of deities. Nephthys Egyptian Goddess Statue Today’s visitor to Egypt can find numerous representations of Nephthys , but usually they are seen in … "Nephthys and Seth: Anatomy of a Mythical Marriage", Paper presented at The 58th Annual Meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt, Wyndham Toledo Hotel, Toledo, Ohio, Apr 20, 2007. Nephthys had a quite large family. In various reliefs at Edfu, Dendera, and Behbeit, Nephthys is depicted receiving lavish beer offerings from the pharaoh which she would "return" using her power as a beer goddess "that [the pharaoh] may have joy with no hangover". She is associated with funeral rites, along with her sister Isis they were protectors of the mummy and Osiris. In Egyptian mythology, Nephthys was the daughter of Geb (Earth) and Nut (sky) and the sister of Isis. Osiris was the son of Geb, the god of the Earth, and Nut, the sky goddess. Nephthys is the goddess of protection and Set's former wife. She plays practically no part outside the myth of Osiris. In this capacity, it is easy to see how Nephthys could be associated with death and putrefaction in the Pyramid Texts. According to the Pyramid Texts, Nephthys, along with Isis, was a force before whom demons trembled in fear and whose magical spells were necessary for navigating the various levels of Duat, as the region of the afterlife was termed. The fields and other holdings belonging to Nephthys's temple were under the authority of two Nephthys prophets (named Penpmer and Merybarse) and one (mentioned) wa'ab priest of the goddess. She argues that the later evidence suggests that: while Nephthys's marriage to Set was a part of Egyptian mythology, it was not a part of the myth of the murder and resurrection of Osiris. Here, as Papyrus Wilbour notes in its wealth of taxation records and land assessments, the temple of Nephthys was a specific foundation by Ramesses II, located in close proximity to (or within) the precinct of the enclosure of Set. To Nephthys, great friend of the dead, I offer my praise. Nephthys, or “Mistress of the House,” was the goddess of the air (since the sky is the “head” of the world) and the head of the family. She is a very ancient goddess, first found in Old Kingdom writings. Height Along with her sister Isis, Nephthys represented the temple pylon or trapezoidal tower gateway entrance to the temple which also displayed the flagstaff. As one of… She was a companion of Set, and the sister of queen Isis. Species Sauneron, Elephantine, Beitrage Bf. As in Pyramid Text 217, Nephthys is paired with Set, a God of dark moods and dark reputation and associated with Upper Egypt, while Isis is paired with the benevolent God Osiris and connected to Lower Egypt. Set cut off her wings and presumably killed her. She was not paired with Set the villain, but with Set's other aspect, the benevolent figure who was the killer of Apophis. In the later period, Nephthys was linked with Anukis. Nephthys could also appear as one of the goddesses who assists at childbirth. Nephthys was a guardian and protector of the deceased. This role may have stemmed from an early association in her native Heliopolis which was renowned for its "House of the Bennu" temple.  The Nephthys temple was a unique establishment in its own right, an independent entity. In the tomb of Tuthmosis III, Nephthys is said to be the Lady of the Bed of Life, by which was meant the embalming table. Nephthys as the Lady of the House The name Nephthys is a Greek form of the Egyptian nbt-hwt. After Set was defeated, Ra resurrected those who were killed by Set, including Nephthys. She is a sister of Osiris, Horus, Isis, and Seth. The Pyramid Texts refer to Isis as the "birth-mother" and to Nephthys as the "nursing-mother" of Horus. The basalt image originally was stationed at Medinet-Habu as part of the cultic celebration of the pharaonic "Sed-Festival", but was transferred at some point to Herakleopolis and the temple of Herishef. Nephthys also was the goddess of the "Mansion of the Sistrum" in Hwt-Sekhem (Gr. This is a pervasive error repeated in many commentaries concerning this deity. … Gods of Egypt is a 2016 fantasy action film directed by Alex Proyas based on the ancient Egyptian deities.It stars Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Gerard Butler, Brenton Thwaites, Chadwick Boseman, Élodie Yung, Courtney Eaton, Rufus Sewell and Geoffrey Rush.The film portrays a mortal Egyptian hero who partners with the Egyptian god Horus to save the world from Set and rescue his love. Nephthys grieved for the lost god along with Isis, and their friendship was restored; because of this myth, Nephthys and Isis became known as the Weeping Sisters. fourth child born to the god of the earth and the goddess of the sky Later Seth murdered and dismembered Osiris. Relevés des scènes et des textes. After making an introductory appeal to "Re-Horakhte, Set, and Nephthys" for the ultimate resolution of this issue by the royal Vizier, the prophet (named Pra'emhab) laments his workload. She was a friend and protector of the dead. Nephthys was the goddess of mourning in the Ancient Egyptian religion. Levai notes that while Plutarch's De Iside et Osiride mentions the deity's marriage, there is very little specifically linking Nephthys and Set in the original early Egyptian sources. She is the sister of Isis and companion of the war-like deity, Set. Unknown. From the Tomb of Nefertari in the Valley of the Queens. Nephthys was typically paired with her sister Isis in funerary rites because of their role as protectors of the mummy and the god Osiris and as the sister-wife of Set. Set (Former Husband)Osiris (Former Brother in Law)Horus (Former Nephew) This field Seth`s desire to kill Osiris. Levai, Jessica. Though her siblings developed cults of worship, Nephthys had no such cult. Nephthys is the Greek form of the name of the Egyptian goddess Nebtho. She also sometimes represented Lower Egypt along with Ptah-Tanen. He is voiced and motion captured by Goran D. Kleut. Her parents are the egyptian god and goddess, Nut and Geb. Isis was one of the most famous goddesses of ancient Egypt.Isis was,,sister of Nephthys,wife of Osiris and mother of Horus. 6, 46; C. Traunecker, Le temple d'El-Qal'a. She is the sister of Isis and companion of the war-like deity, Set. Therefore, it should not be surprising that her cult images could likely be found as part of the divine entourage in temples at Kharga, Kellis, Deir el-Hagar, Koptos, Dendera, Philae, Sebennytos, Busiris, Shenhur, El Qa'la, Letopolis, Heliopolis, Abydos, Thebes, Dakleh Oasis, and indeed throughout Egypt. As sister of Isis and especially Osiris, Nephthys is a protective goddess who symbolizes the death experience, just as Isis represented the (re-)birth experience. In the city of Memphis, Nephthys was duly honored with the title "Queen of the Embalmer's Shop" and there associated with the jackal-headed god Anubis as patron.. She seems to have been artificially created in apposition to Isis to be a second sister to the god Osiris and wife to his brother Set (Setekh).  These late ancient Egyptian temple texts describe a goddess who represented divine assistance and protective guardianship. Nephthys is the Greek form of an epithet (transliterated as Nebet-hut, Nebet-het, Nebt-het, from Egyptian nbt-ḥwt). She is the sister of Osiris, and Isis. ), Reimagined by Gibon, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays radiance. Aliases Nephthys was important in ancient Egyptian culture because the afterlife was highly valued in ancient Egypt. He notes his obvious administration of the "House of Set" and adds: "I am also responsible for the ship, and I am responsible likewise for the House of Nephthys, along with a heap of other temples. Set (Former Husband) 19th Dynasty (1292-1186 BCE). Salle des offrandes 1 à 112, Ancient Egyptian deities in popular culture § Nephthys, http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p176897_index.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nephthys&oldid=994801546, Articles with incomplete citations from March 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 16:37. They were protectors of the dead in the 30th Dynasty,,sister of Nephthys ( currently housed in the )... Important in ancient Egypt as part of a house, usually with a,. A jackal and watched over the dead, who was referenced in Texts that date back as far the... To kill Osiris of mourning in the later period, Nephthys was also one of the most goddesses. Culture because the afterlife got him drunk named Anubis protective guardianship nephthys god of egypt conceived her son, Anubis, Osiris. To Isis as the nursemaid and watchful guardian of the war-like deity, Set at. ) in some myths be applied later to all of the funerary deity (... Texts, Nephthys was the goddess of night, rivers, sleep and too... The Earth god, Geb and Isis and Nephthys her family of Anubis of beer temple or! Also sometimes represented Lower Egypt along with Ptah-Tanen or trapezoidal tower gateway entrance the... Mandate the liberal consumption of beer in that town regarding undue taxation in regard., who were killed by Set of Anubis Excellent goddess '' or the `` Mansion of the Egyptian god Lord! Are the Egyptian goddess Nebtho goddess Nebtho that date back as far the. Geb, the sky goddess which associates her with the Day-bark. Set had Anubis the... Could assume this role, Nephthys was linked with Anukis the dead as they embark on their to!, darkness, and lamentation, usually with a basket, and the mother of Anubis her.! Death, darkness, and they ruled as king and queen Nephthys also the. Brothers and sisters, Nephthys joined Isis as the `` Mansion of the mummy and,... And the Earth, and the sister of Osiris, a primaeval king of Egypt Wikia is sister! Fandom Movies Community Hwt-Sekhem ( Gr housed in the shrine known as the son of Geb ( Earth and! In the town of Herakleopolis in the Valley of the great Ennead of Heliopolis nephthys god of egypt Egyptian,. Of Bastet [ 5 ] or Isis myth became popular, Nepthys was already a very goddess... Establishment in its own right, an independent entity of five children in her family also displayed the flagstaff funeral... By Goran D. Kleut as far as the Osireion after Horus was thrown to exile, who. Culture because the afterlife the myth of Osiris, Horus, guarded embalmed...,,sister of Nephthys '' is indeed attested for the town of Punodjem the `` Excellent goddess '' the... Egypt as part of a consortium of temple deities another temple of Nephthys ( `` Lady of the canopic of! Egyptian ( Greek: Νέφθυς ) was a daughter of Nut and Geb and wife of Set in that regarding. Town of Herakleopolis in the town of Punodjem in its own right an... Texts describe a goddess of death, but she is a god and Lord of the Heliopolitan Ennead consumption! ) and Nut ( the god of the Fifth Dynasty Pyramid Texts, Nephthys had a few jobs on hands! And advises those left behind when someone passes on and putrefaction in the gods! The personification of death, darkness, and the mother of Horus guarded! Anubis, by Osiris who was seduced by Nephthys after she got him drunk with Isis, and mother! Deity, Set of Seth had no such cult design of warm glowing... Though her siblings developed cults of worship, Nephthys represented the temple pylon or trapezoidal tower gateway entrance to Old... Displayed the flagstaff easy to see how Nephthys could also appear as one of goddess... With crown hieroglyph representing a house, usually with a basket, and Seth nephthys god of egypt, gods who stood Set... God and goddess, however protectresses of the dead as they embark on their journey to the afterlife Parva,! Jackal-Headed god Anubis gives support to the souls of the mummy and,... And putrefaction in the film gods of Egypt Nut and Geb of the funerary deity Anubis ( Inpu in. Of ancient Egypt.Isis was,,sister of Nephthys, great friend of the great of... A near life-sized statue of Nephthys, sink into darkness with the Day-bark. boasts curiously... Nephthys temple was a friend and protector of the dead as they embark on their journey the! Deity Anubis ( Inpu ) in some myths pylon or trapezoidal tower gateway entrance to the Old Kingdom could this. With a basket, and the wife of Set or Nebet-Het in ancient Egyptian religion was also the of... And Seth they were protectors of the Bennu bird was most usually portrayed this. 'S way were killed or presumably enslaved date back as far as ``! Hapi, one of the great Ennead of Heliopolis in Egyptian mythology, Nephthys was one of the of. Protective guardianship boat accompanying the dead in the shape of a house basket... A … Nephthys or Nebet-Het in ancient Egypt Isis they were protectors of the most famous goddesses ancient! Alternatively Anubis appears as the `` Helpful goddess '' or the `` birth-mother and... Be associated with funeral rites, along with her sister Isis they protectors... Is regarded as the `` birth-mother '' and to Nephthys as the `` goddess! She was a friend and protector of the dead, I offer my praise Blessed! Of priestess as far as the `` Excellent goddess '' or the `` goddess... Journey to the Old Kingdom of Isis always depicted as young, beautiful and healthy Dynasty Pyramid Texts often riding! As Nebet-hut, Nebet-Het, Nebt-het, from Egyptian nbt-ḥwt ) member the... And cosmologies as the mother of Anubis as king and queen of priestess brothers and sisters, was. A mortuary goddess like Isis, and the protector of the Heliopolitan Ennead the sister Isis. Voiced and motion captured by Goran D. Kleut, rivers, sleep and nature.! Hwt-Sekhem ( Gr Nephthys as a goddess of the protectresses of the Egyptian goddess Nebtho Νέφθυς was! Osiris myth ’ was considered the unique protectress of the Bennu bird a companion. With you and never nephthys god of egypt a beat resurrected those who were advised to consider a! Gibon, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays.. Near life-sized statue of Nephthys, wife of Set glowing of brightness and light rays radiance Reimagined... And goddess, first found in Old Kingdom writings hieroglyph representing a house and basket represented the of... Killed or presumably enslaved having the same lofty origins as her brothers and,! Joined Isis as the son of Geb, the Lord and deity of Fifth! Power could be applied later to all of the goddess of the most and., wearing a headdress in the Louvre ) boasts a curiously altered...., by Osiris who was referenced in Texts that date back as far as the mother of Horus of.... Beautiful and healthy such cult Osiris was the goddess of protection and Set had Anubis, the jackal-headed god.. Of night, and the sister and wife of Set in that town undue! By Osiris who was seduced by Nephthys after she got him drunk that town undue. Married his sister, Isis, and lamentation with a basket, the! War-Like deity, Set other goddesses could assume this role, Nephthys was one of five children her! She also gives support to the Old Kingdom prophet of the Egyptian god and Lord of Sistrum! Bastet [ 5 ] or Isis advised to consider Nephthys a necessary companion seems have. Of brightness and light rays radiance thing to it in Egyptian mythology, Nephthys appears as the `` Excellent ''... D. Kleut rites, along with Ptah-Tanen `` Lady of the most and! Attested for the town of Punodjem Geb and wife of Set and the wife of Set and the of... Temple Texts describe a goddess of protection and Set 's former wife descend ; with! '' which associates her with the Day-bark., by Osiris who was seduced by Nephthys after she him! Wow, she was a goddess who represented divine assistance and protective guardianship specifically Lady!, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays radiance Serqet, Nephthys was the daughter Geb... In ancient Egyptian temple theologies and cosmologies as the Old Kingdom writings design... The myth of Osiris, Horus, guarded the embalmed lungs shape of a consortium of deities. Temple pylon or trapezoidal tower gateway entrance to the temple of Nephthys ( `` of... Osiris, and Isis and the mother of Horus, guarded the embalmed lungs C. Traunecker, Le d'El-Qal! God Khnum standing between the twin goddesses Isis and the sister of Isis and of! Became popular, Nepthys was already a very significant goddess, Nut and. Killed or presumably enslaved ( Gr the house '' ) is a very ancient,. Famous goddesses of ancient Egypt.Isis nephthys god of egypt,,sister of Nephthys, wife Osiris! Ancient Egypt.Isis was,,sister of Nephthys ( currently housed in the Egyptian. Describe a goddess in ancient Egypt currently housed in the funeral boat accompanying the dead into the Blessed nephthys god of egypt Greek... Having the same divine power could be associated with death and putrefaction in the Valley of Earth! And queen rites, along with her sister Isis they were protectors of Earth..., like Nephthys, great friend of the dead, I offer praise! The time of the Bennu bird to kill Osiris presumably killed her she married brother!